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Worlds of History : A Comparative Reader, Volume I

Worlds of History : A Comparative Reader, Volume I - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0312157890

Cover of Worlds of History : A Comparative Reader, Volume I 00 (ISBN 978-0312157890)
ISBN13: 978-0312157890
ISBN10: 0312157894
Edition: 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: St. Martins Press, Inc.
Published: 2000
International: No

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Worlds of History : A Comparative Reader, Volume I - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0312157890

Kevin Reilly

ISBN13: 978-0312157890
ISBN10: 0312157894
Edition: 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: St. Martins Press, Inc.
Published: 2000
International: No

A comparative reader that offers a dynamic balance of primary and secondary sources, Worlds of History invites students to make connections across cultures while teaching them to think like historians. The 92 readings in volume 1 and 91 readings in volume 2 combine global coverage, topical balance, and new scholarship, expanding on the features of Kevin Reilly's best-selling Readings in World Civilizations. Each chapter focuses on a key global theme, enabling students to compare and contrast different cultures, regions, and peoples. Abundant editorial apparatus includes two-part chapter introductions, selection headnotes, focused prereading questions, and a Reflections section at the end of each chapter asks students to reconsider the chapter as a whole.

Author Bio

Reilly, Kevin : Raritan Valley Community College

Kevin Reilly is professor of humanities at Raritan Valley Community College and has taught at Rutgers, Columbia, and Princeton Universities. Cofounder and first president of the World History Association, Reilly wrote The West and the World (new edition forthcoming). He was a Fulbright scholar in Brazil (1989) and Jordan (1994). In 1992, the Community College Humanities Association named him Distinguished Educator of the Year.

Table of Contents

Volume I: To 1550


1. Origins and History

Historical Context: Natural History and Human History, 5 Billion-5 Thousand Years Ago
Thinking Historically: Making Time Lines
1. Carl Sagan, From The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Origins of Human Intelligence
2. John Noble Wilford, Three Fossil Discoveries Clarify the Murky Origins of Life
3. Mary Kilbourne Matossian, From Hominids to Human Beings
4. Brenda Fowler, Find Suggests Weaving Preceded Settled Life
5. John Noble Wilford, The Seeds of History: A Find in Mexico

2. Women and the Origins of Patriarchy

Historical Context: Gathering, Agricultural, and Urban Societies, 20,000-3000 B.C.E.
Thinking Historically: Distinguishing Dates from Stages
6. Marjorie Shostak, From Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman
7. Elise Boulding, Women and the Agricultural Revolution
8. Gerda Lerner, The Urban Revolution: Origins of Patriarchy

3. The Urban Revolution and "Civilization"

Historical Context: Mesopotamia and Egypt, 3500-1000 B.C.E.
Thinking Historically: Distinguishing Primary and Secondary Sources
9. Kevin Reilly, Cities and Civilization
10. From The Epic of Gilgamesh
11. From Hammurabi's Code
12. Setne Khamwas and Naneferkaptah

4. Identity in Caste versus Territorial Societies

Historical Context: Greece and India, 1000-300 B.C.E.
Thinking Historically: Interpreting Primary Sources in Light of a Secondary Source
13. William H. McNeill, Greek and Indian Civilization
14. From the Rig-Veda: Sacrifice as Creation
15. From the Upanishads: Karma and Reincarnation
16. From the Upanishads: Brahman and Atman
17. From the Bhagavad Gita: Caste and Self
18. Aristotle, From The Athenian Constitution: Territorial Sovereignty
19. Thucydides, The Funeral Oration of Pericles
20. Plato, From The Republic

5. Empire and Officialdom: Bureaucracy, Law, and Individuality

Historical Context: China and Rome, 300 B.C.E.-300 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Using Biography in History
21. Patricia Buckley Ebrey, The Creation of the Bureaucratic Empire
22. Sima Qian, The Annals of Qin
23. Sima Qian, The Builder of the Great Wall
24. Nicholas Purcell, Rome: The Arts of Government
25. Plutarch, Cicero
26. Cicero, Against Verres
27. Suetonius, Augustus

6. Tribal to Universal Religion

Historical Context: Hindu-Buddhist and Judeo-Christian Traditions, 1000 B.C.E.-100 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Detecting Change in Primary Sources
28. Svetasvatara Upanishad
29. Buddhism: Gotama's Discovery
30. The Buddha's First Sermon
31. Buddhism and Caste
32. The Bible: History, Laws, and Psalms
33. The Bible: Prophets and Apocalypse
34. Christianity: Jesus According to Matthew

7. Missionaries, Monasteries, and Conversions

Historical Context: Expansion of Salvation Religions, 500 B.C.E.-600 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Examining Sources for Opposing Views
35. St. Paul, From Letter to the Galatians
36. From The Acts of the Apostles
37. Pliny Consults the Emperor Trajan
38. Eusebius, From The Life of Constantine
39. Mahayana Buddhism
40. Confucius, From The Analects
41. Lao Tzu, From the Tao Te Ching
42. Buddhism in China: From The Disposition of Error
43. The Introduction of Buddhism into Japan: From The Chronicles of Japan

8. Medieval Civilizations

Historical Context: European, Islamic, and Chinese Societies, 600-1300 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Distinguishing Social, Economic, Political and Cultural Aspects
44. Feudalism: An Oath of Homage and Fealty
45. Manorialism: Duties of a Villein
46. From the Magna Carta
47. From The Koran
48. Sayings Ascribed to the Prophet
49. J. J. Saunders, Civilization of Medieval Islam
50. Ichisada Miyazaki, The Chinese Civil Service Exam
51. Liu Tsung-yuan, Camel Kuo the Gardener
52. Rules for the Fan Lineage's Charitable Estate

9. Love and Marriage

Historical Context: Medieval Societies and Cultures, 1000-1200 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Developing Comparisons from Sources
53. Li Ch'ing-chao, A Wife's Collection
54. Murasaki Shikibu, From The Tale of Genji
55. Sei Shonagon, From The Pillow Book
56. Umar Kayyám, From The Rubáiyát
57. Andreas Capellanus, From The Art of Courtly Love

10. The First Crusade

Historical Context: Muslims, Christians, and Jews during the First Crusade, 1095-1099 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Analyzing and Writing Narrative
58. Amin Maalouf, From The Crusades Through Arab Eyes
59. Anna Comnena, From The Alexiad
60. Wiliam of Tyre, Peter the Hermit
61. Robert the Monk, Pope Urban II's Call to the First Crusade
62. Chronicle of Solomon Bar Simson
63. Count Stephen of Blois, Letter from Antioch
64. Raymond of St. Giles, Count of Toulouse, The Capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders

11. Technology, Ecology, and Science

Historical Context: Europe, Asia, and Africa, 500-1500 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Recognizing and Explaining Major Changes and Using Pictorial Evidence
65. Lynn White Jr., The Historical Roots of our Ecological Crisis
66. Life of Boniface: Converting the Hessians
67. Image from Cistercian Manuscript, Twelfth Century
68. Image from Calendar, Fifteenth Century
69. Fan Kuan, Image of Chinese Landscape
70. Wen Zhengming, Image of Chinese Nature to Depict Human Strength
71. Lynda Shaffer, Southernization

12. "Barbarians" and Mongols

Historical Context: Mongol Eurasia, 1200-1350 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Making Moral Judgments about History
72. Gregory Guzman, Were the Barbarians a Negative or Positive Factor in Ancient and Medieval History?
73. David Morgan, From The Mongols
74. From The Secret History of the Mongols
75. John of Plano Carpini, From History of the Mongols
76. Guyuk Khan, Letter to Pope Innocent IV
77. From The Journey of William of Rubrick
78. Images from Rashid al-Din Fadl Allah
Mongol Cavalry in Pursuit
Mongols Taking Prisoners

13. Cities: Contrast and Convergence

Historical Context: European, Chinese, and Islamic Cities, 900-1500 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Evaluating Alternate Theses and Using Maps
79. Charter of Henry I for London, 1130-1133
80. Gregorio Dati, Corporations and Community in Florence
81. Marco Polo, From The Travels of Marco Polo
82. Ira M. Lapidus, Muslim Cities and Islamic Societies
Map of Cairo, 1441
Map of Baghdad, 770-950 C.E.
Map of Florence, Twelfth-Fourteenth Century
Illustration of Florence, 1470
83. S. D. Gotien, Cairo: An Islamic City in Light of the Geniza
84. Ross E. Dunn, From The Adventures of Ibn Battuta
Map of India, Sultanate, 1325-1351
Map of Delhi, Fourteenth Century
85. Al Omari, Mali in the Fourteenth Century

14. The Spanish Conquest of Mexico

Historical Context: The Spanish Conquest of Mexico and "the Indies," 1500-1550 C.E.
Thinking Historically: Understanding How and Why Events are Reinterpreted
86. Bernal Díaz, From The Conquest of New Spain
Map of Tenochtitlán (Mexico City)
Detail of Central Square
87. From The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico
88. Bartolomé de Las Casas, From The History of the Indies
Indians Mining Silver
Three Native Americans
Indians Retaliating
89. Carlos Fuentes, From The Buried Mirror
90. Alfred Crosby, From The Columbian Exchange

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