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Discovering Psychology , Text and Study Guide

Discovering Psychology , Text and Study Guide - 2nd edition

Discovering Psychology , Text and Study Guide - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 9781572599666

ISBN10: 1572599669

Discovering Psychology , Text and Study Guide by Don H. Hockenbury and Sandra E. Hockenbury - ISBN 9781572599666
Edition: 2ND 01
Copyright: 2001
Publisher: Worth Publishers, Inc.
International: No
Discovering Psychology , Text and Study Guide by Don H. Hockenbury and Sandra E. Hockenbury - ISBN 9781572599666

ISBN13: 9781572599666

ISBN10: 1572599669

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This briefer, streamlined version of Don and Sandra Hockenbury's acclaimed text, Psychology, Second Edition, warmly invites students to explore the science that speaks most directly to their everyday lives. Using a narrative rich with engaging anecdotes and real-life stories--often drawn from the authors' own lives and experiences--Discovering Psychology helps to clarify abstract concepts and psychological principles. With its smart pedagogy, attractive design and state-of-the-classroom media and supplements package, there is no text better equipped for introducing students to the science that speaks most directly to their everyday lives.

  • A warm, personal voice that engages students and helps them see the applications of psychology to real life. While the text is rich in scholarship and research, the language is neither overwhelming nor confusing.
  • Brief paperback format provides students with a streamlined, inexpensive overview to introductory psychology. A FREE study guide is automatically included with every copy of the text.
  • Creative Pedagogy: Chapter Opening Prologues share interesting anecdotes that directly relate to chapter material; Chapter Outlines; Advance Organizers precede major sections; Concept Reviews follow each major section and reinforce learning; and Key People and Chapter Summaries provide students with a clear review of all key terms, concepts, and contributors to the field and topics.
  • Innovative Boxes: Critical Thinking boxes; Culture and Human Behavior boxes highlight gender, cross-cultural, and multicultural issues; Science versus Pseudoscience boxes challenge students to evaluate evidence critically; and Psychology In Focus boxes offer a closer look at interesting topics related to core material
  • End-of-chapter applications show how psychological research can be used to enhance personal potential and solve everyday problems
  • Gender and sexuality coverage appears throughout the text, as appropriate (notably in Chapters 5 and 8). (Unlike its parent text, ~Discovering Psychology~ does not have a separate chapter on gender due to its brief length.)
  • Chapter 1, "Introduction and Research Methods" was revised and updated to give greater emphasis to the research foundations of psychology. A new experiment testing the validity of the "Mozart Effect" is used to explain the scientific method. Also, new studies have been added to illustrate the use of correlational research, naturalistic observation, and natural experiments.
  • Chapter 5, "Learning," has been reorganized and updated to better match the way most instructors teach this topic. Note: The learning chapter is often considered to be one of the most important chapters in an introductory psychology textbook. The new edition features a significantly revised--and greatly improved--learning chapter.
  • New, more pedagogical layout and design. Every aspect of the book's design serves the needs of the students and instructors. The Chapter Openers, Advance Organizers, and Concept Reviews are more prominent and help students identify and benefit from these features. The art program stands as one of the best in the introductory psychology market. Note: Students find the biological coverage of the course to be particularly daunting. The art program for the biology chapter in Hockenbury is clear, annotated, and is then animated on the Web site and CD-ROM. The art program, particularly for Chapter 2, stands apart from the competition.
  • Current research with more than 500 new references (most from the late 1990s). New research has been incorporated into virtually every chapter. A sampling of the new topics includes: the evolutionary perspective, neurogenesis in the adult human brain, brain structures in vision, bottom-up and top-down processing in perception, subliminal perception, advances in explaining dreams, observational learning in animals, implicit and explicit memory, evolution and mate preferences, and personality disorders.
  • New Chapter Prologues have been added for Chapters 1, 4, and 9. New Critical Thinking, In Focus, and Science versus Pseudoscience boxes have been included throughout the second edition.
  • A significantly revised and expanded supplements package with greatly enriched video, multimedia, and print resources (see detailed listing).

Author Bio

Hockenbury, Don H. : Tulsa Community College

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

To the Instructor
To the Student: Learning from Discovering Psychology

1. Introduction and Research Methods

PROLOGUE: Wired for Wolfgang?
Introduction: The Origins of Psychology
Contemporary Psychology
The Scientific Method
Descriptive Methods
The Experimental Method
Ethics in Psychological Research

2. The Biological Foundations of Behavior

PROLOGUE: Asha's Story
Introduction: The Scope of Biological Psychology
The Neuron: The Basic Unit of Communication
The Nervous System and the Endocrine System: Communication
Throughout the Body
Studying the Brain: The Toughest Case to Crack
A Guided Tour of the Brain
Specialization in the Cerebral Hemispheres
The Brain's Capacity to Change

3. Sensation and Perception

PROLOGUE: Don't Ask These Guys to Stop and Smell the Roses
Introduction: What Are Sensation and Perception?
Vision: From Light to Sight
Hearing: From Vibration to Sound
The Chemical and Body Senses: Smell, Taste, Touch, and Position
Perceptual Illusions
The Effects of Experience on Perceptual Interpretations

4. Consciousness and Its Variations

PROLOGUE: A Scream in the Night
Introduction: Consciousness: Experiencing the "Private I"
Biological and Environmental "Clocks" That Regulate Consciousness
Dreams and Mental Activity During Sleep
Psychoactive Drugs

5. Learning

PROLOGUE: The Killer Attic
Introduction: What Is Learning?
Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli
Contemporary Views of Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning: Associating Behaviors and Consequences
Contemporary Views of Operant Conditioning
Observational Learning: Imitating the Actions of Others
The Learning Perspectives in Perspective

6. Memory

PROLOGUE: The Drowning
Introduction: What Is Memory?
The Stage Model of Memory
Retrieval: Getting Information from Long-Term Memory
Reconstructing Memories: Sources of Potential Errors
Forgetting: You Forgot the Plane Tickets?!
The Search for the Biological Basis of Memory

7. Thinking, Language, and Intelligence

PROLOGUE: Mr. And Ms. Fix-It
Introduction: Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
Solving Problems and Making Decisions
Language and Thought
Measuring Intelligence
The Nature of Intelligence

8. Motivation and Emotion

PROLOGUE: Soaring with Angels
Introduction: Motivation and Emotion
The Motivation to Eat
Sexual Motivation and Behavior
Arousal Motives: Curiosity and Sensation Seeking
Competence and Achievement Motivation
Explaining Emotions: Key Theories

9. Life Span Development

PROLOGUE: Themes and Variations
Introduction: Your Life Story
Genetic Contributions to Your Life Story
Prenatal Development
Development During Infancy and Childhood
Adult Development
Late Adulthood and Aging
The Final Chapter: Dying and Death

10. Personality

PROLOGUE: The Secret Twin
Introduction: What Is Personality?
The Psychoanalytic Perspective on Personality
The Humanistic Perspective on Personality
The Social Cognitive Perspective on Personality
The Trait Perspective on Personality
Assessing Personality: Psychological Tests

11. Social Psychology

PROLOGUE: The Homeless Man
Introduction: What Is Social Psychology?
Person Perception: Forming Impressions of Other People
Attribution: Explaining Behavior
The Social Psychology of Attitudes
Understanding Prejudice
Conformity: Following the Crowd
Obedience: Just Following Orders
Helping Behavior: Coming to the Aid of Strangers

12. Stress, Health, and Coping

PROLOGUE: Thank God It's Friday?
Introduction: What Is Stress?
Physical Effects of Stress: The Mind-Body Connection
Individual Factors That Influence the Response to Stress
Coping: How People Deal with Stress

13. Psychological Disorders

PROLOGUE: Behind the Steel Door
Introduction: Understanding Psychological Disorders
Anxiety Disorders: Intense Apprehension and Worry
Mood Disorders: Emotions Gone Awry
Personality Disorders: Maladaptive Traits
The Dissociative Disorders: Fragmentation of the Self
Schizophrenia: A Different Reality

14. Therapies

PROLOGUE: "A Clear Sense of Being Heard . . ."
Introduction: Psychotherapy and Biomedical Therapy
Psychoanalytic Therapy
Humanistic Therapy
Behavior Therapy
Cognitive Therapies
Group and Family Therapy
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Psychotherapy
Biomedical Therapies

APPENDIX Statistics: Understanding Data
Marie D. Thomas, California State University, San Marco
PROLOGUE: The Tables Are Turned: A Psychologist Becomes a Research Subject
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics