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Art of Questioning : An Introduction to Critical Thinking

Art of Questioning : An Introduction to Critical Thinking - 04 edition

Art of Questioning : An Introduction to Critical Thinking - 04 edition

ISBN13: 9780130936998

ISBN10: 0130936995

Art of Questioning : An Introduction to Critical Thinking by Daniel Flage - ISBN 9780130936998
Edition: 04
Copyright: 2004
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.
International: No
Art of Questioning : An Introduction to Critical Thinking by Daniel Flage - ISBN 9780130936998

ISBN13: 9780130936998

ISBN10: 0130936995

Edition: 04

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For undergraduate level courses in Critical Thinking, and Writing courses.

With a systematic approach to critical thinking, this volume begins with issues concerning words, examines techniques for evaluating explanations and arguments, and concludes by applying all the skills to reading essays and writing argumentative essays. With examples and exercises that show the scope to which critical thinking skills can and should be applied, this volume recognizes the difference in learning styles with a student friendly approach.


  • Systematic approach to critical thinking -- Provides an accessible discussion of issues concerning words, descriptions, and explanations before turning to arguments, and provides a step-by-step procedure for writing argumentative essays.
  • Takes students from basic issues concerning words, through the evaluation of arguments, to large-scale applications and applying all the skills to reading and writing argumentative essays.
  • Combines intellectual rigor with student-friendly presentation -- Introduces both six rules for evaluating syllogisms and the Venn diagram approach.
  • Provides students with different learning styles with a way to find a missing premise in a categorical syllogism.
  • Categorical propositions and the Venn Diagram technique for evaluating categorical syllogisms.
  • Provides students with techniques for determining what premise will yield a valid syllogism.
  • Over 1200 exercises and discussion questions.
  • Enables students to see how the elements discussed play out in the real world.
  • Examples and exercises from many distinct areas -- Drawn from classical literature, textbooks, novels, self-help manuals, motion pictures, advertisements, newspapers and magazines.
  • Provides students with examples drawn from real-world sources that cover a broad base of subjects areas, rather than focusing solely on politics, newspapers and popular magazines or informal fallacies.
  • Detailed discussion of writing -- Including issues germane to nonargumentative and nonexplanatory uses of language, as well extensive discussion on the description function of language.
  • Provides students with concrete, usable guidelines that tie in all skills learned throughout the book.
  • Assessing observation claims and testimony.
  • Provides students with strategies for determining what is claimed by a statement or what is required by a command, as well as the various questions students should ask in reading descriptions and some hazards of drawing inferences from descriptions.
  • Informal fallacies discussion follows discussions of arguments and argumentative weaknesses.
  • Provides students with a foundation to assess argument as persuasive discourse and argument as a discourse providing reasons to accept a conclusion.
  • What Follows? problems.
  • Provide students with simple proofs that include a step-by-step symbolic derivation of the conclusion.
  • 25 fallacies.
  • Sensitizes students to the sorts of problems that arise when examining the content of arguments.

Author Bio

Flage, Daniel : James Madison University

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1. The Informative Function of Language.
2. The Directive Function of Language.
3. The Emotive Function of Language.
4. Descriptive Passages.
5. Explanations.


6. Deduction.
7. Induction.
8. Recognizing Arguments.
9. Tree Diagrams for Arguments.


10. Observations: When Should Seeing Be Believing?
11. Testimony: Whom Do You Trust?
12. Values and Obligations: What Should You Do?


13. Categorical Propositions.
14. Categorical Syllogisms.
15. Rules for Judging Validity.
16. Venn Diagrams for Judging Validity.
17. Missing Premises and Conclusions.
18. Conversion, Obversion, and Squares of Opposition.
19. Living in the "Real World."


20. Simple and Compound Statements.
21. Truth Tables.
22. Common Propositional Argument Forms.
23. Enthymemes, Argument Chains, and Other Hazards.
24. Some Logical Equivalences.


25. Analogies.
26. Generalizations and Surveys.
27. Hypotheses, Explanations, and Argument to the Best Explanation.


28. Fallacies of Ambiguity.
29. Fallacies of Relevance.
30. Fallacies of Presumption.
31. Fallacies of Weak Induction.


32. How to Read an Essay.
33. How to Write an Argumentative Essay.
Solutions to the Odd Numbered Problems.