Summary: This survey text presents the Western intellectual tradition within a chronology of political history. Known for its accessible writing style, Western Civilization appeals to students and instructors alike for its brevity, clarity, and careful selection of content. New technology resources--including Houghton Mifflin's Eduspace course management system--make learning more engaging and instruction more efficient.
In the Eighth Edition, several new pedagogica...show morel features support students throughout the term. Chapter-opening focus questions direct students to important themes, while a glossary reinforces key terms and concepts. New icons in the text direct students to online resources such as maps, primary sources, and practice test questions. In addition, the new edition retains many popular features, including comparative timelines, full-color maps with physical geography essays, and primary source excerpts.
New! Eduspace for History is an online learning tool that pairs the widely recognized resources of Blackboard with quality content from Houghton Mifflin. Developed to meet the unique needs of history curricula, Eduspace for History offers access to primary sources, interactive maps, and supplemental study materials, as well as writing tips and tutorials (and, in qualified adoption situations, the anti-plagiarism resources of MyDropBox). Homework exercises, writing assignments paired with source documents, debate questions for online discussion boards, and tests all come ready-to-use.
New! Icons in the margins of the text direct students to online maps and primary sources, as well as the Online Study Center, which includes ACE practice tests, interactive activities, and a range of materials to help students succeed in the course.
New! Chapter-opening focus questions call attention to key themes students will explore in each chapter, while a glossary at the end of the book reinforces key terms and concepts.
New! The text has been streamlined to tell the story of western civilization in a more effective and efficient way.
The text's smaller size and paperback format make it the convenient, cost-effective choice for instructors of Western Civilization.
I. The Ancient World: Foundation of the West to A.D. 500
1. The Ancient Near East: The First Civilizations
The Rise to Civilization Mesopotamian Civilization Egyptian Civilization Empire Builders The Religious Orientation of the Near East Near Eastern Achievements Profile: Hatchepsut
2. The Hebrews: A New View of God and the Individual
Outline of Hebrew History God: One, Sovereign, Transcendent, Good The Individual and Moral Autonomy The Covenant and the Law The Hebrew Idea of History The Prophets The Legacy of the Ancient Jews Profile: Jeremiah
3. The Greek City-State: Democratic Politics
Early Aegean Civilizations The Rise of Hellenic Civilization Evolution of the City-State Athenian Greatness The Decline of the City-States The Dilemma of Greek Politics Profile: Demosthenes
4. Greek Thought: From Myth to Reason
Philosophy Art Poetry and Drama History The Greek Achievement: Reason, Freedom, Humanism Profile: Hesiod
5. The Hellenistic Age: Cultural Diffusion
Alexander the Great Hellenistic Society Hellenistic Culture Hellenistic Legacy Profile: Polybius
6. The Roman Republic: City-State to World Empire
Evolution of the Roman Constitution Roman Expansion to 146 B.C. Culture in the Republic The Collapse of the Republic Profile: Cleopatra
7. The Roman Empire: A World-State
Augustus and the Foundations of the Roman Empire The Pax Romana Signs of Trouble The Decline of Rome The Roman Legacy Profile: Epicetus
8. Early Christianity: A World Religion
Origins of Christianity Spread and Triumph of Christianity Growth of Christian Organization, Doctrine, and Attitudes Saint Augustine: The Christian World-View Christianity and Classical Humanism: Alternative World-Views Profile: Blandina
II. The Middle Ages: The Christian Centuries, 500-1400
9. The Heirs of Rome: Byzantium, Islam, and Latin Christendom
Byzantine Civilization: The Medieval Christian East Islamic Civilization: Its Development and Dissemination Latin Christendom: The Rise of Europe The Church: Shaper of Medieval Civilization The Kingdom of the Franks Medieval Society Profile: Saint Boniface
10. The High Middle Ages: Vitality and Renewal
Economic Expansion The Rise of States The Growth of Papal Power Christians and Jews Profile: Saladin
11. The Flowering of Medieval Culture: The Christian Synthesis
Revival of Learning The Medieval World-View Philosophy-Theology Science The Recovery of Roman Law Literature Architecture Profile: Abelard and Héloise
12. The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and Dissolution
An Age of Adversity The Decline of the Papacy Breakup of the Thomistic Synthesis The Middle Ages and the Modern World: Continuity and Discontinuity Profile: Joan of Arc
III. Early Modern Europe: from Renaissance to Enlightenment, 1350-1789
13. The Renaissance: Transition to the Modern Age
Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance The Renaissance Outlook: Humanism and Secular Politics Renaissance Art The Spread of the Renaissance The Renaissance and the Modern Age Profile: Leonardo da Vinci
14. The Reformation: Shattering of Christian Unity
The Medieval Church in Crisis The Lutheran Revolt The Spread of the Reformation The Catholic Response The Reformation and the Modern Age Profile: Katharina von Bora
15. European Expansion: Economic and Social Transformations
European Expansion The Price Revolution The Expansion of Agriculture The Expansion of Trade and Industry The Growth of Capitalism The Elite and the People Economic and Social Transformations Profile: Bartolomé de las Casas
16. The Rise of Sovereignty: Transition to the Modern State
Monarchs and Elites as State Builders The Rise and Fall of Hapsburg Spain The Growth of French Power The Growth of Limited Monarchy and Constitutionalism in England The Netherlands: A Bourgeois Republic The Holy Roman Empire: The Failure to Unify Germany The Emergence of Austria and Prussia Russia: Great Nobles and Starving Peasants The State and Modern Political Development Profile: Elizabeth I, Queen of England
17. The Scientific Revolution: The Universe Seen as a Mechanism
Medieval Cosmology A New View of Nature The Newtonian Synthesis: Experiment, Mathematics, and Theory Biology, Medicine, and Chemistry Bacon and Descartes: Prophets of the New Science The Social Implications of the Scientific Revolution The Meaning of the Scientific Revolution Profile: Isaac Newton
18. The Age of Enlightenment: Reason and Reform
The Formation of a Public and Secular Culture Alternatives to Orthodoxy Political Thought Social Thought Economic Thought The High Enlightenment European Political and Diplomatic Developments The Enlightenment in Eastern Europe The American Revolution The Enlightenment and the Modern World Profile: Mary Wollstonecraft
IV. An Age of Revolution: Liberal, National, Industrial, 1789-1848
19. The French Revolution: Affirmation of Liberty and Equality
The Old Regime The Moderate Stage, 1789-91 The Radical Stage, 1792-94 The Meaning of the French Revolution Profile: Gracchus Babeuf
20. Napoleon: Subverter and Preserver of the Revolution
Rise to Power Napoleon and France Napoleon and Europe The Fall of Napoleon The Legend and the Achievement Profile: Francois Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture
21. The Industrial Revolution: The Transformation of Society
The Origins of the Industrial Age Society Transformed Relief and Reform Industrialism in Perspective Profile: The Darby Family
22. Thought and Culture in the Early Nineteenth Century
Romanticism: A New Cultural Orientation German Idealism Conservatism: The Value of Tradition Liberalism: The Value of the Individual Radicalism and Democracy: The Expansion of Liberalism Early Socialism: New Possibilities for Society Nationalism: The Sacredness of the Nation Profile: Percy Bysshe Shelley
23. Revolution and Counterrevolution, 1815-1848
The Congress of Vienna, 1814-15 Revolutions, 1820-1829 Revolutions, 1830-1832 The Rise of Reform in Britain The Revolutions of 1848: France The Revolutions of 1848: Germany, Austria, and Italy The Revolutions of 1848: An Assessment Profile: Francis Palacky
V. An Age of Contradiction: Progress and Breakdown, 1848-1914
24. Thought and Culture in the Mid-Nineteenth Century: Realism and Social Criticism
Realism and Naturalism Positivism Darwinism Marxism Anarchism Liberalism in Transition Feminism: Extending the Principle of Equality Profile: Charles Dickens
25. The Surge of Nationalism: From Liberal to Extreme Nationalism
The Unification of Italy The Unification of Germany Nationality Problems in the Hapsburg Empire The Rise of Racial Nationalism Profile: Richard Wagner
26. The Industrial West: Responses to Modernization
The Advance of Industry Great Britain: An Industrial Model France: Democratic or Authoritarian? Germany: An Authoritarian State? Italy: Unfulfilled Expectations Russia: The Tsarist Empire The United States: Democratic Giant A Golden Age? Profile: Jean Jaurès
27. Western Imperialism: Global Dominance
Emergence of the New Imperialism European Domination of Asia The Scramble for Africa Latin America The Legacy of Imperialism Profile: Gandhi
28. Modern Consciousness: New Views of Nature, Human Nature, and the Arts
Irrationalism Freud: A New View of Human Nature Social Thought: Confronting the Irrational and the Complexities of Modern Society The Modernist Movement Modern Physics The Enlightenment Tradition in Disarray Profile: Joseph Conrad
VI. World Wars and Totalitarianism: The West in Crisis, 1914-1945
29. World War I: The West in Despair
Aggravated Nationalist Tensions in Austria-Hungary The German System of Alliances The Triple Entente Drifting Toward War War as Celebration Stalemate in the West Other Fronts The Collapse of the Central Powers The Peace Conference The Russian Revolution of 1917 The War and European Consciousness Profile: Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen (the "Red Baron")
30. An Era of Totalitarianism
The Nature of Totalitarianism Communist Russia The Nature of Fascism The Rise of Fascism in Italy The Fascist State in Italy The New German Republic The Rise of Hitler Nazi Germany Liberalism and Authoritarianism in Other Lands Profile: Charles Maurras
31. Thought and Culture in an Era of World Wars and Totalitarianism
Intellectuals and Artists in Troubled Times Existentialism The Modern Predicament Profile: Leni Riefenstahl
32. World War II: Western Civilization in the Balance
The Aftermath of World War I The Road to War The Nazi Blitzkrieg The New Order The Turn of the Tide The Legacy of World War II Profile: Hans and Sophie Scholl
VII. The Contemporary World: The Global Age Since 1945
33. Europe After World War II: Recovery and Realignment, 1945-1989
The Cold War Building a New Empire The Soviet Bloc Decolonization Profile: Margaret Thatcher
34. The Troubled Present
The Demise of Communism The Post-Cold War World Our Global Age: Tensions and Concerns Profile: Pope John Paul II
Epilogue: Reaffirming the Core Values of the Western Tradition
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