Civil Rights Since 1787 : A Reader on the Black Struggle 00 edition (9780814782491) -
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Civil Rights Since 1787 : A Reader on the Black Struggle

Civil Rights Since 1787 : A Reader on the Black Struggle - 00 edition

Civil Rights Since 1787 : A Reader on the Black Struggle - 00 edition

ISBN13: 9780814782491

ISBN10: 0814782493

Civil Rights Since 1787 : A Reader on the Black Struggle by Jonathan  Ed. Birnbaum and Clarence  Ed. Taylor - ISBN 9780814782491
Edition: 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: New York University Press
International: No
Civil Rights Since 1787 : A Reader on the Black Struggle by Jonathan  Ed. Birnbaum and Clarence  Ed. Taylor - ISBN 9780814782491

ISBN13: 9780814782491

ISBN10: 0814782493

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Contrary to simple textbook tales, the civil rights movement did not arise spontaneously in 1954 with the landmark Brown v. Board of education decision. The black struggle for civil rights can be traced back to the arrival of the first Africans, and to their work in the plantations, manufactories, and homes of the Americas. Civil rights was thus born as labor history.

Civil Rights Since 1787 tells the story of that struggle in its full context, dividing the struggle into six major periods, from slavery to Reconstruction, from segregation to the Second Reconstruction, and from the current backlash to the future prospects for a Third Reconstruction. The "prize" that the movement has sought has often been reduced to a quest for the vote in the South. But all involved in the struggle have always known that the prize is much more than the vote, that the goal is economic as well as political. Further, in distinction from other work, Civil Rights Since 1787 establishes the links between, racial repression and the repression of labor and the left, and emphasizes the North as a region of civil rights struggle.

Featuring the voices and philosophies of orators, activists, and politicians, this anthology emphasizes the role of those ignored by history, as well as the part that education and religion have played in the movement. Civil Rights Since 1787 serves up an informative mix of primary documents and secondary analysis and includes the work of such figures as Ella Baker, Mary Frances Berry, Clayborne Carson, Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. DuBois, Eric Foner, Herb Gutman, Fannie Lou Hamer, A. Leon Higginbotham, Darlene Clark Hine, Jesse Jackson, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, Manning Marable,Nell Painter, Frances Fox Piven and Richard Cloward, A. Philip Randolph, Mary Church Terrell, and Howard zinn.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Part I. Slavery: America's First Compromise

1. Introduction: Original Sin
2. The International Slave Trade
3. Slavery, the Constitution, and the Founding Fathers
4. Our Pro-Slavery Constitution
5. Slave Religion, Rebellion, and Docility
6. 1787 Petition for Equal Educational Facilities
7. The Abolitionist Movement
8. Too Long Have Others Spoken for Us
9. Education for Black Women
10. Walker's Appeal
11. On African Rights and Liberty
12. The Liberator: Opening Editorial
13. An Address to the Slaves of the United States
14. Free Blacks and Suffrage
15. Silencing Debate: The Congressional Gag Rule
16. Equality before the Law
17. Free Blacks and the Fugitive Slave Act
18. The Fugitive Slave Law
19. What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?
20. Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
21. Illinois No Longer a Free State
22. Literacy, Slavery, and Religion
23. Who Freed the Slaves?

Part II. Reconstruction

24. Introduction: The Second American Revolution
25. The Second American Revolution
26. Schools for Freedom
27. The Southern Black Church
28. Forty Acres and a Mule: Special Field Order No. 15
29. A Proposal for Reconstruction
30. Woman's Rights
31. Woman Suffrage
32. Black Women during Reconstruction
33. Southern Discomfort
34. The Ku Klux Klan Conspiracy
35. Black Workers and Republicans in the South
36. The Reconstruction Myth
37. The Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

Part III. Segregation

38. Introduction: Separate and Unequal
39. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
40. Newspapers on Plessy v. Ferguson
41. How Disenfranchisement Was Accomplished
42. Lynching
43. The Atlanta Massacre
44. The Race War in the North
45. Jim Crow and the Limits of Freedom, 1890-1940
46. Blacks and the First Red Scare
47. The Second Klan
48. Black Workers from Reconstruction to the Great Depression
49. The Atlanta Address
50. Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others
51. Report of the 1900 Pan-African Conference
52. The Niagara Movement Declaration of Principles
53. The Task for the Future
54. Returning Soldiers
55. Lynching a Domestic Question?
56. Address to President Wilson
57. The Higher Education of Women
58. Black Women and the Right to Vote
59. Woman Suffrage and the Fifteenth Amendment
60. Woman Suffrage and the Negro
61. The Great Migration
62. Migration and Political Power
63. The Objectives of the Universal Negro Improvement Association
64. The Garvey Milieu
65. The Scottsboro Case
66. Women and Lynching
67. Blacks and the New Deal
68. Mary McLeod Bethune and the Black Cabinet
69. Marian Anderson, Eleanor Roosevelt, and the D.A.R.
70. Blacks and the CIO
71. The Harlem Bus Boycott of 1941
72. The March on Washington Movement
73. Executive Order 8802: Establishing the FEPC
74. The Sharecroppers' Tale
75. The "Double V" Campaign
76. Nazi and Dixie Nordics
77. The Civil Rights Congress

Part IV. The Second Reconstruction

78. Introduction: The Modern Civil Rights Movement
79. Charles Hamilton Houston and the NAACP Legal Strategy
80. The NAACP and Brown
81. Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
82. Mississippi Murders
83. Labor, Radicals, and the Civil Rights Movement
84. Migration and Electoral Politics
85. To Secure These Rights
86. Executive Order 9981: Barring Segregation in the Armed Forces
87. The Second Red Scare: The Cold War in Black America
88. Remembering Jackie Robinson
89. Paul Robeson and the House Un-American Activities Committee
90. The Highlander School
91. If the Negro Wins, Labor Wins
92. CORE and the Pacifist Roots of Civil Rights
93. The Baton Rouge Bus Boycott
94. Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
95. The Social Organization of Nonviolence
96. SCLC and "The Beloved Community"
97. On King's Influences and Borrowings
98. Women and Community Leadership
99. The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
100. SNCC Statement of Purpose
101. Suppose Not Negroes but Men of Property Were Being Beaten in Mississippi
102. Letter from Birmingham City Jail
103. Television Address on Civil Rights
104. What Really Happened at the March on Washington?
105. Which Side Is the Federal Government On?
106. I Have a Dream
107. Movie Myths about Mississippi Summer
108. Freedom Schools
109. The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
110. Testimony before the 1964 DNC Credentials Committee
111. Civil Rights and Black Protest Music
112. From Protest to Politics
113. The Selma Movement and the Voting Rights Act of 1965
114. Address on Voting Rights
115. Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders
116. The Watts Uprising
117. The Great Society
118. The SCLC and Chicago
119. Resurrection City and the Poor People's Campaign
120. The Welfare Rights Movement
121. We Must Have Justice
122. The Ballot or the Bullet
123. Malcolm and Martin: A Common Solution
124. What We Want
125. The Black Panther Party Ten-Point Program
126. The Black Panther Party
127. Women and the Black Panther Party
128. Black Power and Labor
129. The Nixon Administration and Civil Rights
130. The Gary Black Political Convention of 1972
131. Police Violence and Riots
132. Rodney King, Police Brutality, and Riots
133. Black Power in the Age of Jackson
134. Race and the Democrats
135. Mississippi Abolishes Slavery
136. Undercounting Minorities
137. The Color of Money
138. The Possessive Investment in Whiteness
139. Discrimination and Racism Continue
140. Education's "Savage Inequalities"
141. Shopping While Black
142. Environmental Racism
143. Affirmative Action and History
144. The Great White Myth
145. How the Press Frames Affirmative Action
146. Position Paper on Affirmative Action

Part V. Backlash Redux

147. Introduction: Redemption II
148. The Southern Manifesto
149. George Wallace and the Roots of Modern Republicanism
150. Segregation Forever
151. The Southern Strategy
152. The Nixon That Black Folks Knew
153. The FBI, COINTELPRO, and the Repression of Civil Rights
154. The Urban Fiscal Crisis and the Rebirth of Conservatism
155. Boston's Battle over Busing
156. The Tax Revolt
157. Campus Racism and the Reagan Budget Cuts
158. The War against the Poor
159. David Duke and the Southern Strategy
160. The Civil Rights Act of 1991
161. How "Welfare" Became a Dirty Word
162. Lazy Lies about Welfare
163. Race and the "New Democrats"
164. Defunding the Congressional Black Caucus
165. Vouchers, the Right, and the Race Card
166. The Prison Industrial Complex
167. Felony Disenfranchisement
168. Chain Gang Blues
169. Breaking Thurgood Marshall's Promise

Part VI. Toward a Third Reconstruction

170. Introduction: Where Do We Go from Here?
171. Time for a Third Reconstruction
172. Toward a New Protest Paradigm
173. Why Inter-Ethnic Anti-Racism Matters Now
174. How the New Working Class Can Transform Urban America
175. What Works to Reduce Inequality?
176. A Workers' Bill of Rights
177. A Ten-Point Plan
178. Both Race and Class: A Time for Anger
179. Fear of a Black Feminist Planet
180. Response to the Million Man March
181. What Farrakhan Left Out
182. Clean-Money Campaign Finance Reform
183. Proportional Representation
184. We Can Educate All Our Children
185. Algebra as Civil Rights: An Interview with Bob Moses
186. Pulpit Politics: Religion and the Black Radical Tradition
187. Some Truths Are Not Self-Evident
188. Don't Need Another Dr. King