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Western Civilization : Ideas, Politics, and Society : Comp.

Western Civilization : Ideas, Politics, and Society : Comp. - 8th edition

ISBN13: 978-0618613007

Cover of Western Civilization : Ideas, Politics, and Society : Comp. 8TH 07 (ISBN 978-0618613007)
ISBN13: 978-0618613007
ISBN10: 0618613005
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 8TH 07
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Published: 2007
International: No

List price: $288.75

Western Civilization : Ideas, Politics, and Society : Comp. - 8TH 07 edition

ISBN13: 978-0618613007

Marvin Perry, Myrna Chase, Margaret Jacob and James Jacob

ISBN13: 978-0618613007
ISBN10: 0618613005
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 8TH 07
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Published: 2007
International: No
Summary

This survey text presents the Western intellectual tradition within a chronology of political history. Known for its accessible writing style, Western Civilization appeals to students and instructors alike for its brevity, clarity, and careful selection of content. New technology resources--including Houghton Mifflin's Eduspace course management system--make learning more engaging and instruction more efficient.

In the Eighth Edition, several new pedagogical features support students throughout the term. Chapter-opening focus questions direct students to important themes, while a glossary reinforces key terms and concepts. New icons in the text direct students to online resources such as maps, primary sources, and practice test questions. In addition, the new edition retains many popular features, including comparative timelines, full-color maps with physical geography essays, and primary source excerpts.

  • New! Eduspace for History is an online learning tool that pairs the widely recognized resources of Blackboard with quality content from Houghton Mifflin. Developed to meet the unique needs of history curricula, Eduspace for History offers access to primary sources, interactive maps, and supplemental study materials, as well as writing tips and tutorials (and, in qualified adoption situations, the anti-plagiarism resources of MyDropBox). Homework exercises, writing assignments paired with source documents, debate questions for online discussion boards, and tests all come ready-to-use.
  • New! Icons in the margins of the text direct students to online maps and primary sources, as well as the Online Study Center, which includes ACE practice tests, interactive activities, and a range of materials to help students succeed in the course.
  • New! Chapter-opening focus questions call attention to key themes students will explore in each chapter, while a glossary at the end of the book reinforces key terms and concepts.
  • New! The text has been streamlined to tell the story of western civilization in a more effective and efficient way.
  • The text's smaller size and paperback format make it the convenient, cost-effective choice for instructors of Western Civilization.

Table of Contents

I. The Ancient World: Foundation of the West to A.D. 500

1. The Ancient Near East: The First Civilizations

The Rise to Civilization
Mesopotamian Civilization
Egyptian Civilization
Empire Builders
The Religious Orientation of the Near East
Near Eastern Achievements
Profile: Hatchepsut

2. The Hebrews: A New View of God and the Individual

Outline of Hebrew History
God: One, Sovereign, Transcendent, Good
The Individual and Moral Autonomy
The Covenant and the Law
The Hebrew Idea of History
The Prophets
The Legacy of the Ancient Jews
Profile: Jeremiah

3. The Greek City-State: Democratic Politics

Early Aegean Civilizations
The Rise of Hellenic Civilization
Evolution of the City-State
Athenian Greatness
The Decline of the City-States
The Dilemma of Greek Politics
Profile: Demosthenes

4. Greek Thought: From Myth to Reason

Philosophy
Art
Poetry and Drama
History
The Greek Achievement: Reason, Freedom, Humanism
Profile: Hesiod

5. The Hellenistic Age: Cultural Diffusion

Alexander the Great
Hellenistic Society
Hellenistic Culture
Hellenistic Legacy
Profile: Polybius

6. The Roman Republic: City-State to World Empire

Evolution of the Roman Constitution
Roman Expansion to 146 B.C.
Culture in the Republic
The Collapse of the Republic
Profile: Cleopatra

7. The Roman Empire: A World-State

Augustus and the Foundations of the Roman Empire
The Pax Romana
Signs of Trouble
The Decline of Rome
The Roman Legacy
Profile: Epicetus

8. Early Christianity: A World Religion

Origins of Christianity
Spread and Triumph of Christianity
Growth of Christian Organization, Doctrine, and Attitudes
Saint Augustine: The Christian World-View
Christianity and Classical Humanism: Alternative World-Views
Profile: Blandina

II. The Middle Ages: The Christian Centuries, 500-1400

9. The Heirs of Rome: Byzantium, Islam, and Latin Christendom

Byzantine Civilization: The Medieval Christian East
Islamic Civilization: Its Development and Dissemination
Latin Christendom: The Rise of Europe
The Church: Shaper of Medieval Civilization
The Kingdom of the Franks
Medieval Society
Profile: Saint Boniface

10. The High Middle Ages: Vitality and Renewal

Economic Expansion
The Rise of States
The Growth of Papal Power
Christians and Jews
Profile: Saladin

11. The Flowering of Medieval Culture: The Christian Synthesis

Revival of Learning
The Medieval World-View
Philosophy-Theology
Science
The Recovery of Roman Law
Literature
Architecture
Profile: Abelard and Héloise

12. The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and Dissolution

An Age of Adversity
The Decline of the Papacy
Breakup of the Thomistic Synthesis
The Middle Ages and the Modern World: Continuity and Discontinuity
Profile: Joan of Arc

III. Early Modern Europe: from Renaissance to Enlightenment, 1350-1789

13. The Renaissance: Transition to the Modern Age

Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance
The Renaissance Outlook: Humanism and Secular Politics
Renaissance Art
The Spread of the Renaissance
The Renaissance and the Modern Age
Profile: Leonardo da Vinci

14. The Reformation: Shattering of Christian Unity

The Medieval Church in Crisis
The Lutheran Revolt
The Spread of the Reformation
The Catholic Response
The Reformation and the Modern Age
Profile: Katharina von Bora

15. European Expansion: Economic and Social Transformations

European Expansion
The Price Revolution
The Expansion of Agriculture
The Expansion of Trade and Industry
The Growth of Capitalism
The Elite and the People
Economic and Social Transformations
Profile: Bartolomé de las Casas

16. The Rise of Sovereignty: Transition to the Modern State

Monarchs and Elites as State Builders
The Rise and Fall of Hapsburg Spain
The Growth of French Power
The Growth of Limited Monarchy and Constitutionalism in England
The Netherlands: A Bourgeois Republic
The Holy Roman Empire: The Failure to Unify Germany
The Emergence of Austria and Prussia
Russia: Great Nobles and Starving Peasants
The State and Modern Political Development
Profile: Elizabeth I, Queen of England

17. The Scientific Revolution: The Universe Seen as a Mechanism

Medieval Cosmology
A New View of Nature
The Newtonian Synthesis: Experiment, Mathematics, and Theory
Biology, Medicine, and Chemistry
Bacon and Descartes: Prophets of the New Science
The Social Implications of the Scientific Revolution
The Meaning of the Scientific Revolution
Profile: Isaac Newton

18. The Age of Enlightenment: Reason and Reform

The Formation of a Public and Secular Culture
Alternatives to Orthodoxy
Political Thought
Social Thought
Economic Thought
The High Enlightenment
European Political and Diplomatic Developments
The Enlightenment in Eastern Europe
The American Revolution
The Enlightenment and the Modern World
Profile: Mary Wollstonecraft

IV. An Age of Revolution: Liberal, National, Industrial, 1789-1848

19. The French Revolution: Affirmation of Liberty and Equality

The Old Regime
The Moderate Stage, 1789-91
The Radical Stage, 1792-94
The Meaning of the French Revolution
Profile: Gracchus Babeuf

20. Napoleon: Subverter and Preserver of the Revolution

Rise to Power
Napoleon and France
Napoleon and Europe
The Fall of Napoleon
The Legend and the Achievement
Profile: Francois Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture

21. The Industrial Revolution: The Transformation of Society

The Origins of the Industrial Age
Society Transformed
Relief and Reform
Industrialism in Perspective
Profile: The Darby Family

22. Thought and Culture in the Early Nineteenth Century

Romanticism: A New Cultural Orientation
German Idealism
Conservatism: The Value of Tradition
Liberalism: The Value of the Individual
Radicalism and Democracy: The Expansion of Liberalism
Early Socialism: New Possibilities for Society
Nationalism: The Sacredness of the Nation
Profile: Percy Bysshe Shelley

23. Revolution and Counterrevolution, 1815-1848

The Congress of Vienna, 1814-15
Revolutions, 1820-1829
Revolutions, 1830-1832
The Rise of Reform in Britain
The Revolutions of 1848: France
The Revolutions of 1848: Germany, Austria, and Italy
The Revolutions of 1848: An Assessment
Profile: Francis Palacky

V. An Age of Contradiction: Progress and Breakdown, 1848-1914

24. Thought and Culture in the Mid-Nineteenth Century: Realism and Social Criticism

Realism and Naturalism
Positivism
Darwinism
Marxism
Anarchism
Liberalism in Transition
Feminism: Extending the Principle of Equality
Profile: Charles Dickens

25. The Surge of Nationalism: From Liberal to Extreme Nationalism

The Unification of Italy
The Unification of Germany
Nationality Problems in the Hapsburg Empire
The Rise of Racial Nationalism
Profile: Richard Wagner

26. The Industrial West: Responses to Modernization

The Advance of Industry
Great Britain: An Industrial Model
France: Democratic or Authoritarian?
Germany: An Authoritarian State?
Italy: Unfulfilled Expectations
Russia: The Tsarist Empire
The United States: Democratic Giant
A Golden Age?
Profile: Jean Jaurès

27. Western Imperialism: Global Dominance

Emergence of the New Imperialism
European Domination of Asia
The Scramble for Africa
Latin America
The Legacy of Imperialism
Profile: Gandhi

28. Modern Consciousness: New Views of Nature, Human Nature, and the Arts

Irrationalism
Freud: A New View of Human Nature
Social Thought: Confronting the Irrational and the Complexities of Modern Society
The Modernist Movement
Modern Physics
The Enlightenment Tradition in Disarray
Profile: Joseph Conrad

VI. World Wars and Totalitarianism: The West in Crisis, 1914-1945

29. World War I: The West in Despair

Aggravated Nationalist Tensions in Austria-Hungary
The German System of Alliances
The Triple Entente
Drifting Toward War
War as Celebration
Stalemate in the West
Other Fronts
The Collapse of the Central Powers
The Peace Conference
The Russian Revolution of 1917
The War and European Consciousness
Profile: Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen (the "Red Baron")

30. An Era of Totalitarianism

The Nature of Totalitarianism
Communist Russia
The Nature of Fascism
The Rise of Fascism in Italy
The Fascist State in Italy
The New German Republic
The Rise of Hitler
Nazi Germany
Liberalism and Authoritarianism in Other Lands
Profile: Charles Maurras

31. Thought and Culture in an Era of World Wars and Totalitarianism

Intellectuals and Artists in Troubled Times
Existentialism
The Modern Predicament
Profile: Leni Riefenstahl

32. World War II: Western Civilization in the Balance

The Aftermath of World War I
The Road to War
The Nazi Blitzkrieg
The New Order
The Turn of the Tide
The Legacy of World War II
Profile: Hans and Sophie Scholl

VII. The Contemporary World: The Global Age Since 1945

33. Europe After World War II: Recovery and Realignment, 1945-1989

The Cold War
Building a New Empire
The Soviet Bloc
Decolonization
Profile: Margaret Thatcher

34. The Troubled Present

The Demise of Communism
The Post-Cold War World
Our Global Age: Tensions and Concerns
Profile: Pope John Paul II

Epilogue: Reaffirming the Core Values of the Western Tradition