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Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies

Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies - 00 edition

Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies - 00 edition

ISBN13: 9780195123869

ISBN10: 0195123867

Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies by David P.  Ed. Barash - ISBN 9780195123869
Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: Oxford University Press
International: No
Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies by David P.  Ed. Barash - ISBN 9780195123869

ISBN13: 9780195123869

ISBN10: 0195123867

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 00

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Approaches to Peace provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of classic articles and short literary selections focusing on the diverse aspects of peace and conflict studies. Readings cover the causes of war and proposed means of preventing it's so called negative peace and also reflect upon the universal concern for positive peace. The material examines nonviolence movements, peace movements, religious inspirations, and our future prospects for peace. Contributors include Johan Galtung, Kenneth Boulding, Elise Boulding, and Alva Mydral. Contemporary pieces by Jonathan Schell, Richard Falk, Betty Reardon, and Vaclav Havel, and timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, the Bhagavad Gita, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Thoreau are included as well. The book's balanced and unbiased approach makes it easily adaptable to both general discussions of peace and conflict as well as the rapidly changing issues of the moment. Approaches to Peace is able to stand on its own as a foundation text in any introductory peace studies course. It is also compact enough to use as a supplement with more specialized readings, allowing instructors to assign additional readings consistent with their own particular orientation. Each selection is prefaced by a short introduction highlighting the author's background, the work's historical context, and the selection's significance in terms of the "big picture." Study questions and a list of suggested readings at the end of each selection also provide a useful resource for students.

  • General an unbiased approach allows instructors to supplement text with more specific articles on rapidly changing current issues to tailor their courses

Author Bio

Barash, David P. : University of Washington - Seattle

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1. Approaches to War

Why War?, Sigmund Freud
On Aggression, Konrad Z. Lorenz
Warfare is Only an Invention - Not a Biological Necessity, Margaret Mead
War and Other Essays, William Graham Sumner
The Guns of August, Margaret Tushman
Victims of Groupthink, Irving Janis
The Causes of War, Michael Howard
A Structural Theory of Imperialism, John Galtung
National Images and International Systems, Kenneth Boulding
Glamorized Nationalism: Some Examples in Poetry
Redefining Security: The New Global Schisms, Michael T. Klare
Study Questions
Suggested Reading

2. Building "Negative Peace"

The Moral Equivalent of War, William James
Getting to YES, Roger Fisher & William Ury
Disarmament Demands GRIT, Charles Osgood
The Conduct of Just and Limited War, William V. O'Brien
The Game of Disarmament, Alva Myrdal
The Gift of Time, Jonathon Schell
Finding the Future: The Rolse of Economic Conversion in Shaping the Twenty-First Century, Lloyd J. Dumas
International Law, David P. Barash
The Evolution of United National Peacekeeping, Marrack Goulding
Perpetual Peace, Immanuel Kant
Study Questions
Suggested Readings

3. Building "Positive Peace"

The Land Ethic, Aldo Leopold
Human Rights, David P. Barash
The Pedagogy of the Oppressed, P. Friere
An Agenda for Change, Oxfam
Letter From a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr.)
Study Questions
Suggested Readings

4. Nonviolence

Civil Disobedience, Henry David Thoreau
Letter to Ernst Howard Crosby, Leo Tolstoy
Conscientious Objector, Edna St. Vincent Millay
Neither Victims Nor Executioners, Albert Camus
Ahimsa, or the Way of Nonviolence, Mohandas Gandhi
Civilian Resitance as a National Defense, Gene Sharp
Study Questions
Suggested Readings

5. Religious Inspiration

The Bhagavad Gita, Hindu
Tao De Ching, Taoist
Being Peace: Richt Nhat Hanh, Buddhist
The Old Testament, Jewish
The New Testament, Christian
Holy Disobedience, A.J. Muste
A Devout Meditation on Behalf of Adolf Eichmann, Thomas Menton
A Christian's View of the Arms Race, George F. Kennan
Study Questions
Suggested Readings

6. Peace Movements, Transformations, and the Future

Peace Movements in History, Nigel Young
Building Utopias in History, Elise Boulding
On Humane Governance, Richard Falk
Sexism and the War System, Betty Reardon
The Politics of Responsibility, Vaclav Havel
A Few Poetic Visions
Study Questions
Suggested Readings

Other Editions of Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies

Approaches to Peace A Reader in Peace Studies: A Reader in Peace Studies by David P. Barash - ISBN 9780195382860