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Beginning Bioethics : A Text with Integrated Readings

Beginning Bioethics : A Text with Integrated Readings - 98 edition

Beginning Bioethics : A Text with Integrated Readings - 98 edition

ISBN13: 9780312132910

ISBN10: 0312132913

Beginning Bioethics : A Text with Integrated Readings by Aaron Ridley - ISBN 9780312132910
Edition: 98
Copyright: 1998
Publisher: Bedford Books
International: No
Beginning Bioethics : A Text with Integrated Readings by Aaron Ridley - ISBN 9780312132910

ISBN13: 9780312132910

ISBN10: 0312132913

Edition: 98

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Beginning Bioethics: A Text with Integrated Readings gives students an introduction to the language of philosophical ethics before leading them through six major issues in bioethics. The bioethics section not only includes Ridley's clear explanations of all sides of a given issue, but also his analysis of a major, previously published article on that issue. It was written to accompany Cases in Bioethics, out in a new edition this year.
· Gives students familiarity with talking about ethics in general before tackling specific issues in bioethics.
· Balanced discussion of six major issues in bioethics.
· Models good philosophical discussion for students with analysis of the arguments contained in major, previously published articles.
· Provides philosophical counterpart to cases discussed by medial practitioners in Crigger, Cases in Bioethics, Third Edition.

Author Bio

Ridley, Aaron : University of Southampton

Table of Contents

Table of Contents




1. Motivations

Avoiding Bloodshed
Resisting Relativisim
Sidestepping Religion
Clarifying Your Position
Persuasion and Public Policy
Recap: Reasons for Arguing about Ethics

2. Materials: Theories in Ethics

What Is Ethical Theory?
Deontology and Consistency
Deontology and Special Obligations
Deontology and Supererogation
Deontology and Rational Justification
Deontology and Conflicting Duties and Obligations
Deontology and Indifference to Consequences
Selected Bibliography

Act Utilitarianism
Act Utilitarianism and Benevolence
Act Utilitarianism and Rationality
Act Utilitarianism and Situational Decision-Making
Act Utilitarianism and Predicting the Future
Act Utilitarianism and Incommensurability
Act Utilitarianism and Special Obligations
Act Utilitarianism and Supererogation
Act Utilitarianism and Inconsistency
Act Utilitarianism and Injustice
Selected Bibliography

Rule Utilitarianism
Some Strengths of Rule Utilitarianism
Some Weaknesses of Rule Utilitarianism
Selected Bibliography

Rights and Deontology
Rights and Act Utilitarianism
Rights and Rule Utilitarianism
Selected Bibliography

Ethical Theories in Combination
Recap: Pluses and Minuses

3. More Materials: Principles in Ethics

What Is an Ethical Principle?
Respect for Autonomy
Conflicts of Principle
Recap: Principles in Outline
Selected Bibliography

4. Methods

Rational Argument
The Role of Intuition
The Use of Examples
Argument by Analogy
Slippery-Slope Arguments
The Joys of Compromise
Devil's Advocacy
Recap: On Being Persuasive


5. Professional Responsibility and the Rights of Patients

Telling the Truth
Knowledge and Autonomy
Paternalism and Beneficence; Lipkin's Argument, "On Lying to Patients"
Responding to Lipkin
Recap: Full Disclosure
Informed Consent
The Importance of Informed Consent
Informing the Patient
The Patient's Consent
Patients Who Cannot Consent
Recap: Getting the Go-ahead
Modern Complexities: Siegler's Argument, "Confidentiality in Medicine"
Responding to Siegler
Harm to Others
Recap: Keeping Secrets

6. Reproductive Rights and Abortion

Reproductive Rights
Significant Relationships
Recap: The Ethics of New Technologies
The Sanctity of Life
The Status of the Fetus
Potential Personhood
Opposing Abortion: Marquis's Argument, "Why Abortion is Immoral"
Responding to Marquis
The Interests of the Woman
Defending Abortion: Thompson's Argument, "
A Defense of Abortion"
Responding to Thompson
Failed Contraception
Recap: The Abortion Debate

7. Death and Dying

What Is Death?
The Official Definition: The Argument of the President's Commission
Responding to the Commission
The Traditional Conception
Recap: Defining Death
Voluntary Euthanasia and Suicide
Nonvoluntary Euthanasia and Murder
Killing and Letting Die: Rachels's Argument,
"Active and Passive Euthanasia"
Responding to Rachels
The Doctrine of Double Effect
Living Wills
Recap: Mercy Killing

8. Research with Living Subjects

Drug Trials
Selecting Human Research Subjects
Unethical Experiments: Ridley's Argument, "Ill-Gotten Gains"
Responding to Ridley
Animal Research: Regan's Argument, "The Case Against Animal Research"Responding to Regan
Recap: Sacrifices

9. Mental Incompetence

The Nature of Mental Incompetence
Incompetent at What?
A Conspiracy Theory: Szasz's Argument,
"The Myth of Mental Illness"
Responding to Szasz
Incompetence and Autonomy
Recap: On Counting as Competent
Decisions About Treatment
Treating People Against Their Will: Chodoff's
Argument, "The Case for Involuntary
Hospitalization of the Mentally Ill"
Responding to Chodoff
Paternalism and Beneficence
Involuntary Sterilization
Recap: Helping the Helpless

10. Allocation and Health Care Policy

Allocating Scarce Resources
Health and Wealth
Utilitarian Justice
Libertarian Justice
Egalitarian Justice
Care According to Need: Nielsen's Argument, "Autonomy, Equality, and a Just Health Care System"
Responding to Nielsen
Recap: Fair Shares
Organ Procurement and Transplantation
The Donor
The Recipient
Organs for Sale
Organ Farming
You Stole My Heart Away
Gene Therapy and Genetic Engineering
Choosing People
Avoiding People: Purdy's Argument, "Genetic Diseases: Can Having Children be Immoral?"
Responding to Purdy
Curing People: Somatic-Cell Therapy
Changing People: Germ-Line Therapy
Recap: A Better World?