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World of Chemistry : Essentials

World of Chemistry : Essentials - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0030058882

Cover of World of Chemistry : Essentials 2ND 99 (ISBN 978-0030058882)
ISBN13: 978-0030058882
ISBN10: 0030058880 Edition: 2ND 99
Copyright: 1999
Publisher: Saunders College Division
Published: 1999
International: No

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World of Chemistry : Essentials - 2ND 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0030058882

Melvin D. Joesten and James L. Wood

ISBN13: 978-0030058882
ISBN10: 0030058880 Edition: 2ND 99
Copyright: 1999
Publisher: Saunders College Division
Published: 1999
International: No
Summary

The quality of human life is described in terms understandable to the non-science major in this application-oriented chemistry textbook. This paperback Essentials offers a more concise, less theoretical, less mathematical version of the hardback version, World of Chemistry, Second Edition.

Features

  • This second edition is replete with interesting applications to which the liberal arts student can readily relate. These include the nutritional basis of healthy living; medicines and drugs; pollution and the conservation of natural resources; and the agricultural production of food for a hungry world population.
  • Principles of such chemicals as bleaches, disinfectants, antioxidant vitamins, sunscreens, gasoline, and lotions are discussed and applied in understandable detail.
  • The length and complexity of the hardback version were reduced in Essentials by integrating applications and principles, and by combining topics such as Atomic Structure and Periodic Table, and states of matter and bonding.
  • Essentials is the only book on the market specifically designed for the one-semester liberal arts chemistry market, and its reasonable $35 pricetag rivals other non-majors books.
  • Priced at a reasonable $35 net, Essentials, Second Edition is much lower than the other leading non-majors books: Hill, Chemistry for Changing Times, 8 edition (Prentice Hall) is $52.50 net; Snyder, The Extraordinary Chemistry of Ordinary Things, 3 edition (Wiley) is $56.00 net! (Prices as of May, 1998)

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: LIVING IN A WORLD OF CHEMISTRY

  1. The World of Chemistry
  2. DNA Fingerprinting, Biochemistry, and Science
  3. Air Conditioning, the Ozone Hole, and Technology
  4. Automobile Tires, Hazardous Waste, and Risk
  5. What is Your Attitude Toward Chemistry?

The World of Chemistry: Discoveries by Accident

CHAPTER 2: THE CHEMICAL VIEW OF MATTER

  1. Elements - The Most Simple Kind of Matter
  2. Chemical Compounds - Atoms in Combination
  3. Mixtures and Pure Substances
  4. Changes in Matter: Is It Physical or Chemical?
  5. Classification of Matter
  6. The Chemical Elements
  7. Using Chemical Symbols
  8. The Quantitative Side of Chemistry

The Personal Side: Alfred Bernhard Nobel
The World of Chemistry: Models and Modeling
Science and Society: The Metric System

CHAPTER 3: ATOMS AND THE PERIODIC TABLE

  1. John Dalton's Atomic Theory
  2. Structure of the Atom
  3. Modern View of the Atom
  4. Where Are the Electrons in Atoms?
  5. Development of the Periodic Table
  6. The Modern Periodic Table
  7. Periodic Trends
  8. Properties of Main-Group Elements

The Personal Side: John Dalton
The Personal Side: Ernest Rutherford
The World of Chemistry: The Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The Personal Side: Niels Bohr
The World of Chemistry: Making Glass Stronger

CHAPTER 4 : NUCLEAR CHANGES

  1. The Discovery of Radioactivity
  2. Nuclear Reactions
  3. The Stability of Atomic Nuclei
  4. Activity and Rates of Nuclear Disintegrations
  5. Artificial Nuclear Reactions
  6. Transuranium Elements
  7. Radon and Other Sources of Background Radiation
  8. Useful Applications of Radioactivity
  9. Energy from Nuclear Reactions
  10. Useful Nuclear Energy

The Personal Side: The Curies
The World of Chemistry: A Revision to the Periodic Table
The Personal Side: Lise Meitner

CHAPTER 5: CHEMICAL BONDING AND STATES OF MATTER

  1. Ionic Bonds
  2. Ionic Compounds
  3. Covalent Bonds
  4. Shapes of Molecules
  5. Polar and Nonpolar Bonding
  6. Properties of Molecular and Ionic Compounds Compared
  7. Intermolecular Forces
  8. The States of Matter
  9. Gases and How We Use Them
  10. Water
  11. Solutions
  12. Solids

The Personal Side: Gilbert Newton Lewis
Frontiers in The World of Chemistry: Fullerenes

CHAPTER 6: CHEMICAL REACTIVITY: CHEMICALS IN ACTION

  1. Balanced Chemical Equations and What They Tell Us
  2. The Might Mole and the "How Much?" Question
  3. Rates and Reaction Pathways: The "How Fast?" Question
  4. Chemical Equilibrium and the "How Far?" Question
  5. The Driving Forces and the "Why?" Question
  6. Recycling: New Metal for Old

The Personal Side: Amadeo Avogadro
The World of Chemistry: A Catalyst in Action
The World of Chemistry: Energy, Entropy, and Industrial Design
Frontiers in the World of Chemistry: Green Design

CHAPTER 7: ACID-BASE REACTIONS

  1. Acids and Bases: Chemical Opposites
  2. The Strengths of Acids and Bases
  3. Molarity and The pH Scale
  4. Acid-Base Buffers
  5. Corrosive Cleaners
  6. Heartburn: Why Reach for an Antacid?

CHAPTER 8: OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS

  1. Oxidation and Reduction
  2. Oxidizing Agents: They Bleach and They Disinfect
  3. Reducing Agents: For Metallurgy and Good Health
  4. Batteries
  5. Electrolysis: Chemical Reactions Caused by Electron Flow
  6. Corrosion: Unwanted Oxidation-Reduction

The Personal Side: Richard Feynman and the Challenger Explosion
The World of Chemistry: The Pacemaker Story
Science and Society: Electric Automobiles: Moving off the Drawing Boards

CHAPTER 9: ENERGY AND HYDROCARBONS

  1. Energy From Fuels
  2. Alkanes - Backbone of Organic Chemistry
  3. Alkenes and Alkynes - Reactive Cousins of Alkanes
  4. The Cyclic Hydrocarbons
  5. Alcohols - Oxygen Comes on Board
  6. Petroleum
  7. Natural Gas
  8. Coal
  9. Methanol as a Fuel

Frontiers in the World of Chemistry: Organic Metals
The Personal Side: Percy Lavon Julian
Science and Society: Reformulated Gasoline Regulations

CHAPTER 10: ORGANIC CHEMICALS AND POLYMERS

  1. Organic Chemicals
  2. Alcohols and Their Oxidation Products
  3. Carboxylic Acids and Esters
  4. Organic Chemicals from Coal
  5. Synthetic Organic Polymers
  6. New Polymer Materials
  7. Recycling Plastics

Frontiers in the World of Chemistry: Chemical Peels
The World of Chemistry: Discovery of a Catalyst for Polyacrylonitrile Production
The World of Chemistry: Inventor of the Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Bottle
The Personal Side: Stephanie Louise Kwolek
Frontiers in the World of Chemistry: Elephants, Piano Keys, and Polymers

CHAPTER 11: THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE

  1. Handedness and Optical Isomerism
  2. Carbohydrates
  3. Lipids
  4. Soaps, Detergents, and Shampoos
  5. Creams and Lotions
  6. Amino Acids
  7. Peptides and Proteins
  8. Proteins Structure and Function
  9. Hair Protein and Permanent Waves
  10. Energy and Biochemical Systems
  11. Nucleic Acids

The World of Chemistry: Molecular Architecture
Frontiers in the World of Chemistry: Chiral Drugs
Science and Society: Cis and Trans Fatty Acids and Your Health
The World of Chemistry: Unraveling the Protein Structure

CHAPTER 12: NUTRITION: THE BASIS OF HEALTHY LIVING

  1. Digestion: It's Just Chemical Decomposition
  2. Energy: Use It or Store It
  3. Sugar and Polysaccharides, Digestible and Indigestible
  4. Lipids, Mostly Fats and Oils
  5. Proteins in the Diet
  6. Our Daily Diet
  7. Vitamins in the Diet
  8. Minerals in the Diet
  9. Food Additives
  10. Some Daily Diet Arithmetic

Frontiers in the World of Chemistry: Health Claims for Foods
Frontiers in the World of Chemistry: Olestra, A "Fat" for Calorie Counters

CHAPTER 13: CHEMISTRY AND MEDICINE

  1. Medicines, Prescription Drugs, and Diseases - The Top Tens
  2. Drugs for Infectious Diseases
  3. AIDS, A Viral Disease
  4. Steroid Hormones
  5. Neurotransmitters
  6. The Dose Makes the Poison
  7. Painkillers of All Kinds
  8. Mood-Altering Drugs, Legal and Not
  9. Colds, Allergies, and Other "Over-the-Counter" Conditions
  10. Preventive Maintenance: Sunscreens and Toothpaste
  11. Heart Disease
  12. Cancer, Carcinogens, and Anticancer Drugs

The Personal Side: Paul Ehrlich
The World of Chemistry: Folk Medicine
Frontiers in the World of Chemistry: Addictive Drugs.
The World of Chemistry: Toxic Substances in Perspective

CHAPTER 14: THE CHEMISTRY OF USEFUL MATERIALS

  1. The Whole Earth
  2. Chemicals from the Hydrosphere
  3. Metals and Their Ores
  4. Conductors, Semiconductors, and Superconductors
  5. From Rocks to Glass, Ceramics, and Cement

The World of Chemistry: Materials from the Earth
Frontiers in The World of Chemistry: Swords of Damascus Leave Legacy of Superplastic Steel
Frontiers in The World of Chemistry: Solar Electricity for Developing Regions
Science and Society: Asbestos

CHAPTER 15: WATER-PLENTY OF IT, BUT OF WHAT QUALITY?

  1. How Can There Be a Shortage of Something as Abundant as Water?
  2. Water Use and Reuse
  3. What Is the Difference Between Clean Water and Polluted Water?
  4. The Impact of Hazardous Industrial Wastes on Water Quality
  5. Household Wastes that Affect Water Quality
  6. Heavy Metals often Found in Water
  7. Measuring Water Pollution
  8. How Water is Purified Naturally
  9. Water Purification Processes: Classical and Modern
  10. Softening Hard Water
  11. Chlorination and Ozone Treatment of Water
  12. Fresh Water from the Sea
  13. Pure Drinking Water for the Home
  14. What About the Future?

Frontiers in The World of Chemistry: Arsenic-Eating Microbes
The World of Chemistry: Bioremediation of Hazardous Waste Sites

CHAPTER 16: AIR - THE PRECIOUS CANOPY

  1. Air - A Source of Pure Gases
  2. Doing Something About Polluted Air
  3. Air Pollutants - Particle Size Makes a Difference
  4. Smog
  5. Nitrogen Oxides
  6. Ozone and Its Role in Air Pollution
  7. Hydrocarbons and Air Pollution
  8. Sulfur Dioxide - A Major Primary Pollutant
  9. Acid Rain
  10. Carbon Monoxide
  11. Chlorofluorocarbons and the Ozone Layer
  12. Carbon Dioxide and the Greenhouse Effect
  13. Industrial Air Pollution
  14. Indoor Air Pollution

Frontiers in The World of Chemistry: Smog-Eating Radiators
The Personal Side: Susan Solomon
Science and Society: The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
Science and Society: Global Warming Controls Coming

CHAPTER 17: FEEDING THE WORLD

  1. World Population Growth
  2. What is Soil?
  3. Nutrients
  4. Fertilizers Supplement Natural Soils
  5. Protecting Plants in Order to Produce More Food
  6. Sustainable Agriculture
  7. Agricultural Genetic Engineering

The World of Chemistry: Nitrogen Fixation
Frontiers in The World of Chemistry: Trying to Mimic Nature
The Personal Side: Fritz Haber
Science and Society: Ammonium Nitrate - A Dilemma
The World of Chemistry: Pheromones

APPENDICES/GLOSSARY
Appendix A: Significant Digits
Appendix B: Scientific Notation
Appendix C: Units of Measure, Unit Conversion, and Problem Solving
Appendix D: Naming Organic Compounds
Appendix E: Answers to Self Tests and Matching Sets
Appendix F: Answers to Exercises
Appendix G: Answers to Selected Questions and Problems

Glossary
Index

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