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Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry

Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry - 2nd edition

Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 9780716735533

ISBN10: 0716735539

Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry by Geoffrey Rayner-Canham - ISBN 9780716735533
Edition: 2ND 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: W.H. Freeman
International: No
Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry by Geoffrey Rayner-Canham - ISBN 9780716735533

ISBN13: 9780716735533

ISBN10: 0716735539

Edition: 2ND 00

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The new edition of Geoff Rayner-Canham's bestselling text again sets the standard for the introductory-level, descriptive-based inorganic chemistry course. Moving from basic concepts to systematic coverage of specific elements and compounds, the book uses the periodic table as a framework for understanding chemical properties and uncovering little-recognized relationships between elements in different groups. The book also familiarizes students with the rich historical background of inorganic chemistry as well as with crucial applications, especially in regards to industrial processes and environmental issues.

  • Emphasis on trends across the periodic table
  • Significant attention to industrial processes
  • End-of-chapter review questions have students compare and contrast properties of various compounds
  • Boxes highlight interesting, little-known facts about chemicals and chemists
  • The expanded coverage of applications includes eight new color applications-based features, plus additional discussions on topics in materials science, atmospheric chemistry, industrial chemistry, and bioinorganic chemistry.
  • "Beyond the Basics" problems requiring critical thinking, have been added at the ends of chapters, to help professors make their courses more challenging and less memory based.
  • The increased use of the periodic table builds on the book's established framework to reveal even even more aspects of periodicity.
  • A new emphasis on hard-soft/acid-base concept brings in ideas increasingly being used to explain the properties and behavior of inorganic compounds. Complete new sections on this topic have been added to chapters 8 and 18.
  • Expanded chapters on bonding provide a more thorough introduction.
  • End-of-Chapter Additional Resources can be used in essay assignments.
  • Revised IUPAC-ACS symbols and names for postacinoid elements are now used throughout.
  • Appendix Data Tables help students tackle quantitative problems without having to search for the appropriate data from other sources.
  • Element Reaction Flow-Charts at the end of each descriptive chapter, help students recall the large number and wide variety of chemical reactions and see how they are related.

Author Bio

Rayner-Canham, Geoff : Sir Wilfred Grenfell College

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

* = New to this Edition

Chapter 1 The Electronic Structure of the Atom: A Review

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
The Schrödinger Wave Equation and Its Significance
Shapes of the Atomic Orbitals
The Polyelectronic Atom
Ion Electron Configurations
Magnetic Properties of Atoms

Chapter 2 An Overview of the Periodic Table

Organization of the Modern Periodic Table
Existence of the Elements
Stability of the Elements and Their Isotopes
Classifications of the Elements
Periodic Properties: Atomic Radius
Periodic Properties: Ionization Energy
Periodic Properties: Electron Affinity
Biochemistry of the Elements

Chapter 3 Covalent Bonding

Introduction to Molecular Orbital Theory
Molecular Orbitals for Period 1 Diatomic Molecules
Molecular Orbitals for Period 2 Diatomic Molecules
Molecular Orbitals for Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules
Lewis Theory
Partial Bond Order
Formal Charge
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory
*Valence-Bond Theory
Network Covalent Substances
Intermolecular Forces
Dispersion (London) Forces
Dipole-Dipole Forces
Hydrogen Bonding
Covalent Bonding and the Periodic Table

Chapter 4 Metallic Bonding

*Metallic Bonding
Bonding Models
Structure of Metals
Unit Cells

Chapter 5 Ionic Bonding

Periodic trends in bonding added
Characteristics of Ionic Compounds
Trends in Melting Points
Polarization and Covalency
Hydration of Ions
The Ionic Lattice
The Bond Triangle
*Periodic Trends in Bonding

Chapter 6 Inorganic Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics of the Formation of Compounds
Formation of Ionic Compounds
Born-Haber Cycle
Thermodynamics of the Solution Process for Ionic Compounds
Formation of Covalent Compounds
Thermodynamic versus Kinetic Factors

Chapter 7 Hydrogen

Isotopes of Hydrogen
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Properties of Hydrogen
Preparation of Dihydrogen
Water and Hydrogen Bonding
The Hydroxyl Radical
Biological Aspects of Hydrogen Bonding
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 8 Acids and Bases

Treatment of acid-base theory enhanced
Brønsted-Lowry Theory
Acid-Base Equilibrium Constants
Brønsted-Lowry Acids
Brønsted-Lowry Bases
*Trends in Acid-Base Behavior
Acid-Base Reactions of Oxides
Lewis Theory
*Pearson Hard-Soft Acid-Base Concepts
Applications of the HSAB Concept
Application of the HSAB Concept to Qualitative Analysis
The HSAB Concept in Geochemistry
Interpretation of the HSAB Concept
*Biological Aspects

Chapter 9 Oxidation and Reduction

Expanded coverage of Frost and Pourbaix diagrams
Redox Terminology
Oxidation Number Rules
Determination of Oxidation Numbers from Electronegativities
The Difference Between Oxidation Number and Formal Charge
Periodic Variations of Oxidation Numbers
Redox Equations
Quantitative Aspects of Half-Reactions
Electrode Potentials as Thermodynamic Functions
Latimer (Reduction Potential) Diagrams
Frost (Oxidation State) Diagrams
Pourbaix Diagrams
Ellingham Diagrams and the Extraction of Metals
Biological Aspects

Chapter 10 The Group 1 Elements: The Alkali Metals

Group Trends
Common Features of Alkali Metal Compounds
Solubility of Alkali Metal Salts
Flame Colors
Sodium Chloride
Potassium Chloride
Sodium Carbonate
Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate
Ammonia Reaction
Ammonium as a Pseudo-Alkali Metal Ion
Similarities Between Lithium and the Alkaline Earth Metals
Biological Aspects
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 11 The Group 2 Elements: The Alkaline Earth Metals

Group Trends
Common Features of Alkaline Earth Metal Compounds
Solubility of Alkaline Earth Metal Salts
Calcium and Barium
Calcium Carbonate
Calcium Chloride
Magnesium and Calcium Sulfates
Calcium Carbide
Similarities Between Beryllium and Aluminum
Biological Aspects
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 12 The Group 13 Elements

Group Trends
Sodium Tetrahydridoborate
Boron Trifluoride
Boron Trichloride
Boron-Nitrogen Analogs of Carbon Compounds
Aluminum Halides
Aluminum Potassium Sulfate
Thallium and the Inert-Pair Effect
Similarities Between Boron and Silicon
Biological Aspects
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 13 The Group 14 Elements

Group Trends
Isotopes of Carbon
The Extensive Chemistry of Carbon
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Dioxide
Hydrogen Carbonates and Carbonates
Carbon Disulfide
*Carbonyl Sulfide
Carbon Tetrahalides
The Greenhouse Effect
Silicon Dioxide
Tin and Lead
Tin and Lead Oxides
Tin and Lead Chlorides
Biological Aspects
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 14 The Group 15 Elements

Group Trends
Anomalous Nature of Nitrogen
Overview of Nitrogen Chemistry
Nitrogen Fertilizers and the Industrial Synthesis of Ammonia
The Ammonium Ion
Other Hydrides of Nitrogen
Nitrogen Oxides
*The Nitrate Radical
Nitrogen Halides
Nitrous Acid
Nitric Acid
Overview of Phosphorus Chemistry
Allotropes of Phosphorus
Industrial Extraction of Phosphorus
Phosphorus Oxides
Phosphorus Chlorides
*Phosphorus Oxychloride
Common Oxyacids of Phosphorus
Biological Aspects
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 15 The Group 16 Elements

Group Trends
Anomalous Nature of Oxygen
Bonding in Covalent Oxygen Compounds
Trends in Oxygen Compounds
Mixed Metal Oxides
Hydrogen Peroxide
*The Hydroxyl Radical
Allotropes of Sulfur
Industrial Extraction of Sulfur
Hydrogen Sulfide
Sulfur Oxides
Sulfuric Acid
Industrial Synthesis of Sulfuric Acid
Hydrogen Sulfates
Sulfur Halides
Sulfur-Nitrogen Compounds
Biological Aspects
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 16 The Group 17 Elements: The Halogens

Group Trends
Anomalous Nature of Fluorine
Hydrogen Fluoride and Hydrofluoric Acid
Hydrochloric Acid
Halogen Oxides
Chlorine Oxyacids and Oxyanions
Interhalogen Compounds and Polyhalide Ions
Biological Aspects
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 17 The Group 18 Elements: The Noble Gases

Group Trends
Unique Features of Helium
Uses of the Noble Gases
A Brief History of Noble Gas Compounds
Xenon Fluorides
Xenon Oxides
Biological Aspects
* Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 18 Introduction to Transition Metal Complexes

Adds new sections on organometallic compounds and on biological aspects
Transition Metals
Transition Metal Complexes
Isomerism in Transition Metal Complexes
Naming Transition Metal Complexes
An Overview of Bonding Theories of Transition Metal Compounds
Crystal Field Theory
Successes of Crystal Field Theory
More on Electronic Spectra
Molecular Orbital Theory
*Organometallic Compounds
Coordination Equilibria
*Coordination Complexes and HSAB Theory
*Biological Aspects

Chapter 19 Properties of the Transition Metals

Overview of the Transition Metals
Group 4: Titanium, Zirconium, and Hafnium
Group 5: Vanadium, Niobium, and Tantalum
Group 6: Chromium, Molybdenum, and Tungsten
Sulfur (VI) Compounds
Group 7: Manganese, Technetium, and Rhenium
Chlorine (VII) Compounds
The Platinum Metals
Group 11: Copper, Silver, and Gold
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 20 The Group 12 Elements

Group Trends
Zinc and Cadmium
Biological Aspects
*Element Reaction Flow-Chart

Chapter 21 The Rare Earth and Actinoid Elements

Properties of the Rare Earth Elements
Properties of the Actinoids
Extraction of Uranium
The Postactinoid Elements--updated!

*Color Features--All new!

1. Applications of Inorganic Chemistry
2. Memory Metal: The Shape of Things to Come
3. Chemosynthesis: Redox Chemistry on the Sea Floor
4. Concrete: An Old Material with a New Future
5. New Minerals: Going Beyond the Limitations of Geochemistry
6. Cosmochemistry: Io, the Sulfur-Rich Moon
7. Technetium: A Rare Element with an Important Medical Use
8. Glass: Ancient Bottles and Modern Lenses