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Applied Chemical Hydrogeology

Applied Chemical Hydrogeology - 01 edition

Applied Chemical Hydrogeology - 01 edition

ISBN13: 9780132709279

ISBN10: 0132709279

Applied Chemical Hydrogeology by Alan E. Kehew - ISBN 9780132709279
Edition: 01
Copyright: 2001
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.
International: No
Applied Chemical Hydrogeology by Alan E. Kehew - ISBN 9780132709279

ISBN13: 9780132709279

ISBN10: 0132709279

Edition: 01

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Offers an overall introduction to the field of chemical hydrology, useful to professionals from a wide variety of training backgrounds. Provides working professionals with an all-in-one source of reference to hydrogeological literature. Brings together basic concepts from organic chemistry and microbiology to support their applications to hydrogeology and presents examples from the literature that use these concepts. The emphasis is on practical, real-world problems, with coverage of the theoretical basics but a focus on applications. For hydrogeologists, environmental scientists, environmental specialists, soil scientists, and hydrologists.

Author Bio

Kehew, Alan E. : Western Michigan University

Alan E. Kehew was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. After graduation from Bucknell University in 1969, he received M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Montana State University and the University of Idaho, respectively. He spent three years as an environmental geologist with the North Dakota Geological Survey and six years in the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering at the University of North Dakota. For the past fourteen years he has been in the Department of Geosciences at Western Michigan University, where he currently serves as chair. His major research interests have been ground water quality and glacial deposits and processes. He is married and has three daughters.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with Problems.)

1. Chemical Principles.

Atomic Structure.
Chemical Bonding.
Aqueous Solutions and the Properties of Water.
Concentration and Unit Conversions.
Composition of Ground Water.
Charge-Balance Error.
Graphical Displays of Ground Water Chemistry.

2. Chemical Equilibrium and Kinetics.

The Meaning of Equilibrium.
Thermodynamics and Chemical Equilibrium.

3. Acid-Base Reactions and the Carbonate System.

Strength of Acids and Bases.
Natural Weak Acid-Strong Base Systems--The Carbonate System.
Carbonate Mineral Equilibria.
Ground Water Chemistry in Carbonate-Rock Aquifers.

4. Mineral Weathering and Mineral Surface Processes.

Primary Minerals and Weathering Products.
Dissolution Processes and Equilibria.
Sorption and Ion Exchange.

5. Redox Reactions and Processes.

Electron Transfer Reactions.
Field Measurement of Eh. PE-PH Diagrams.
Natural Redox Conditions in Aquifers.

6. Structures, Properties, and Occurrence of Organic Compounds in Ground Water.

Properties That Influence Phase Partitioning of Organic Compounds.
Classes of Organic Compounds and Their Occurrence in Ground Water.

7. Biotransformation of Organic Compounds.

Characteristics, Growth, and Metabolism of Subsurface.
Heterotrophic Microbial Metabolism and Ground Water.
Chemolithotrophic Processes.
Kinetic Factors.
Biodegradation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the Subsurface.
Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents in the Subsurface.

8. Applications of Isotopes in Hydrogeology.

Stable Isotopes.

9. Chemical Changes in Ground Water Flow Systems.

Ground Water Flow Systems and Water Chemistry.

10. Hydrogeochemistry of Contaminants.

Municipal Solid Waste Landfills.
Industrial Landfills and Liquid Waste Disposal.
Sewage Disposal.
Contamination of Ground Water by Agriculture and Other Nonpoint Sources.