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Exercise Physiology : Exercise, Performance and Clinical Applications

Exercise Physiology : Exercise, Performance and Clinical Applications - 97 edition

Exercise Physiology : Exercise, Performance and Clinical Applications - 97 edition

ISBN13: 9780815172413

ISBN10: 0815172419

Exercise Physiology : Exercise, Performance and Clinical Applications by Robert A. Robergs and Scott O. Roberts - ISBN 9780815172413
Edition: 97
Copyright: 1997
Publisher: C.V. Mosby Co.
International: No
Exercise Physiology : Exercise, Performance and Clinical Applications by Robert A. Robergs and Scott O. Roberts - ISBN 9780815172413

ISBN13: 9780815172413

ISBN10: 0815172419

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This ground-breaking text is designed for students in exercise physiology and advanced exercise physiology courses taught out of departments of physical education, physical therapy, kinesiology, exercise science, pre-med, and allied health disciplines. Comprehensive and practical, this text offers a clinical emphasis throughout, and examines both the acute and chronic adaptations of exercise upon the individual.

Clinical Applications of content are highlighted, and integrated into selected chapters to provide greater relevance to a diverse audience. Focuses on acute and chronic adaptations to exercise in Chapters 9 through 12 by examining how the individual adapts to exercise during immediate and long-term timeframes. Also applies this information throughout the text .

Chapter 2 provides more detail on bioenergetics and thermodynamics with examples that pertain to exercise physiology rather than physics. Chapter 3 provides a separate chapter for coverage of enzyme function.

Provides a separate chapter on bone function and adaptation, with an emphasis on prevention of bone loss through proper nutrition and exercise.
Provides separate chapters on immune function, fatigue, gender, aging, and pediatrics, and emphasizes prevention and the benefits of exercise in each.

Exercise at different altitudes, exercise in hot and in humid environments, exercise in air pollution, and unique coverage of exercise during exposure to altered gravitational forces are detailed in Chapter 26.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Part I: Fundamentals

1 Exercise Physiology: Past, Present, and Future

What is Exercise Physiology?
Development of Exercise Physiology
Scandinavian Influence
Recent Status of Exercise Physiology
Academic Development of Exercise Physiology
New Frontiers of Exercise-Related Research

2 Bioenergetics and the Design of Cellular Metabolism

Energy Transfer
Design of Cellular Metabolism

3 Enzyme Function and Regulation

Why Enzymes Regulate Metabolism
Enzyme Structure
Enzyme Function
Examples of Enzyme Regulation

4 Catabolism: Skeletal Muscle, the Liver, and Adipose Tissue

Metabolism: Catabolism and Anabolism
Catabolism During Exercise
Catabolism in Skeletal Muscle
Catabolism in the Liver
Catabolism in Adipose Tissue
Metabolic Connections Between Skeletal Muscle, the Liver, and Adipose Tissue

5 Anabolism: Skeletal Muscle, the Liver, and Adipose Tissue


6 Ergometry and Calorimetry


7 Muscle Contraction

Types of Muscle in the Human Body
Specific Structure and Function of Muscle

8 Neuromuscular Function and the Control of Movement

Divisions of the Nervous System
The Synapse
Autonomic Nervous System
Importance of Membrane Receptors
Nerve-Muscle Interactions
Voluntary Motor Functions
Motor Units and Muscle Fiber Types

Part II: Systemic Responses to Exercise

9 Neuromuscular Adaptations to Exercise

Metabolic Contribution of Muscle Fiber Types During Exercise
Fiber Type Determinants of Exercise Performance
Metabolism in Muscle Fiber Types During the Recovery From Exercise
Training Adaptations
Disuse Atrophy

10 Muscle Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise

Importance of Exercise Intensity and Duration /Acute Adaptations
Chronic Adaptations

11 Cardiovascular Function and Adaptation to Exercise

Components of the Cardiovascular System
Acute Adaptations to Exercise
Chronic Adaptations to Exercise

12 Pulmonary Adaptations to Exercise

Basic Anatomy of the Lung and Pulmonary Circulation
Lung Volumes and Capacities
Multiple Functions of the Lung
Acute Adaptations of Pulmonary Function During Exercise
Chronic Adaptations

13 Neuroendocrine Adaptations to Exercise

Neuroendocrine System
Acute Adaptations of the Neuroendocrine System in Exercise
Chronic Adaptations of the Neuroendocrine System to Exercise

14 Bone Function and Adaptation to Exercise

Skeletal System
Bone Growth and Remodeling
Changes in Bone Remodeling During the Life Cycle

15 Immune Function Adaptations to Exercise

Immune System
Exercise and Changes in the Immune System

Part III: Aids to Exercise Performance

16 Training for Sport and Performance

Defining Fitness and Training
Important Principles of Training and Training Terminology
Training for Specific Performance Improvement

17 Nutrition and Exercise

Nutrients of the Body
Optimizing Nutrition for Exercise

18 Ergogenic Aids to Exercise Performance

Ergogenic Aids in Sports and Athletics

Part IV: Measurements of Physiologic Composition and Capacities

19 Measuring Endurance, Anaerobic Capacity, and Strength

Metabolic Determinants of Physiologic Capacities
Measurement Versus Prediction
Measuring Cardiorespiratory and Muscular Endurance
Predicting Cardiorespiratory and Muscular Endurance
Measuring Maximal Muscle Power and Anaerobic Capacity

20 Measuring Pulmonary Function and Ventilatory Control

Overview of Pulmonary Function Testing

21 Estimating Body Composition

Defining Body Composition Terminology
Adult Norms for Body Fatness and Health and Fitness
Youth Norms for Body Fatness and Health and Fitness
Determining Desirable Weight
Historical Development of Body Composition Analysis
Component System of Body Composition and Densitometry
Body Composition Testing Methods and Procedures Part: Special Topics within Exercise Physiology

Part V: Special Topics within Exercise Physiology

22 Factors Contributing to Fatigue During Exercise

Main Types of Fatigue During Exercise
Limitations to Maximal Oxygen Consumption

23 Gender and Exercise Performance

General Comparison of Male and Female Structure and Function
Special Concerns for Women Who Exercise

24 Exercise and Aging

Theories of Aging
Chronologic Age Versus Biologic Age
Normal Physiologic Changes with Aging
Exercise Prescription for the Elderly
Special Precautions

25 Pediatric Exercise Science

The Emerging Field of Pediatric Exercise Science
Limitations of Research in Pediatric Exercise Physiology
Fitness and Health Status of American Children
Coronary Artery Disease and Children
Preventive Heart Disease in Children
Growth and Development
Exercise, Growth, and Development
Age-Appropriate Fitness Activities
Trainability of Children
Aerobic Capacity in Children
Anaerobic Capacity in Children
Muscular Strength and Endurance
Special Considerations

26 Exercise in Extreme Environments

Overview of Extreme Environments

Part VI: Exercise and Health

27 Exercise, Health, and Disease

Physical Activity, Health and Disease
Exercise and Cardiovascular Disorders
Epidemiology of Atherosclerosis and the Detection of Risk Factors
Pathophysiology of Atherosclerosis
Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease
Can Coronary Atherosclerosis be Reversed?
Role of Exercise and Coronary Artery Disease
Overview of Cardiac Rehabilitation
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Bronchitis and Emphysema
Low-Back Pain

28 Clinical Evaluation of Exercise Tolerance

Indications and Uses of Clinical Exercise Testing
Risk Stratification
Contraindications to Clinical Exercise Testing
Myocardial Infarction
Exercise-Induced Arrhythmias
Conducting the Clinical Exercise Test
Exercise Test Sequence
Interpretation of Exercise Test Results
Predictive Value of Clinical Exercise Testing
Other Diagnostic Cardiovascular Testing Procedures
Becoming Certified as an Exercise Test Technologist
Stress Testing Case Studies

29 Exercise, Diet, and Weight Control

Essential Principles of Nutrition
Body Weight Control

30 Training for Health and Fitness

Health-Related Fitness
Program Design for Apparently Healthy Individuals
Programs for Muscular Strength and Endurance
Programs for Cardiorespiratory Endurance
Programs for Developing Flexibility
Body Composition


A. Conversion Charts
B. Gas Laws and Indirect Calorimetry
C. Nutrient Recommendations for Canadians