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Bedford Introduction to Literature - Text Only

Bedford Introduction to Literature - Text Only - 6th edition

Bedford Introduction to Literature - Text Only - 6th edition

ISBN13: 9780312259181

ISBN10: 0312259182

Bedford Introduction to Literature - Text Only by Michael Meyer - ISBN 9780312259181
Edition: 6TH 02
Copyright: 2002
Publisher: Bedford Books
International: No
Bedford Introduction to Literature - Text Only by Michael Meyer - ISBN 9780312259181

ISBN13: 9780312259181

ISBN10: 0312259182

Edition: 6TH 02

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Author Bio

Meyer, Michael : University of Connecticut

Michael Meyer (Ph.D., University of Connecticut) has taught introductory writing and literature courses for almost 30 years -- since 1981 at the University of Connecticut, and earlier at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and the College of William and Mary. Meyer's scholarly articles have appeared in American Literature, Studies in the American Renaissance, and Virginia Quarterly Review. An internationally recognized authority on Henry David Thoreau, he is a former president of the Thoreau Society and the coauthor (with Walter Harding) of The New Thoreau Handbook, a standard reference source. His first book, Several More Lives to Live: Thoreau's Political Reputation in America, was awarded the Ralph Henry Gabriel Prize by the American Studies Association. In addition to several introductory literature texts for Bedford/St. Martin's, Meyer is also the editor of Frederick Douglass: The Narrative and Selected Writings and the author of The Little, Brown Guide to Writing Research Papers.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Resources for Writing about Literature
Preface for Instructors
Introduction: Reading Imaginative Literature
The Nature of Literature
Emily Dickinson, A narrow Fellow in the Grass
The Value of Literature
The Changing Literary Canon


1. Reading Fiction
Reading Fiction Responsively
Kate Chopin, "The Story of an Hour"
A Sample Paper: Differences in Responses to Kate Chopin's "The Story of an Hour"
Explorations and Formulas
A Composite of a Romance Tip Sheet
Photo: Romance Novel Cover
A Comparison of Two Stories
Karen Van Der Zee, From A Secret Sorrow
Gail Godwin, A Sorrowful Woman
*Perspective: Kay Mussell, Are Feminism and Romance Novels Mutually Exclusive?
Perspective: Thomas Jefferson, On the Dangers of Reading Fiction

2. Writing about Fiction
From Reading to Writing
Questions for Responsive Reading and Writing
A Sample Paper in Progress
First Response
Revising: First and Second Drafts
Final Draft: Fulfillment or Failure? Marriage in A Secret Sorrow and
"A Sorrowful Woman"

3. Plot
Edgar Rice Burroughs, From Tarzan of the Apes
*Alice Walker, The Flowers
William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily
Perspective: William Faulkner, On "A Rose for Emily"
Andre Dubus, Killings
Perspective: Thomas E Kennedy, On Morality and Revenge in "Killings"
Perspective: A. L. Bader, Nothing Happens in Modern Short Stories

4. Character
Charles Dickens, From Hard Times
*Jhumpa Lahiri, When Mr. Pirzada Came to Dine
Herman Melville, Bartleby, the Scrivener
Perspective: Nathaniel Hawthorne, On Herman Melville's Philosophic Stance
Perspective: Dan McCall, On the Lawyer's Character in "Bartleby, the Scrivener"
*Alice McDermott, Enough

5. Setting
Ernest Hemingway, Soldier's Home
Perspective: E. E. Cummings, my sweet old etcetera
Perspective: Ernest Hemingway, On What Every Writer Needs
*Ron Hansen, Nebraska
*Perspective: Ron Hansen, On Nebraska as an Unconventional Short Story
Fay Weldon, IND AFF, or Out of Love in Sarajevo
Perspective: Fay Weldon, On the Importance of Place in "IND AFF"

6. Point of View
Third-Person Narrator
First-Person Narrator
*Gish Jen, Who's Irish
Anton Chekhov, The Lady with the Pet Dog
Perspective: Two Additional Translations of the Final Paragraphs of Anton
Chekhov's "The Lady with the Pet Dog"
Anton Chekhov, From "The Lady and the Dog" (Translated by Constance Garnett)
Anton Chekhov, From "A Lady with a Dog" (Translated by Ronald Hingley)
Perspective: Anton Chekhov, On Morality in Fiction
Joyce Carol Oates: The Lady with the Pet Dog
Perspective: Matthew C. Brennan, Point of View and Plotting in Chekhov's and Oates's "The Lady with the Pet Dog"
*Edwidge Danticat, New York Day Women

7. Symbolism
*Alberto Alvaro Ríos, A Secret Lion
Colette [Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette], The Hand
Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal
Perspective: Mordecai Marcus, What Is an Initiation Story?
*Gabriel García Márquez, The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World

8. Theme
Alison Baker, Better Be Ready 'Bout Half Past Eight
Stephen Crane, The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky
Katherine Mansfield, Miss Brill
Dagoberto Gilb, Love in L.A.

9. Style, Tone, and Irony
Raymond Carver, Popular Mechanics
Perspective: John Barth, On Minimalist Fiction
T. Coraghessan Boyle, Carnal Knowledge
Susan Minot, Lust
*Punyakante Wijenaike, Anoma

10. Combining the Elements of Fiction
The Elements Together
Mapping the Story
David Updike, Summer
Questions for Writing


11. A Study of Nathaniel Hawthorne
A Brief Biography and Introduction
Photo: Nathaniel Hawthorne
Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown
The Minister's Black Veil
The Birthmark
*Lady Eleanor's Mantle
Perspectives on Hawthorne
Hawthorne on Solitude
Hawthorne on the Power of the Writer's Imagination
Hawthorne on His Short Stories
Herman Melville, On Nathaniel Hawthorne's Tragic Vision
Two Complementary Critical Readings
Judith Fetterly, A Feminist Reading of "The Birthmark"
James Quinn and Ross Baldessarini, A Psychological Reading of "The Birthmark"
Suggested Topics for Longer Papers

12. A Study of Flannery O'Connor
A Brief Biography and Introduction
Photo: Flannery O'Connor
Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find
Good Country People
* Parker's Back
Perspectives on O'Connor
O'Connor on Faith
O'Connor on the Materials of Fiction
O'Connor on the Use of Exaggeration and Distortion
O'Connor on Theme and Symbol
Josephine Hendin, On O'Connor's Refusal to "Do Pretty"
Claire Kahane, The Function of Violence in O'Connor's Fiction
Edward Kessler, On O'Connor's Use of History
Two Complementary Critical Readings
A.R. Coulthard, On the Visionary Ending of "Revelation"
Marshall Bruce Gentry, On the Revised Ending of "Revelation"
Suggested Topics for Longer Papers

13. A Study of Alice Munro
A Brief Biography and Introduction
Photo: Alice Munro
Alice Munro, An Ounce of Cure
* Wild Swans
Miles City, Montana
Perspectives On Munro
Graeme Gibson, An Interview with Munro on Writing
Benjamin DeMott, On Munro's Female Protagonistas
Catherine Sheldrick Ross, On the Reader's Experience in Reading Munro's Stories
W. R. Martin, On Prue's Suppressed Passions
George Woodcock, On Symbolism in Munro's Fiction
Two Complementary Critical Readings
Munro on Narration in "An Ounce of Cure"
Lorraine McMullen, On Munro's Ironic Humor in "An Ounce of Cure"
Suggested Topics for Longer Papers

14. A Critical Case Study: William Faulkner's "Barn Burning"
Photo: William Faulkner
William Faulkner, Barn Burning
Perspectives on Faulkner
Jane Hiles, Blood Ties in "Barn Burning"
Benjamin DeMott, Abner Snopes as a Victim of Class
Gayle Edward Wilson, Conflict in "Barn Burning"
James Ferguson, Narrative Strategy in "Barn Burning"
Questions for Writing: Incorporating the Critics
An Excerpt from a Sample Paper: The Fires of Class Conflict in "Barn Burning"
Suggested Topics for Longer Papers

15. A Cultural Case Study: James Joyce's "Eveline"
Photo: James Joyce in Paris
James Joyce, Eveline
Photo: Poole Street, Dublin
Resources of Ireland (From the Alliance Temperance Almanack for 1910)
A Letter Home from an Irish Emigrant in Australia
A Plot Synopsis of The Bohemian Girl
Suggested Topics for Longer Papers

16. A Thematic Case Study: The Nature of Storytelling
Margaret Atwood, There Was Once
George Bowering, A Short Story
Tim O'Brien, How to Tell a True War Story
*Don DeLillo, Videotape
Suggested Topics for Longer Papers


17. Stories for Further Reading
*Angela Carter, A Souvenir of Japan
*Langston Hughes, On the Road
Franz Kafka, A Hunger Artist
Jamaica Kincaid, Girl
D. H. Lawrence, The Horse Dealer's Daughter
*Edgar Allan Poe, The Cask of Amontillado
*Mark Twain, The Story of the Good Little Boy
John Updike, A & P

18. An Album of World Literature
Isabelle Allende (Chile), The Judges Wife
*Tadeusz Borowski (Poland), This Way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen
Bessie Head (Botswana), The Prisoner Who Wore Glasses
Naguib Mahfouz (Egypt), The Answer Is No

19. An Album of Contemporary Stories
*Sherman Alexie, Class
*Amy Bloom, Hold Tight
*Joyce Carol Oates, The Night Nurse
*E. Annie Proulx, 55 Miles to the Gas Pump



20. Reading Poetry
Reading Poetry Responsively
Marge Piercy, The Secretary Chant
Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays
John Updike, Dog's Death
The Pleasure of Words
William Hathaway , Oh, Oh
Robert Francis, Catch
A Sample Analysis: Tossing Metaphors Together in "Catch"
Wole Soyinka, Telephone Conversation
Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish
Philip Larkin, A Study of Reading Habits
Robert Morgan, Mountain Graveyard
E. E. Cummings, l(a
Anonymous, Western Wind
Regina Barreca, Nighttime Fires
Suggestions for Approaching Poetry
Poetry in Popular Forms
Helen Farries, Magic of Love
John Frederick Nims, Love Poem
Bruce Springsteen, Streets of Philadelphia
*Saundra Sharp, It's the Law: A Rap Poem
Perspective: Robert Francis, On "Hard" Poetry

Poems for Further Study
*Rudyard Kipling , If--
Alice Walker, a woman is not a potted plant
*Lisa Parker, Snapping Beans
Wyatt Prunty, Elderly Lady Crossing on Green
Alberto Ríos, Seniors
John Donne , The Sun Rising
Li Ho, A Beautiful Girl Combs Her Hair
Robert Hass, Happiness

21. Writing about Poetry
From Reading to Writing
Questions for Responsive Reading and Writing
A Sample Analysis: Memory in Elizabeth Bishop's "Manners"
Elizabeth Bishop, "Manners"

22. Word Choice, Word Order, and Tone
Denotations and Connotations
Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner
E. E. Cummings, she being Brand
Word Order
*Judith Ortiz Cofer, Common Ground
*Robin Morgan, Invocation
Katharyn Howd Machan, Hazel Tells LaVerne
Martín Espada, Latin Night at the Pawnshop
*Sarah Lindsay, Aluminum Chlorohydrate
Diction and Tone in Four Love Poems
Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress
Perspective: Bernard Duyfhuizen, "To His Coy Mistress": On How a Female Might Respond
Richard Wilbur, A Late Aubade
Diane Ackerman, A Fine, a Private Place

Poems for Further Study
Margaret Atwood, Bored
Thomas Hardy, The Convergence of the Twain
David R. Slavitt, Titanic
Lionel Johnson, A Decadent's Lyric
Sharon Olds, Sex without Love
*Cathy Song, The Youngest Daughter
John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn
Gwendolyn Brooks , We Real Cool
*Eric Ormsby, Nose
*Alice Jones, The Larynx
*Oliver Rice, The Doll House
Louis Simpson, In the Suburbs

A Note on Reading Translations
Four Translations of a Poem by Sappho
Sappho, Immortal Aphrodite of the broidered throne (Translated by Henry T. Wharton)
Beautiful-throned, immortal Aphrodite (Translated by T. W. Higginson)
Invocation to Aphrodite (Translated by Richard Lattimore)
Artfully adorned Aphrodite, deathless (Translated by Jim Powell)