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by David Kelley

Cover type: PaperbackEdition: 3RD 98

Copyright: 1998

Publisher: W.W. Norton & Co.

Published: 1998

International: No

List price: $104.00

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- Inviting prose
- Lucid style
- Familiar language
- Practical applications
- Real-world examples

"David Kelley succeeded in writing not only a philosophically rigorous logic textbook, but, more importantly, [one that is] accessible to students." Vincente Medina, Seton Hall University

"Excellent. I have used The Art of Reasoning many times and recommended it to many colleagues, several of whom used it as well. I find this book vastly superior to the multitude of other texts available for this course." Aeon Skoble, Southeast Missouri State University Contents

Preface

**CHAPTER 1 -- INTRODUCTION**

Thinking Skills

Objectivity

**PART ONE -- CONCEPTS AND PROPOSITIONS**

**CHAPTER 2 -- CLASSIFICATION**

Concepts and Referents

Rules and Classification

Levels of Organization

**CHAPTER 3 -- DEFINITIONS**

The Functions of a Definition

Rules for Definitions

Constructing Definitions

**CHAPTER 4 -- PROPOSITIONS**

Propositions and Sentences

Propositions and Word Meaning

Propositions and Grammar

**PART TWO -- ARGUMENTS**

**CHAPTER 5 -- BASIC ARGUMENT ANALYSIS**

Elements of Reasoning

Diagramming Arguments

Logical Strength

Implicit Premises

**CHAPTER 6 -- FALLACIES**

Subjectivist Fallacies

Fallacies Involving Credibility

Fallacies of Context

Fallacies of Logical Structure

**CHAPTER 7 -- ADVANCED ARGUMENT ANALYSIS**

Distilling an Argument

Diagramming Debates

**PART THREE -- CLASSICAL DEDUCTIVE LOGIC**

**CHAPTER 8 -- CATEGORICAL PROPOSITIONS**

Standard Form

The Square of Opposition

Existential Import

Distribution

Immediate Inference

Venn Diagrams

**CHAPTER 9 -- CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISMS**

The Structure of a Syllogism

Validity

Enthymemes

Rules of Validity

Venn Diagrams

The Cancellation Method

**CHAPTER 10 -- DISJUNCTIVE AND HYPOTHETICAL SYLLOGISMS**

Disjunctive Syllogisms

Hypothetical Propositions

Hypothetical Syllogisms

**CHAPTER 11 -- SYLLOGISMS IN ORDINARY REASONING**

Distilling Deductive Arguments

Extended Arguments

**PART FOUR -- MODERN DEDUCTIVE LOGIC**

**CHAPTER 12 -- PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC: SYMBOLIC NOTATION**

Connectives

Statement Forms

Computing Truth Tables

**CHAPTER 13 -- PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC: ARGUMENTS**

Truth Table Test of Validity

Truth Table Test-Short Form

Proof

Equivalence

Conditional Proof and Reductio Ad Absurdum

**CHAPTER 14 -- PREDICATE LOGIC**

Quantifiers

General Statements

Relations and Multiple Quantification

Proof

**PART FIVE -- INDUCTIVE LOGIC**

**CHAPTER 15 -- INDUCTIVE GENERALIZATIONS**

Generalizing

Causality

Agreement and Difference

Concomitant Variations and Residues

**CHAPTER 16 -- ARGUMENT BY ANALOGY**

Analogy and Similarity

Analysis and Evaluation

**CHAPTER 17 -- STATISTICAL REASONING**

Logic and Statistics

Using Statistics in Argument

Statistical Generalization

Statistical Evidence of Causality

**CHAPTER 18 -- EXPLANATION**

Explanation and Argument

Adequacy

The Truth of Hypotheses

Answers to Practice Quizzes

Glossary

Index

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Summary

- Inviting prose
- Lucid style
- Familiar language
- Practical applications
- Real-world examples

"David Kelley succeeded in writing not only a philosophically rigorous logic textbook, but, more importantly, [one that is] accessible to students." Vincente Medina, Seton Hall University

"Excellent. I have used The Art of Reasoning many times and recommended it to many colleagues, several of whom used it as well. I find this book vastly superior to the multitude of other texts available for this course." Aeon Skoble, Southeast Missouri State University Contents

Table of Contents

Preface

**CHAPTER 1 -- INTRODUCTION**

Thinking Skills

Objectivity

**PART ONE -- CONCEPTS AND PROPOSITIONS**

**CHAPTER 2 -- CLASSIFICATION**

Concepts and Referents

Rules and Classification

Levels of Organization

**CHAPTER 3 -- DEFINITIONS**

The Functions of a Definition

Rules for Definitions

Constructing Definitions

**CHAPTER 4 -- PROPOSITIONS**

Propositions and Sentences

Propositions and Word Meaning

Propositions and Grammar

**PART TWO -- ARGUMENTS**

**CHAPTER 5 -- BASIC ARGUMENT ANALYSIS**

Elements of Reasoning

Diagramming Arguments

Logical Strength

Implicit Premises

**CHAPTER 6 -- FALLACIES**

Subjectivist Fallacies

Fallacies Involving Credibility

Fallacies of Context

Fallacies of Logical Structure

**CHAPTER 7 -- ADVANCED ARGUMENT ANALYSIS**

Distilling an Argument

Diagramming Debates

**PART THREE -- CLASSICAL DEDUCTIVE LOGIC**

**CHAPTER 8 -- CATEGORICAL PROPOSITIONS**

Standard Form

The Square of Opposition

Existential Import

Distribution

Immediate Inference

Venn Diagrams

**CHAPTER 9 -- CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISMS**

The Structure of a Syllogism

Validity

Enthymemes

Rules of Validity

Venn Diagrams

The Cancellation Method

**CHAPTER 10 -- DISJUNCTIVE AND HYPOTHETICAL SYLLOGISMS**

Disjunctive Syllogisms

Hypothetical Propositions

Hypothetical Syllogisms

**CHAPTER 11 -- SYLLOGISMS IN ORDINARY REASONING**

Distilling Deductive Arguments

Extended Arguments

**PART FOUR -- MODERN DEDUCTIVE LOGIC**

**CHAPTER 12 -- PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC: SYMBOLIC NOTATION**

Connectives

Statement Forms

Computing Truth Tables

**CHAPTER 13 -- PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC: ARGUMENTS**

Truth Table Test of Validity

Truth Table Test-Short Form

Proof

Equivalence

Conditional Proof and Reductio Ad Absurdum

**CHAPTER 14 -- PREDICATE LOGIC**

Quantifiers

General Statements

Relations and Multiple Quantification

Proof

**PART FIVE -- INDUCTIVE LOGIC**

**CHAPTER 15 -- INDUCTIVE GENERALIZATIONS**

Generalizing

Causality

Agreement and Difference

Concomitant Variations and Residues

**CHAPTER 16 -- ARGUMENT BY ANALOGY**

Analogy and Similarity

Analysis and Evaluation

**CHAPTER 17 -- STATISTICAL REASONING**

Logic and Statistics

Using Statistics in Argument

Statistical Generalization

Statistical Evidence of Causality

**CHAPTER 18 -- EXPLANATION**

Explanation and Argument

Adequacy

The Truth of Hypotheses

Answers to Practice Quizzes

Glossary

Index

Publisher Info

Publisher: W.W. Norton & Co.

Published: 1998

International: No

Published: 1998

International: No

- Inviting prose
- Lucid style
- Familiar language
- Practical applications
- Real-world examples

"David Kelley succeeded in writing not only a philosophically rigorous logic textbook, but, more importantly, [one that is] accessible to students." Vincente Medina, Seton Hall University

"Excellent. I have used The Art of Reasoning many times and recommended it to many colleagues, several of whom used it as well. I find this book vastly superior to the multitude of other texts available for this course." Aeon Skoble, Southeast Missouri State University Contents

Preface

**CHAPTER 1 -- INTRODUCTION**

Thinking Skills

Objectivity

**PART ONE -- CONCEPTS AND PROPOSITIONS**

**CHAPTER 2 -- CLASSIFICATION**

Concepts and Referents

Rules and Classification

Levels of Organization

**CHAPTER 3 -- DEFINITIONS**

The Functions of a Definition

Rules for Definitions

Constructing Definitions

**CHAPTER 4 -- PROPOSITIONS**

Propositions and Sentences

Propositions and Word Meaning

Propositions and Grammar

**PART TWO -- ARGUMENTS**

**CHAPTER 5 -- BASIC ARGUMENT ANALYSIS**

Elements of Reasoning

Diagramming Arguments

Logical Strength

Implicit Premises

**CHAPTER 6 -- FALLACIES**

Subjectivist Fallacies

Fallacies Involving Credibility

Fallacies of Context

Fallacies of Logical Structure

**CHAPTER 7 -- ADVANCED ARGUMENT ANALYSIS**

Distilling an Argument

Diagramming Debates

**PART THREE -- CLASSICAL DEDUCTIVE LOGIC**

**CHAPTER 8 -- CATEGORICAL PROPOSITIONS**

Standard Form

The Square of Opposition

Existential Import

Distribution

Immediate Inference

Venn Diagrams

**CHAPTER 9 -- CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISMS**

The Structure of a Syllogism

Validity

Enthymemes

Rules of Validity

Venn Diagrams

The Cancellation Method

**CHAPTER 10 -- DISJUNCTIVE AND HYPOTHETICAL SYLLOGISMS**

Disjunctive Syllogisms

Hypothetical Propositions

Hypothetical Syllogisms

**CHAPTER 11 -- SYLLOGISMS IN ORDINARY REASONING**

Distilling Deductive Arguments

Extended Arguments

**PART FOUR -- MODERN DEDUCTIVE LOGIC**

**CHAPTER 12 -- PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC: SYMBOLIC NOTATION**

Connectives

Statement Forms

Computing Truth Tables

**CHAPTER 13 -- PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC: ARGUMENTS**

Truth Table Test of Validity

Truth Table Test-Short Form

Proof

Equivalence

Conditional Proof and Reductio Ad Absurdum

**CHAPTER 14 -- PREDICATE LOGIC**

Quantifiers

General Statements

Relations and Multiple Quantification

Proof

**PART FIVE -- INDUCTIVE LOGIC**

**CHAPTER 15 -- INDUCTIVE GENERALIZATIONS**

Generalizing

Causality

Agreement and Difference

Concomitant Variations and Residues

**CHAPTER 16 -- ARGUMENT BY ANALOGY**

Analogy and Similarity

Analysis and Evaluation

**CHAPTER 17 -- STATISTICAL REASONING**

Logic and Statistics

Using Statistics in Argument

Statistical Generalization

Statistical Evidence of Causality

**CHAPTER 18 -- EXPLANATION**

Explanation and Argument

Adequacy

The Truth of Hypotheses

Answers to Practice Quizzes

Glossary

Index