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Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students

Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students - 5th edition

Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students - 5th edition

ISBN13: 9780205175482

ISBN10: 0205175481

Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students by Sharon Crowley - ISBN 9780205175482
Cover type: Hardback
Edition: 5TH 12
Copyright: 2012
Publisher: Longman, Inc.
International: No
Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students by Sharon Crowley - ISBN 9780205175482

ISBN13: 9780205175482

ISBN10: 0205175481

Cover type: Hardback
Edition: 5TH 12

List price: $140.00

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Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students revives the classical strategies of ancient Greek and Roman rhetoricians and adapts them to the needs of contemporary writers and speakers.

This fresh interpretation of the ancient canons of composing--invention, arrangement, style, memory, and delivery--shows that rhetoric, as it was practiced and taught by the ancients, was an intrinsic part of daily life and of communal discourse about current events. The book presents stasis theory, common and special topics, formal topics, ethos, pathos, extrinsic proofs, and Aristotelian means of reasoning, and it places particular emphasis on the classic balance between principles and practice by offering ample opportunities for students to develop habits of rhetorical thinking and composing. The authors' engaging discussion and their many contemporary examples of ancient rhetorical principles present rhetoric as a set of flexible, situational practices. This practical history draws the most relevant and useful concepts from ancient rhetorics and discusses, updates, and offers them for use in the contemporary composition classroom.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Part One: Invention

Chapter 1: Ancient Rhetorics: Their Differences and the Differences They Make

Ancient Rhetorics: The Beginnings

Comparing Ancient and Contemporary Rhetorics

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Proofs

That's Just Your Opinion

On Ideology and the Commonplaces

Language as Power; Language as Action

Practice, Practice, Practice


Progymnasmata I: Fable

Composing Fables

Progymnasmata II: Tale

Composing Tales


Works Cited

Chapter 2: Kairos and the Rhetorical Situation: Seizing the Moment

Ancient Depictions of Kairos

Kairos, Change, and Rhetorical Situations

Kairos as a Means of Invention

How Urgent or Immediate is the Issue?

Arguments and Interests

The trigger and the damage done

Freedom, yes, but which one?

Power Dynamics in a Rhetorical Situation

A Web of Related Issues

Rhetorical Activities

Progymnasmata II: Chreia

Progymnasmata: Chreia

Works Cited

Chapter 3: Achieving Stasis by Asking the Right Questions

On Inventing: How to Proceed

The Importance of Achieving Stasis

Theoretical Versus Practical Questions

The Four Questions

A Simple Example

Expanding the Questions

Questions of Quality: Simple or Complex

Questions of Policy

Using the Stases

Rhetorical Activities

Pro-life Arguments

Pro-choice Arguments

Progymnasmata III: Proverb


Rhetorical Exercises: Proverb


Works Cited

Chapter 4: The Common Topics and the Commonplaces: Finding the Available Means

Aristotle's Topical System

The Common Topics

The Common Topic of Past and Future Fact (Conjecture)

The Common Topic of Greater/Lesser (Degree)

The Common Topic of Possible/Impossible

Commonplaces and Ideology

Commonplaces in American Political Rhetoric

Using Common Topics and Commonplaces to Invent Arguments

Rhetorical Activities

Progymnasmata IV: Common-place

Rhetorical Activities for Progymnasmata: Common-place


Works Cited

Chapter 5: Logical Proof: Reasoning in Rhetoric


Aristotle on Reasoning in Rhetoric




Rhetorical Examples

Historical Examples - Brief and Extended

Fictional Example


Similar and Contrary Examples

Using Examples



Rhetorical Activities

Progymnasmata V: Confirmation and Refutation

Exercises in Progymnasmata: Confirmation and Refutation

Works Cited

Chapter 6: Ethical Proof: Arguments from Character

Ethos in Ancient Rhetorics

Invented Ethos

Demonstrating Intelligence by Doing the Homework

Establishing Good Character

Securing Good Will

Situated Ethos

Rhetorical Activities

Progymnasmata VI: Character

Progymnasmata: Character

Works Cited

Chapter 7: Pathetic Proof: Passionate Appeals

Ancient Teachers on the Emotions

Emotions as Rhetorical Proofs

The Characters of Audiences and Rhetors

Composing Passionate Proofs


Honorific and Pejorative Language

Rhetorical Activities

Progymnasmata VII: Encomium and Invective, Description

Exercises: Encomium and Invective


Exercises: Description

Works Cited

Chapter 8: Extrinsic Proofs: Arguments Waiting to Be Used

Extrinsic Proofs in Ancient Rhetorics


Community Authorities

Evaluating Community Authorities

Proximate Authorities


Evaluating Data

Rhetorical Activities


Progymnasmata VIII: Introduction of Law

An Opposition of a Law That Permits Assault Weapons

Rhetorical Activities: Introduction of Law

Works Cited

Part Two: Arrangement

Chapter 9: Arrangement: Getting It Together

Ancient Teachings about Arrangement

The Exordium, or Beginning


Topics for Making Audiences Attentive and Receptive


The Narrative (Statement of the Case)

The Partition

The Arguments: Confirmation and Refutation

The Peroration (Conclusion)

Composing a Summary

Exciting Indignation Toward an Opponent Or the Opposing Position

Enhancing Ethos

An Extended Example

Rhetorical Activities

Progymnasmata IX: Thesis

Rhetorical Activities: Thesis


Works Cited

Part Three: Style, Memory, and Delivery

Chapter 10: Style: Composition and Ornament



Appropriateness: Kairos and Style


Sentence Composition

Paratactic and Periodic Styles

Figurative Language

Figures that Interrupt Normal Word Order

Figures of Repetition

Figures of Thought

Figures of Thought That Enhance Ethos

Figures of Thought That Involve Audience

Figures of Thought That Arouse Emotion

Figures of Thought Borrowed from Invention and Arrangement











Voice and Rhetorical Distance

Rhetorical Exercises


Works Cited

Chapter 11: Imitation

Imitation I: Reading Aloud and Copying

Imitation Exercise I: Reading Aloud and Copying

Imitation II: Inhabiting through Practice

Imitation Exercises II: Imitation

Imitation III: Translation and Paraphrase



Paraphrasing Poetry

Examples of Paraphrase

Paraphrase Exercises

Works Cited

Chapter 12: Delivery and Memory: Attending to Eyes and Ears

Ancient Commentary on Delivery

Delivery of Oral Discourse

Ancient Memory

Ancient Memory Systems

Delivery of Written Discourse


Correctness: Traditional Grammar and Usage

Visual Rhetoric

Ocular Demonstration

Textual Presentation

Klavika: A sans for the 21st century

Picture Theory

Digital Rhetors

Rhetorical Activities


Works Cited


Appendix: Signposts in Ancient Rhetorics


Suggestions for Further Readings



Other Editions of Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students

Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students by Sharon Crowley and Debra Hawhee - ISBN 9780205574438