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Who Are We? : Theories of Human Nature

Who Are We? : Theories of Human Nature - 06 edition

ISBN13: 978-0195179279

Cover of Who Are We? : Theories of Human Nature 06 (ISBN 978-0195179279)
ISBN13: 978-0195179279
ISBN10: 0195179277
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 06
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Published: 2006
International: No
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Who Are We? : Theories of Human Nature - 06 edition

ISBN13: 978-0195179279

Louis P. Pojman

ISBN13: 978-0195179279
ISBN10: 0195179277
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 06
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Published: 2006
International: No
Summary

What is our nature? What is this enigma that we call human? Who are we? Since the dawn of human history, people have exhibited wildly contradictory qualities: good and evil, love and hate, strength and weakness, kindness and cruelty, aggressiveness and pacifism, generosity and greed, courage and cowardice. Experiencing a sense of eternity in our hearts--but at the same time confined to temporal and spatial constraints--we seek to understand ourselves, both individually and as a species.

In Who Are We? Theories of Human Nature, esteemed author Louis P. Pojman seeks to find answers to these questions by exploring major theories in Western philosophy and religion, along with several traditions in Eastern thought. The most comprehensive work of its kind, the volume opens with chapters on the Hebrew/Christian view of human nature and the contrasting classical Greek theories, outlining a dichotomy between faith and reason that loosely frames the rest of the book. The following chapters cover the medieval view, Hindu and Buddhist perspectives, conservative and liberal theories, Kant's Copernican revolution, Schopenhauer's pessimistic idealism, and Karl Marx's theory. Freud's psychoanalytic view, the existentialist perspective, the Darwinian view, and scientific materialism are also discussed. Pojman concludes with a discussion of the question of free will, ultimately asserting that each one of us must decide for ourselves who and what we are, and, based on that answer, how we shall live.

Table of Contents

The biblical views of human nature : Judaism and Christianity p. 5
The Greek tradition on human nature : the Sophists and Socrates p. 27
Plato's theory of human nature p. 40
Aristotle's theory of human nature p. 56
St. Augustine's theory of human nature p. 72
The Hindu and Buddhist theories of human nature p. 84
Classical conservative and liberal theories of human nature : Hobbes and Rousseau p. 104
Immanuel Kant's Copernican revolution p. 124
Arthur Schopenhauer's pessimistic idealism p. 138
Karl Marx's theory of human nature p. 153
Sigmund Freud's theory of human nature : pansexuality and psychoanalysis p. 168
The existentialist theory of human nature : Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Sartre p. 183
The Darwinian theory of human nature p. 204
Human nature in contemporary theories of the mind p. 225
The paradox of human nature : are we free? p. 250
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.