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Discovering Grammar : An Introduction to English Sentence Structure

Discovering Grammar : An Introduction to English Sentence Structure - 00 edition

Discovering Grammar : An Introduction to English Sentence Structure - 00 edition

ISBN13: 9780195129847

ISBN10: 0195129849

Discovering Grammar : An Introduction to English Sentence Structure by Anne Lobeck - ISBN 9780195129847
Edition: 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: Oxford University Press
International: No
Discovering Grammar : An Introduction to English Sentence Structure by Anne Lobeck - ISBN 9780195129847

ISBN13: 9780195129847

ISBN10: 0195129849

Edition: 00

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This introduction to basic sentence structure encourages readers to explore grammar through critical thinking and analysis of a variety of different texts including excerpts from poetry, novels, television, movies, and more. Part One provides an overview of different definitions of and approaches to grammar, outlining the approach to descriptive grammar taken in the text. Part Two introduces each syntactic category and highlights the basic division between lexical and grammatical categories. Part Three focuses on the structure of sentences. The book incorporates several types of exercises including ''discovery problems,'' text analysis, and language diversity exercises.

Author Bio

Lobeck, Anne : Western Washington University

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Each chapter opens with an Introduction and closes with a Summary, Discovery Problems, Text Analysis, Language Diversity Exercises, Chapter Review Terms, and Chapter Review Exercises

1. Grammar and Our Knowledge of Language

The Components of Grammar
Descriptive and Prescriptive Grammar
Standard English
The Approach to Grammar in This Book

2. Some Syntactic Fundamentals: Categories and Phrases

Syntactic Categories
Grammatical and Lexical Categories
Phrase Structure

3. Evidence for Phrases: Movement, Pronominalization, and Coordination


4. Nouns

Semantic Classes of Nouns
The Morphology of Nouns
The Syntax of the Noun Phrase
Categories that Introduce Nouns: Determiners, Numerals and Quantifiers

5. The Forms and Meanings of Verbs

The Semantics of Verbs
The Morphology of Verbs
Semantic Tense and Aspect
Future Tense and Modals
Grammatical Verbs: Auxiliaries and Modals

6. The Syntax of the Verb Phrase

A Phrase Structure Rule for Verb Phrase
Negation and Do-Insertion
Not Contraction
Subject-Auxiliary Inversion and Tag
The Grammatical Category Auxiliary

7. Adjectives and Adjective Phrases

The Semantics of Adjectives
The Morphology of Adjectives
Categories That Introduce Adjectives: Degree Words
The Syntax of the Adjective Phrase
Adjective Phrase Positions

8. Adverbs and Adverb Phrases

Semantic Classes of Adverbs
The Morphology of Adverbs
Categories That Introduce Adverbs: Degree Words
Adverb Phrase Positions

9. Prepositions

The Semantics of Prepositions
The Morphology of Prepositions
Categories That Introduce Prepositions
Prepositions: A Grammatical or Lexical Category?
The Phrase Structure of Prespositional Phrases
Intransitive Prepositions: Particles
More Prepositional Phrases

10. The Sentence: Clause Structure, Subordination, and Coordination

The Structure of the Clause: NP and VP
Independent and Subordinate Clauses
Types of Subordinate Clauses

11. Complements

Complements of Verbs
Complements of Other Lexical Categories

12. Adjuncts in the Verb Phrase

Prepositional Phrase Adjuncts
Adverb Phrase and Adverbial Noun Phrase Adjuncts
Participial Phrase Adjuncts
Adjective Phrase Adjuncts
Clausal Adjuncts

13. Adjuncts in the Noun Phrase

Appositive Noun Phrases
Restrictive Relative Clauses
Nonrestrictive Relative Clauses
Free Relative Clauses