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Essentials of Biological Anthropology (Text and Study Guide)

Essentials of Biological Anthropology (Text and Study Guide) - 99 edition

Essentials of Biological Anthropology (Text and Study Guide) - 99 edition

ISBN13: 9780130130839

ISBN10: 0130130834

Essentials of Biological Anthropology (Text and Study Guide) by Noel T. Boaz and Alan J. Almquist - ISBN 9780130130839
Edition: 99
Copyright: 1999
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.
International: No
Essentials of Biological Anthropology (Text and Study Guide) by Noel T. Boaz and Alan J. Almquist - ISBN 9780130130839

ISBN13: 9780130130839

ISBN10: 0130130834

Edition: 99
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For the one-term physical or biological anthropology course taught at the freshman/sophomore level in anthropology and/or biology departments at two-and four-year schools. Its brief coverage of all of the key concepts taught in this course allows professors to more easily assign supplementary materials.

This new essentials version of Boaz/Almquist, Biological Anthropology, is strongly evolutionary in perspective in the belief that evolution is the only unifying theory that can clearly explain the existing array of biological and cultural data. Students learn the basics of anthropological theory and human genetics before covering the topics of vertebrate evolution, primate evolution and social behavior, human evolution and behavior, and human variation and adaptation.

Author Bio

Boaz, Noel T. : University of Oregon

Almquist, Alan J. : California State University-Hayward

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1 Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Biology and Behavior

Anthropology Studies Humankind
Subjects That Biological Anthropologists Study
The Language of Biological Anthropology
Reconstructing the Evolutionary History of Species
The Perspective of Human Evolution

2 Genetics and Evolution by Natural Selection

DNA: The Reproductive Machinery of the Cell
The DNA Molecule Evolves
The Cell Nucleus Evolves
Evolution of DNA Repair and Sexual Reproduction
Evolution of Mitosis and Meiosis
Darwin's Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection
Development of a Theory of Inheritance
Mutation: The Source of Genetic Variation
The Puzzle of Sexual Reproduction

3 Populations, Species, and Evolution

How Individuals Within Populations Vary
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium and Population Genetics
How Evolution Changes Population Allele Frequencies
How New Species Are Formed
Evolution of Behavior

4 Stages of Vertebrate Evolution

Homologous Structures
Clues from Morphology, Embryology, and Paleontology
The Chordates
The First Vertebrates: Our Fish Heritage
First Forays onto Dry Land: The Amphibians
Reptiles Conquer the Land
Mammals Evolve and Radiate
The Human Brain in Evolutionary Perspective
Mammals and Adaptive Radiation Understanding Human Morphology

5 Introduction to Primates: Origins and Evolution

What Is a Primate?
The First Primate Radiation: Plesiadapiforms
The Second Primate Radiation: Prosimians Behavior and Social Organization of Prosimians
The Third Primate Radiation: Anthropoids
Origins and Evolution of the Monkeys

6 Primates: Patterns in Social Behavior

Field Studies
Advantages of Group Living
Development of Behavioral Modeling
Male and Female Reproductive Strategies
Primate Foraging and Feeding
Primate Defenses Against Predation
Aggression and Dominance Interactions
Birth and the Mother-Infant Bond
Learning as Adaptation to Sociality

7 Introduction to the Hominoids

The Living Hominoids Minus People: Apes
Proconsulids: The Earliest Hominoids
Hominoids with Thick Molar Enamel Appear
Ape Evolution in Eurasia
Evolutionary Relationships Among Hominoids

8 Australopithecines

Definition of Hominidae
The Earliest Hominids
What the Earliest Hominid Looked Like
Why Are Hominid Fossils Rare?
The Australopithecines
Hominid Morphology and Behavior
Australopithecine Paleoecology and Behavior
Robust Australopithecines

9 The Genus Homo

Major Physical Changes
Homo habilis
The First Stone Tools
Homo erectus Comes onto the Scene
The Appearance of Homo sapiens

10 The Evolution of Hominoid and Human Behavior

The Great Apes
Human Social Behavior
Reconstructing Early Human Behavior

11 Human Biology and Variation

The Nature of Human Genetic Variation
How Variation Is Measured
The Process of Geographic Isolation
Early Studies of Human Variation
Using Genetic Markers to Trace Population Relatedness
How Natural Selection Causes Human Variation
Genetic Influence on Behavioral Variation

12 The Human Life Cycle: Human Biology, Growth, and Adaptability

Human Growth Studies
Human Adaptability to Environment
Nutritional and Dietary Aspects of Adaptation
Modern Life and Human Evolution

13 The Modern Human Condition in Evolutionary Perspective: Applied Biological Anthropology

Premises and Goals of Applied Biological Anthropology
Biomedical Anthropology and Evolutionary Medicine
Biological Anthropology, Human Ecology, and Quality of Life

Appendix 1 The Language of Biological Anthropology: Human Anatomy
Appendix 2 The Language of Biological Anthropology: Geology
Appendix 3 The Language of Biological Anthropology: Biology and Taxonomy
Illustration Credits