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American Literature, American Culture

American Literature, American Culture - 99 edition

American Literature, American Culture - 99 edition

ISBN13: 9780195085211

ISBN10: 0195085213

American Literature, American Culture by Gordon Hutner - ISBN 9780195085211
Edition: 99
Copyright: 1999
Publisher: Oxford University Press
International: No
American Literature, American Culture by Gordon Hutner - ISBN 9780195085211

ISBN13: 9780195085211

ISBN10: 0195085213

Edition: 99

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American Literature, American Culture is the first anthology of American literary criticism to appear in many years. Its focus is the tradition of American literary criticism as cultural critique and includes essays which debate the social and political importance of American writing. These documents draw from the early years of the republic, through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Their shared concerns are the terms on which a national literature might be based, the complications of gender and class and the challenges posed by race in identifying a national cultural. The anthology also features a substantial selection of recent essays.

Author Bio

Hutner, Gordon : University of Wisconsin-Madison

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1. St. Jean de Crevecoeur, "What Is an American?"
2. Toward a Definition of American Literature (selections):

Charles Brockden Brown, "To the Public"
William Tudor, Excerpt from North American Review
James Kirk Paulding, "National Literature"
Edgar Allan Poe, "Marginalia"
William Gilmore Simms, "Americanism in Literature"

3. Margaret Fuller, "American Literature"
4. Ralph Waldo Emerson, "The American Scholar"
5. Cornelius Mathews, "Nationality in Literature"
6. Theodore Parker, "The American Scholar"
7. Nathaniel Hawthorne, prefaces to The House of the Seven Gables, Blithedale Romance, and The Marble Faun
8. Herman Melville, "Hawthorne and His Mosses"
9. Frederick Douglass, "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro"
10. Mary E. Bryan, "How Should Women Write?"
11. Walt Whitman, "Democratic Vistas"
12. Henry James, From "Hawthorne"
13. William Dean Howells, From Criticism and Fiction
14. Mark Twain, "Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offences"
15. The Great American Novel (selections):

William De Forest, "The Great American Novel"
Thomas S. Perry, "American Novels"
Robert Herrick, "The American Novel"
Edith Wharton, "The Great American Novel"


1. W.E.B. Du Bois, "The Sorrow Songs"
2. Gertrude Atherton, "Why Is American Literature Bourgeois?"
3. George Santayana, "The Genteel Tradition in American Philosophy"
4. Van Wyck Brooks, "On Creating a Usable Past"
5. Irving Babbitt, "The Critic and American Life"
6. H.L. Mencken, "The American Novel"
7. Alain Locke, "The New Negro"
8. Mike Gold, "Proletarian Realism"
9. John Crowe Ransom, "Reconstructed but Unregenerate"
10. Constance Rourke, from American Humor
11. Zora Neale Hurston, "Charactersitics of Negro Expression"
12. Kenneth Burke, "Literature as Equipment for Living"
13. J. Saunders Redding, "The Forerunners"
14. Philip Rahv, "The Cult of Experience in American Writing"
15. R.P. Blackmur, "The Economy of the American Writer"

III. POSTWAR ERA, 1945-1970

1. F.O. Matthiessen, "The Responsibilities of the Critic"
2. Leslie Fiedler, "Come Back to the Raft Ag'in, Huck Honey!"
3. Lionel Trilling, "Reality in America"
4. Ralph Ellison, "Richard Wright's Blues"
5. James Baldwin, "Everybody's Protest Novel"
6. T.S. Eliot, "American Liteature and the American Language"
7. Henry Nash Smith, "The Myth of the Garden and Turner's Frontier Hypothesis"
8. Perry Miller, "Errance into the Wilderness"
9. Americo Paredes, "The Hero's Progress"
10. Edmund Wilson, "Harriet Beecher Stowe"
11. Dwight MacDonald, "Masscult and Midcult"
12. Alfred Kazin, "The Jew as Modern American Writer"
13. Adrienne Rich, "Vesuvius at Home: The Power of Emily Dickinson"


1. Nina Baym, "Melodramas of Beset Manhood: How Theories of American Fiction Exclude Women Authors"
2. William Boelhower, "A Modest Ethnic Proposal"
3. Jane Tompkins, "'But Is It Any Good?': The Institutionalization of Literary Value"
4. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., "Writing, 'Race,' and the Difference It Makes"
5. Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, "The Beast in the Closet: James and the Writing of Homosexual Panic"
6. Hortense J. Spillers, "Mama's Baby, Papa's Maybe: An American Grammar Book"
7. Sacvan Bercovitch, "Hawthorne's A-Morality of Compromise"
8. Toni Morrison, "Unspeakable Things Unspoken: The Afro-American Presence in American Literature"
9. Walter Benn Michaels, "The Vanishing American"
10. Fredric Jameson, "The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism"
11. Gloria Anzaldua, "How to Tame a Wild Tongue"
12. Lawrence Buell, "American Literary Emergence as a Postcolonial Phenomenon"