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Chemistry in the Laboratory

Chemistry in the Laboratory - 5th edition

Chemistry in the Laboratory - 5th edition

ISBN13: 9780716735472

ISBN10: 0716735474

Chemistry in the Laboratory by James M. Postma, Julian L. Jr. Roberts and Leland J. Hollenberg - ISBN 9780716735472
Edition: 5TH 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: W.H. Freeman
International: No
Chemistry in the Laboratory by James M. Postma, Julian L. Jr. Roberts and Leland J. Hollenberg - ISBN 9780716735472

ISBN13: 9780716735472

ISBN10: 0716735474

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This clearly written, class-tested manual has long given students essential hands-on training with key experiments. Designed to work with any general chemistry textbook but exceptionally compatible with Jones/Atkins, Chemistry: Molecules, Matter and Change, 4/e, this extensively revised edition offers a number of new features to enhance the student's lab experience, and expanded information on applications to real world situations.

Clear instructions and illustrations

All experiments available as lab separates

In general, all experiments can be covered in one lab session.

New labs on intermolecular forces (20), analysis of seawater--a three-lab project (35), and acid rain (44)

Guide to which experiments correspond to the material covered with which chapters in Jones/Atkins, Chemistry: Molecules, Matter and Change, 4/e (for introductory courses) and Atkins/Jones, Principles of Chemistry (for honors courses)

A new "Consider This" feature gives instructors the opportunity to show students how the experiment is applied to the real world of chemical research and presents opportunities for further inquiry.

Options for reducing scale on most labs

Author Bio

Postma, James M. : California State University-Chico

Roberts, Julian L. Jr. : University of Redlands

Hollenberg, Leland J. : University of Redlands

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

First-Day Instructions
Safety Rules
Laboratory Regulations
Basic Laboratory Equipment and Procedures
Burets for Reduced Scale Titration

1. Scientific Measurements
2. Mass and Volume Relationships
3. Separations of Food Dyes and Plant Pigments by Paper Chromatography
4. Observing the Reactions of Household Chemicals; Deductive Chemical Reasoning
5. A Cycle of Copper Reactions
6. Synthesis of a Chemical Compound: Making Alum from an Aluminum Can
7. The Chemistry of Oxygen: Basic and Acidic Oxides and the Periodic Table
8. Determination of a Chemical Formula; The Reaction of Iodine with Zinc
9. Determination of a Chemical Formula by Titration; The Reaction of Calcium with Water

A. Study Assignment--The Language of Chemistry: Chemical Nomenclature

10. The Estimation of Avogadro's Number
11. The Molar Volume of Dioxygen and Other Gases
12. The Molar Mass of Gas
13. The Reactivity of Metals with Hydrochloric Acid
14. The Heat Capacity of Metals
15. Enthalpy Changes in Chemical Reactions; Hess's Law
16. The Enthalpy of Combustion of a Vegetable Oil
17. Emission Spectra and the Electronic Structure of Atoms; The Hydrogen Atom Spectrum
18. Ionic Bonds and Compounds; Conductivity of Solutions of Ionic and Covalent Compounds

B. Study Assignment--Writing Lewis Structures

19. Models of Molecular Shapes; VSEPR Theory and Orbital Hybridization
20. Intermolecular Forces; Slime Gel
21. Liquids and Solids; The Vapor Pressure and Enthalpy of Vaporization of Water; The Enthalpy of Fusion of Water
22. Colligative Properties; The Molar Mass of a Soluble Substance by Freezing Point Depression
23. Some Examples of Chemical Equilibria; LeChâtelier's Principle
24. Determination of an Equilibrium Constant by Spectrophotometry; The Iron (III)-Thiocyanate Complex Ion
25. Factors Affecting the Rates of Chemical Reactions
26. The Rate of a Chemical Reaction; Chemical Kinetics
27. Acid-Base Titrations; The Titration of Stomach Acids
28. The Determination of the Acid Dissociation Constant of a Weak Acid
29. The Chemical of Natural Waters; Water Hardness by EDTA Titration; Water Softening by Ion Exchange
30. The Solubility Product Constant of Calcium Iodate, Ca(IO3)2
31. Identification of Silver, Lead, and Mercurous Ions
32. Identification of Ferric, Aluminum, and Zinc Ions
33. Identification of Alkaline Earth and Alkali Metal Ions
34. The Qualitative Analysis of Some Common Anions
35. Qualitative Analysis of Unlabeled Solutions: The N-Solution Problem
36. Paper Chromatography in the Separation of Iron(III), Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), and Copper(II) Ions
37. Oxidation-Reduction; Electron Transfer Reactions
38. Redox Titrations; The Oxidation Capacity of a Household Cleanser or Liquid Bleach
39. Electrochemical Cells
40. Electrochemical Puzzles; The Golden Penny Experiment; Corrosion and Anodic Protection
41. The Chemistry of Some Nonmetals
42. Equilibria of Coordination Compounds
43. The Chemistry of Vitamin C
44. Nitrogen Oxides and Acid Rain

Appendices: Tables of Data