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Aging, Physical Activity, and Health

Aging, Physical Activity, and Health - 97 edition

Aging, Physical Activity, and Health - 97 edition

ISBN13: 9780873228893

ISBN10: 0873228898

Aging, Physical Activity, and Health by Roy Shepard - ISBN 9780873228893
Edition: 97
Copyright: 1997
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
International: No
Aging, Physical Activity, and Health by Roy Shepard - ISBN 9780873228893

ISBN13: 9780873228893

ISBN10: 0873228898

Edition: 97

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In Aging, Physical Activity, and Health, Roy J. Shephard, one of the world's leading authorities on exercise science, reviews and synthesizes the scientific literature on the physiological changes of aging and how regular physical activity affects the aging process.

Shephard's critical analysis features the latest theories on how aging and exercise affect such medical conditions as cardiorespiratory disease, musculoskeletal diseases, metabolic health, mental function, and general well-being. He provides conclusive physiological evidence that exercise is effective for reducing the risk of many diseases, maximizing independence, and improving the quality of life for the elderly. Shephard also discusses the economic and social consequences of an aging society.

More than 1,700 references make this book an excellent resource for those who want to investigate specific areas of aging and activity.

Author Bio

Shephard, Roy J. : University of Toronto

Roy J. Shephard, MD, PhD, DPE, is professor emeritus of Applied Physiology at the University of Toronto and resident scholar in Health Studies at Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario. He has spent more than three decades as a researcher, consultant, teacher, and administrator exploring the relationships among regular physical activity, aging, and health.

Dr. Shephard has held many distinguished positions and has received many honors. He has served as the president of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), president of the Canadian Association of Sports Sciences (CASS--now known as the Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology), and vice president of the International Committee for Physical Fitness Research. In 1985 he was given the CASS Honor Award, and in 1991 he received a Citation from ACSM. He is also a two-time recipient of the Philip Noel Baker Research Prize, and he has received honorary doctorates from the University of Ghent (Belgium) and the University of Montreal.

Dr. Shephard is the author of more than 1,200 publications, including nearly 70 books, and he has served as editor-in-chief of the Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. In his leisure time, Dr. Shephard enjoys walking, swimming, cycling, choral singing, and stamp collecting.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Demographics of Aging

Definition of the Elderly / Interindividual Differences / Life Span and Overall Age Distribution / Influences of Gender and Inheritance / Socioeconomic Influences / Physical Activity Patterns / Health, Economic, and Social Consequences of an Aging Society / Potential Importance of Maintaining an Active Lifestyle / Conclusions

Chapter 2. Current Theories of Aging

Metaphors of Aging / Molecular Changes / Microstructural and Cellular Changes / Conclusions

Chapter 3. Impact of Aging on Major Physiological Systems at Rest and During Submaximal and Maximal Exercise

General Considerations / Aging, Body Build, and Body Composition / Aging of the Cardiovascular System / Aging of the Respiratory System / Overall Metabolic Response to Exercise / Visceral Functions / Aging of the Nervous System / Regulation of Homeostasis and Aging of the Endocrine System / Aging of the Immune System / Conclusions

Chapter 4. Impact of Regular Physical Activity on

Age-Associated Changes in Physiological Systems Body Composition / Cardiorespiratory System / Muscular Strength and Flexibility / Central Nervous System / Endocrine System and Metabolism / Immune System / Risks of Increased Physical Activity in Older People / Lessons From Older Athletes / Age Limits to Functional Restoration / Conclusions


Chapter 5. Physical Activity and Diseases of the Cardiorespiratory System

Ischemic Heart Disease / Stroke / Hypertension / Peripheral Vascular Disease / Congestive Heart Failure / End-Stage Renal Disease / Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease / Conclusions

Chapter 6. Physical Activity and Musculoskeletal Disease

Sarcopenia / Specific Muscular Dystrophies / Rheumatoid Arthritis / Osteoarthritis / Osteoporosis / Conclusions

Chapter 7. Physical Activity and Metabolic Health

Malnutrition / Obesity / Diabetes Mellitus / Hypercholesterolemia and an Adverse Lipid Profile / Cancers / Conclusions

Chapter 8. Physical Activity, Function, and Well-Being

Physical Disability / Quality of Life / Conclusions


Chapter 9. The Aging Labor Force

Labor Force Demographics / Aging and Employment / Personal Productivity and Aging / Enhancing the Productivity of the Older Worker / Conclusions

Chapter 10. Implications of Aging for Society

Job Equity in Hiring, Promotion, and Retirement / Assessment of Job Demands and Worker Performance / Demand for Medical Services and Institutional Support / Costs and Benefits of Greater Physical Activity / Conclusions

About the Author