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Biology of Plants, Text Only

Biology of Plants, Text Only - 6th edition

Biology of Plants, Text Only - 6th edition

ISBN13: 9781572590410

ISBN10: 1572590416

Biology of Plants, Text Only by Peter H. Raven, Ray F. Evert and Susan E. Eichhorn - ISBN 9781572590410
Cover type: Hardback
Edition: 6TH 99
Copyright: 1999
Publisher: W.H. Freeman
International: No
Biology of Plants, Text Only by Peter H. Raven, Ray F. Evert and Susan E. Eichhorn - ISBN 9781572590410

ISBN13: 9781572590410

ISBN10: 1572590416

Cover type: Hardback
Edition: 6TH 99

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Raven (a noted conservationist and botanist), Evert (an authority on plant anatomy who has updated every chapter), and Eichhorn are an exceptionally strong author team

Outstanding illustrations, including new diagrams and meticulously labeled, high-resolution micrographs, plus unique, detailed, color-coded life cycles

A highly praised textbook and reference, valued for its breadth, accuracy, and currency

Author Bio

Raven, Peter H. : Missouri Botanical Garden / Washington University

Evert, Ray F. : University of Wisconsin, Madison

Eichhorn, Susan E. : University of Wisconsin, Madison

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

*New and significantly revised sections

1. Botany: An Introduction

Evolution of Plants
Evolution of Communities
The Appearance of Human Beings


2. The Molecular Composition of Plant Cells

Organic Molecules
* Carbohydrates
Nucleic Acids
*Essay: Representations of Molecules
*Essay: Amino Acids and Nitrogen

3. Introduction to the Plant Cell

* Development of the Cell Theory
* Prokaryotic Cells and Eukaryotic Cells
The Plant Cell: An Overview
* Plasma Membrane
Chloroplasts and Other Plastids
* Peroxisomes
* Vacuoles
* Oil Bodies
* Endoplasmic Reticulum
* Golgi Complex
Flagella and Cilia
* Cell Wall
Essay: Viewing the Cellular World
Essay: Cell Theory versus Organismal Theory
Essay: Cytoplasmic Streaming in Giant Algal Cells

4. Membrane Structure and Function

* Structure of Cellular Membranes
The Movement of Water and Solutes
Cells and Diffusion
Osmosis and Living Organisms
*Transport of Solutes across Membranes
Vesicle-Mediated Transport
*Cell-to-Cell Communication
Essay: Imbibition
Essay: Patch Clamp Recording in the Study of Ion Channels


5. The Flow of Energy

* The Laws of Thermodynamics
* Enzymes
Cofactors in Enzyme Action
* Metabolic Pathways
* Regulation of Enzyme Activity
The Energy Factor: ATP Revisited

6. Respiration

* An Overview of Glucose Oxidation
Summary of Glycolysis
* The Aerobic Pathway
* Other Substrates for Respiration
Anaerobic Pathways
* The Strategy of Energy Metabolism
Essay: Bioluminescence

7. Photosynthesis, Light, and Life

Photosynthesis: A Historical Perspective
The Nature of Light
* The Role of Pigments
* The Reactions of Photosynthesis
* The Carbon-Fixation Reactions
Essay: The Fitness of Light
Essay: A Comparison of Chemiosmosis in Chloroplasts and Mitochondria
Essay: The Carbon Cycle


8. The Reproduction of Cells

* Cell Division in Prokaryotes
* Cell Division in Eukaryotes
* The Cell Cycle
* Interphase
* Cell Division in Plants
* Cell Division and the Reproduction of the Organism

9. Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction

* Haploid and Diploid
Meiosis, the Life Cycle, and Diploidy
* The Process of Meiosis
The Phases of Meiosis
* Asexual Reproduction: An Alternative Strategy
* Advantages of Sexual Reproduction
Essay: Vegetative Reproduction: Some Ways and Means

10. Genetics and Heredity

* The Concept of the Gene
* The Principle of Segregation
* The Principle of Independent Assortment
* Discovery of the Chromosomal Basis of Mendel's Laws
* Broadening the Concept of the Gene
* The Chemical Basis of Heredity
* The Chemistry of the Gene: DNA versus Protein
* The Structure of DNA
* DNA Replication
* The Problem of the Ends of Linear DNA
* The Energetics of DNA Replication
* DNA As a Carrier of Information
Essay: Mendel and the Laws of Probability

11. Gene Expression

* From DNA to Protein: The Role of RNA
* The Genetic Code
* Protein Synthesis
* Regulating Gene Expression
* The Prokaryotic Chromosome
* The Eukaryotic Chromosome
Regulation of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes
* The DNA of the Eukaryotic Chromosome
* Transcription and Processing of mRNA in Eukaryotes
* Recombinant DNA Technology
* DNA Libraries
* Polymerase Chain Reaction
* DNA Sequencing
* Locating Specific DNA Segments
* Locating Genes of Interest
Essay: Arabidopsis thaliana: The Model Plant

12. The Process of Evolution

Darwin's Theory
* The Concept of the Gene Pool
* The Behavior of Genes in Populations: The Hardy-Weinberg Law
* The Agents of Change
* Preservation and Promotion of Variability
* Responses to Selection
* The Result of Natural Selection: Adaptation
* The Origin of Species
* How Does Speciation Occur?
* Maintaining Reproductive Isolation
The Origin of Major Groups of Organisms
Essay: Adaptive Radiation in Hawaiian Tarweeds


13. Systematics: The Science of Biological Diversity

Taxonomy and Hierarchical Classification
* Classification and Phylogeny
* Methods of Classification
* Molecular Systematics
* The Major Groups of Organisms: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya
* Origin of the Eukaryotes
The Eukaryotic Kingdoms
Essay: Convergent Evolution

14. Prokaryotes and Viruses

* Characteristics of the Prokaryotic Cell
Diversity of Form
Reproduction and Gene Exchange
* Endospores
Metabolic Diversity
* Bacteria
* Viruses
Viroids: Other Infectious Particles
The Origin of Viruses

15. Fungi

* The Role of Fungi
* Biology and Characteristics of Fungi
* Evolution of the Fungi
Chytrids: Phylum Chytridiomycota
Phylum Zygomycota
Phylum Ascomycota
Phylum Basidiomycota
* Symbiotic Relationships of Fungi
Essay: Phototropism in a Fungus
Essay: From Pathogen to Symbiont: Fungal Endophytes
Essay: Predaceous Fungi

16. Protista I: Euglenoids, Slime Molds, Cryptomonads, Red Algae, Dinoflagellates, and Haptophytes

* Ecology of the Algae
* Euglenoids: Phylum Euglenophyta
Plasmodial Slime Molds: Phylum Myxomycota
Cellular Slime Molds: Phylum Dictyosteliomycota
* Cryptomonads: Phylum Cryptophyta
Red Algae: Phylum Rhodophyta
* Dinoflagellates: Phylum Dinophyta
* Haptophytes: Phylum Haptophyta
* Essay: Red Tides/Toxic Blooms

17. Protista II: Heterokonts and Green Algae

* Heterokonts
Oomycetes: Phylum Oomycota
* Diatoms: Phylum Bacillariophyta
* Chrysophytes: Phylum Chrysophyta
Brown Algae: Phylum Phaeophyta
* Green Algae: Phylum Chlorophyta
Essay: Algae and Human Affairs
Essay: Diatom Motility

18. Bryophytes

* The Relationships of Bryophytes to Other Groups
* Comparative Structure and Reproduction of Bryophytes
Liverworts: Phylum Hepatophyta
Hornworts: Phylum Anthocerophyta
Mosses: Phylum Bryophyta

19. Seedless Vascular Plants

Evolution of Vascular Plants
Organization of the Vascular Plant Body
* Reproductive Systems
The Phyla of Seedless Vascular Plants
* Phylum Rhyniophyta
Phylum Zosterophyllophyta
Phylum Lycophyta
Phylum Trimerophytophyta
Phylum Psilotophyta
Phylum Sphenophyta
Phylum Pterophyta
Essay: Coal Age Plants

20. Gymnosperms

* Evolution of the Seed
Extinct Gymnosperms
Living Gymnosperms
Phylum Coniferophyta
The Other Living Gymnosperm Phyla: Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, and Gnetophyta
* Essay: Wollemia nobilis -- A Newly Discovered Living Fossil

21. Introduction to the Angiosperms

Diversity in the Phylum Anthophyta
The Flower
The Angiosperm Life Cycle
Essay: Hay Fever

22. Evolution of the Angiosperms

* Relationships of the Angiosperms
Origin and Diversification of the Angiosperms
Evolution of the Flower
Evolution of Fruits
Biochemical Coevolution
Essay: A Very Peculiar Pondweed


23. Early Development of the Plant Body

* Formation of the Embryo
The Mature Embryo and Seed
Requirements for Seed Germination
From Embryo to Adult Plant
Essay: Wheat: Bread and Bran

24. Cells and Tissues of the Plant Body

* Apical Meristems and Their Derivatives
* Growth, Morphogenesis, and Differentiation
Internal Organization of the Plant Body
Ground Tissues
* Vascular Tissues
* Dermal Tissues

25. The Root: Structure and Development

* Root Systems
Origin and Growth of Primary Tissues
Primary Structure
Effect of Secondary Growth on the Primary Body of the Root
Origin of Lateral Roots
Aerial Roots and Air Roots
Adaptations for Food Storage

26. The Shoot: Primary Structure and Development

* Origin and Growth of the Primary Tissues of the Stem
Primary Structure of the Stem
* Relation between the Vascular Tissues of the Stem and the Leaf
Morphology of the Leaf
Structure of the Leaf
Grass Leaves
* Development of the Leaf
Sun and Shade Leaves
Leaf Abscission
Transition between Vascular Systems of the Root and the Shoot
* Development of the Flower
Stem and Leaf Modifications

27. Secondary Growth in Stems

Annuals, Biennials, and Perennials
The Vascular Cambium
Effect of Secondary Growth on the Primary Body of the Stem
The Wood: Secondary Xylem
* Essay: The Truth about Knots


28. Regulating Growth and Development: The Plant Hormones

* Ethylene
Abscisic Acid
* The Molecular Basis of Hormone Action
* Plant Biotechnology
Essay: Totipotency

29. External Factors and Plant Growth

The Tropisms
Circadian Rhythms
Chemical Basis of Photoperiodism
Hormonal Control of Flowering
Cold and the Flowering Response
Nastic Movements
Generalized Effects of Mechanical Stimuli on Plant Growth and Development: Thigmomorphogenesis
Solar Tracking

30. Plant Nutrition and Soils

Essential Elements
* Functions of Essential Elements
The Soil
Nutrient Cycles
Nitrogen and the Nitrogen Cycle
Assimilation of Nitrogen
The Phosphorus Cycle
Human Impact on Nutrient Cycles
Soils and Agriculture
Plant Nutrition Research
Essay: The Water Cycle
Essay: Carnivorous Plants
Essay: Halophytes: A Future Resource?
Essay: Compost

31. The Movement of Water and Solutes in Plants

* Movement of Water and Inorganic Nutrients
Translocation: Movement of Substances through the Phloem
Essay: Radioactive Tracers and Autoradiography


32. The Dynamics of Communities and Ecosystems

Interactions between Organisms
Nutrient Cycling
Trophic Levels
Development of Communities and Ecosystems
Essay: Pesticides and Ecosystems
Essay: The Great Yellowstone Fire

33. Global Ecology

Life on the Land
Rain Forests
Savannas and Deciduous Tropical Forests
Temperate Deciduous Forests
Temperate Mixed and Coniferous Forests
Mediterraean Scrub
Arctic Tundra
Essay: Alexander von Humbolt
Essay: How Does a Cactus Function?
Essay: Plants, Air Pollution, and Acid Rain
Essay: Jobs versus Owls

34. The Human Prospect

* Plants in Human History
* The Present Situation
* The Future
* Essay: Commodities


A. Fundamentals of Chemistry
*B. Hardy-Weinberg Equation
C. Metric Table and Temperature Conversion Scale
*D. Classification of Organisms
*E. Geologic Eras

Other Editions of Biology of Plants, Text Only

Biology of Plants by Peter H. Raven, Ray F. Evert and Susan E. Eichhorn - ISBN 9780716710073