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Uses and Abuses of Argument

Uses and Abuses of Argument - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0072840896

ISBN13: 978-0072840896
ISBN10: 0072840897
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 00
Publisher: Mayfield Publishing Co.
Published: 2000
International: No

List price: $68.50

Uses and Abuses of Argument - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0072840896

Stephen Carey

ISBN13: 978-0072840896
ISBN10: 0072840897
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 00
Publisher: Mayfield Publishing Co.

Published: 2000
International: No

Author Bio

Carey, Stephen : Portland Community College



Table of Contents

Part I. Critical Thinking

1. Introduction to Critical Thinking

What Does Critical Thinking Involve?
Argument
Fallacies
Why Study Fallacies?
The Mass Media
Adopting a Critical Point of View
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises

2. Claims

Claim Making
Descriptive and Value-Laden Claims
Clarity
Impediments to Clarity
Clearing Things Up: Definition
Media Watch: The Language of Advertising
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises

3. Assessing Arguments

When Is an Argument Acceptable?
Assessing Premises
Assessing Inferential Strength: The Main Method
Assessing Inferential Strength: An Alternative Method
Deduction and Induction
Strong and Weak Refutation
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises

4. Welcome to the Real World: Arguments in Context

Recognizing Arguments: Telltale Signs
Paraphrasing Arguments
Complicating Factors
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises

Part II. Fallacies

5. Relevance

A Note of Caution
Classifying Fallacies
Types of Relevance
A Test for Relevance
Fallacies of Relevance
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises

6. Distortion

Distortions of Fact
Distortions of the Views of Others
Media Watch: Distortion in the Coverage of the News
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises

7. Ambiguity and Redundancy

Equivocation
Collective and Distributive Properties
Division
Composition
Hypostatization
Circular Reasoning
Begging the Question
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises

8. Analogy

Arguments by Analogy
Analogical Refutations
Assessing Arguments by Analogy
The Uses of Analogy
Working Through Arguments by Analogy
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises

9. Generalizations and Causes

Generalizations
Fallacies Involving Generalizations
Reasoning About Causes
Testing for Causal Links
Causal Fallacies
Media Watch: Science in the News Media
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises

10. Reason, Rhetoric, and Emotion: The Fine Art of Manipulation

Reason and Emotion
Emotional Manipulation
Reason and Rhetoric
Rhetorical Manipulation
Logical Self-Defense
Media Watch: Advertising
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Solutions to Exercises



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