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Exploring Literature

Exploring Literature - 01 edition

Exploring Literature - 01 edition

ISBN13: 9780321011831

ISBN10: 032101183X

Exploring Literature by Frank Madden - ISBN 9780321011831
Edition: 01
Copyright: 2001
Publisher: Longman, Inc.
International: No
Exploring Literature by Frank Madden - ISBN 9780321011831

ISBN13: 9780321011831

ISBN10: 032101183X

Edition: 01

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With engaging selections, a strong emphasis on the writing process, and a visually appealing design, this thematically arranged literature anthology is sure to capture readers' attention. The first five chapters offer comprehensive coverage of reading and writing including a highly praised Chapter 4: ''Interpretation, Evaluation, and Argument'' giving readers the detailed guidance and the confidence they need to write strong essays. The anthology section is organized around five themes Family and Friends, Women and Men, Heritage and Identity, Culture and Class, and Faith and Doubt. Each theme contains a theme-opening photo, ''Dialogue across History'' which contain compelling quotes from famous and not-so-famous writers, and ''Case Studies in Composition'' which focus on a different aspect of interpretation in each theme. Most authors are represented by a photo to help readers connect to the humanity of the authors.

For anyone interested in literature.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents



l. Participation: Personal Response and Critical Thinking.

Writing to Learn.
Ourselves as Readers.

Peter Meinke, Advice to My Son.
Images of Ourselves.

Stevie Smith, Not Waving, But Drowning.
Culture, Experience, and Values.

Countee Cullen, Incident.

Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays.

Marge Piercy, Barbie Doll.
The Whole and Its Parts.

Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham.

2. Communication: Writing About Literature.

The Response Essay.
Voice and Writing.
Voice and Response to Literature.

Sandra Cisneros, Eleven.

Anna Quindlen, Mothers.

Langston Hughes, Salvation.
Writing to Describe.
Writing to Compare.
Possible Worlds.
Response to Literature: Describing and Comparing.
Staying Anchored in the Literature.
Checklist: Developing a Response Essay.
From First Response to Essay.
Using Initial Responses.
Directed Freewriting.
Semantic Mapping or Clustering.
Mix and Match.
The Response Essay: Composing a Draft.
Revision Checklist.
Editing Checklist.


3. Exploration and Analysis: Genre and the Elements of Literature.

Your First Response.
Close Reading.
Annotating the Text.

Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias.
Literature in Its Many Contexts.
Your Critical Approach.
Interpretive Communities.
Reading and Analyzing Fiction.
Conflict and Plot.
Language and Style.
Theme: What Does the Story Mean?
Summary Checklist: Analyzing Fiction.
Getting Ideas for Writing about Fiction.

Langston Hughes, One Friday Morning.
Generating Ideas for Writing.
Reading and Analyzing Poetry.
Language and Style.

Stephen Crane, War Is Kind.

Helen Chassin, The Word 'Plum'.

Robert Browning, Meeting at Night.
Figurative Language.

Langston Hughes, A Dream Deferred.

N. Scott Momaday, Simile.

Carl Sandburg, Fog.

H.D. Oread.

James Stephens, The Wind.

Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken.

Tess Gallagher, The Hug.
Sound and Structure.
Rhyme, Alliteration, Assonance.
Formal Verse: The Sonnet.

William Shakespeare, Sonnet #29.

Edna St. Vincent Millay, Love Is Not All.
Blank Verse.
Free Verse.

Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer.
Interpretation: What Does the Poem Mean?
Types of Poetry.
Lyric Poetry.
Narrative Poetry.
Summary Checklist: Analyzing Poetry.
Getting Ideas for Writing about Poetry.

May Swenson, Pigeon Woman.
Generating Ideas for Writing.
Reading and Analyzing Drama.
Point of View.
Set and Setting.
Conflict and Plot.
Periods of Drama: A Brief Background.
Greek Drama.
Shakespearian Drama.
Modern Drama.
Summary Checklist: Analyzing Drama.
Getting Ideas for Writing about Drama.

Sophocles, Antigone.
Generating Ideas for Writing.
Reading and Analyzing the Essay.
Types of Essays.
Language, Style, and Structure.
Theme or Thesis.
Summary Checklist: Analyzing Essays.
Getting Ideas for Writing about Essays.

Amy Tan, Mother Tongue.
Generating Ideas for Writing.

4. Argumentation: Interpreting and Evaluating.

The Critical Essay.
Choosing a Topic: Process and Product.
Writing to Analyze or Explicate.
Writing to Compare.
Writing about the Beliefs or Actions of the Narrator or Characters.
Writing about Literature in Context.
Checklist: Choosing a Topic for a Critical Essay.
Critical Thinking: Induction and Substantiation.
Thinking Critically about Literature.
Facts and Opinions.
Supporting Connections.

John Updike, Ex-Basketball Player.
Interpretation: What Do You Think It Means?
A Defensible Interpretation, Not the Right Answer.
Developing an Interpretation.
Checklist: Developing an Interpretation.
Evaluation: How Well Does It Work?
Developing Standards.
Developing Standards for Evaluating Literature.
Checklist: Developing an Evaluation.
Argumentation: Writing a Critical Essay.
The Shape of an Argument.
Planning Your Argument.
Supporting Your Argument.
Supporting Your Thesis with Facts from the Text.
Accounting for All the Evidence.
Explaining the Connections.
Opening, Closing, and Revising Your Argument.
Write Your Introduction after You Know Your Argument.
Close Your Argument Reasonably.
Revise with a Fresh View.
Check Against Your Intentions and Organization.
Checklist for Writing a Critical Essay.
From First Response to Critical Essay.
The Development of a Critical Essay.
Planning An Argument.
Supporting the Argument.
Student Draft.
Opening, Closing, and Revising.
Student Revised Essay.

5. Research and Documentation: Writing with Secondary Sources.

Creating, Expanding, Joining, Interpretative Communities.
Getting Started.
Your Search.
The Library.
The Internet and the World Wide Web.
Evaluating Sources from the Internet.
Taking Notes.
What Must Be Documented.
Where and How.
Avoid Plagiarism.
Documentation--MLA Style.
From First Response to Research Essay.
A Sample Research Essay.


Family and Friends.

A Dialogue Across History.
Family and Friends: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs.
Reading and Writing about Family and Friends.


Chinua Achebe, Marriage Is a Private Affair.

James Baldwin, Sonny's Blues.

Louise Erdrich, The Red Convertible.

D.H. Lawrence, The Horse Dealer's Daughter.

Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing.

Luigi Pirandello, War.

Eudora Welty, A Worn Path.

John Updike, A&P.

Exploring A&P: Two Readers, Two Choices.
Two Sample Student Essays.


Julie Alvarez, Dusting.

Judith Ortiz Cofer, My Father in the Navy: A Childhood Memory.

Robert Frost, Mending Wall.

Elizabeth Gaffney, Losses that Turn Up in Dreams.

Nikki Giovanni, Nikki-Rosa.

Seamus Heaney, Digging.
Midterm Break.

Philip Larkin, This Be the Verse.

Michael Lassell, How To Watch Your Brother Die.

Li-Young Lee, The Gift.

Edna St. Vincent Millay, Lament.

Janice Mirikatani, For My Father.

Sharon Olds, 35/10.

Linda Pastan, Marks.

Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz.

Cathy Song, The Youngest Daughter.

Paul Zimmer, Zimmer in Grade School.


Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie.


Doris Kearns Goodwin, From Father with Love.

Maxine Hong Kingston, No Name Woman.

Mark Twain, Advice to Youth.
Case Studies in Composition: Thinking about Interpretation and Biography.

Lorraine Hansberry, A Raisin in the Sun.

Lorraine Hansberry and A Raisin in the Sun.
In Her Own Words: Excerpts from To be Young, Gifted and Black, Interviews, Letters, and Speeches.

In Other's Words: James Baldwin, Sweet Lorraine (1969).

Julius Lester, The Heroic Dimension in A Raisin in the Sun (1972).

Anne Cheney, The African Heritage in A Raisin in the Sun (1984).

Steven R. Carter, Hansberry's Artistic Misstep (1991).

Margaret B. Wilkerson, Hansberry's Awareness of Culture and Gender (1994).

Michael Anderson, Raisin in the Sun: A Landmark Lesson in Being Black (1999).
Sample Student Essay.
Exploring the Literature of Family and Friends: Options for Writing and Research.

Women and Men.
A Dialogue Across History.
Women and Men: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs.
Reading and Writing about Women and Men.


Anton Chekhov, The Lady with the Pet Dog.

Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour.

William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily.

Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, Cinderella.

Ernest Hemingway, Hills Like White Elephants.

Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper.

James Joyce, Araby.

Bobbie Ann Mason, Shiloh.

Rosario Morales, The Day It Happened.


Maya Angelou, Phenomenal Woman.

Margaret Atwood, You Fit Into Me.

Robert Browning, Porphyria's Lover.

John Donne, The Flea.

Judy Gran, Ella, in a Square Apron, Along Highway 80.

A.E. Housman, When I was One-and-twenty.

Maxine Kumin, After Love.

Christopher Marlowe, A Passionate Shepherd To his Love.

Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress.

Sharon Olds, Sex Without Love.

Sylvia Plath, Mirror.

Walter Raleigh, The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd.

Adrienne Rich, Rape.

Alberto Rios, The Purpose of Altar Boys.

Anne Sexton, Cinderella.

William Shakespeare, Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day? (Sonnet 18).

My Mistress's Eyes Are Nothing Like the Sun (Sonnet 130).

When My Love Swears That She Is Made of Truth (Sonnet 138).


William Shakespeare, Othello.
Exploring Othello: Two Readers, Two Choices.
Two Sample Student Essays.

Wendy Wasserstein, The Man in a Case.


Bruno Bettleheim, Cinderella.

Judy Brady, I Want a Wife.

Sei Shononogan, A Lover's Departure.

Alice Walker, In Search of Our Mother's Garden.

Virginia Woolf, If Shakespeare Had a Sister.
Case Studies in Composition:.

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House.

Thinking about Interpretation in Cultural and Historical Context.

From the Adams Letters (1776).

A Husband's letter to His Wife (1844).

Sojourner Truth, "Ain't I a Woman" (1851).

Henrik Ibsen, Notes (1878), The Changed Ending of A Doll's House for a German Production (1880), Speech to Norwegian league for Women's Rights (1892).

Wilbur Fisk Tillett, From Southern Womanhood (1891).

Dorothy Dix,, "The American Wife" (1898) and "Women and Suicide" (1899).

Charlotte Perkins Stetson (Gilman), From Women and Economics" (1899).

Natalie Zemon Davis and Jill Ker Conway, The Rest of the Story (1999).
Student Essay.
Exploring the Literature of Women and Men: Options for Writing and Research.

Heritage and Identity.

A Dialogue Across History.
Heritage and Identity: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs.
Reading and Writing about Heritage and Identity.


Julia Alvarez, Snow.

Willa Cather, Paul's Case.

Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal.

Jamaica Kincaid, Girl.

Alice Munro, Boys and Girls.

Frank O'Connor, My Oedipus Complex.

Amy Tan, Two Kinds.


Alice Walker, Everyday Use.
Exploring "Everyday Use": Two Readers, Two Choices.
Two Student Essays.


Sherman Alexie, On the Amtrak from Boston to New York City.

Gloria Anzuldúa, To Live in the Borderlands Means You.

Margaret Atwood, This Is a Photograph of Me.

W.H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen.

Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool.

e.e. cummings, anyone live in a pretty how town.

Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask.

T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.

Martin Espada, Late Night at the Pawn Shop.

Langston Hughes, I, Too.

Claude McKay, America.

Pat Mora, Immigrants.

William Wordsworth, Composed on Westminster Bridge.

Mitsuyi Yamada, The Question of Loyalty.

William Butler Yeats, The Lake Isle of Innisfree.


Sophocles, Oedipus Rex.


Maya Angelou, Graduation.

Joan Didion, Why I Write.

Martin Luther King, Jr., I Have a Dream.

Neil Miller, In Search of Gay America.

May Sarton, The Rewards of Living the Solitary Life.
Case Studies in Composition: Thinking about Interpretation and Performance.

William Shakespeare, Hamlet.
Mutiple Interpretations of Hamlet.
Lawrence Olivier's Hamlet.
Derek Jacobi's Hamlet.

Mel Gibson's Hamlet.
Kenneth Branagh's Hamlet.

From Part to Whole, from Whole to Part.
Student Essay: Explication and Analysis.
Exploring the Literature of Heritage and Identity: Options for Writing and Research.

Culture and Class.

A Dialogue Across History.
Culture and Class: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs.
Reading and Writing about Culture and Class.


Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson.

Robert Olen Butler, Snow.

John Cheever, The Enormous Radio.

Liliana Hecker, The Stolen Party.

Flannery O'Connor, Everything that Rises Must Converge.

Estela Portillo, The Pilgrim.

Leslie Marmon Silko, The Man to Send Rain Clouds.


William Blake, London.
The Chimney Sweeper.

Wanda Coleman, Sweet Mama Wanda Tells Fortunes for a Price.

Billy Collins, Victoria's Secret.

Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Constantly Risking Absurdity.

Robert Francis, Pitcher.

Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed.
Exploring "Theme for English B".

Langston Hughes, Theme for English B.
Exploring Theme for English B: Two Readers, Two Choices.
Two Sample Student Essays.

Archibald MacLeish, Ars Poetica.

Marianne Moore, Poetry.

Marge Piercy, To Be of Use.

Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory.
Mr. Flood's Party.

Wole Soyinka, Telephone Conversation.

Jean Toomer, Reapers.

William Carlos Williams, At the Ball Game.


Susan Glaspell, Trifles.

August Wilson, Joe Turner's Come and Gone.

Luis Valdez, Los Vendidos.


Frederick Douglass, Learning to Read and Write.

Guillermo Gomez-Pena, Documented/Undocumented.

Richard Rodriguez, Workers.

Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal.
Case Study in Composition: Thinking about Interpretation, Culture, and Research.

James Joyce, Eveline.
Prof. Devenish's Commentary.
Student Essay: Research and Culture.
Exploring the Literature of Culture and Class: Options for Writing and Research.

Faith and Doubt.

A Dialogue Across History.
Faith and Doubt: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs.
Reading and Writing about Faith and Doubt.


Thomas Bulfinch, The Myth of Daedalus and Icarus.

Raymond Carver, Cathedral.

Stephen Crane, The Open Boat.

Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown.

Luke, The Parable of the Prodigal Son.

Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been.

Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried.

Philip Roth, The Conversion of the Jews.

John Steinbeck, The Chrysanthemums.


Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach.

Elizabeth Bishop, In the Waiting Room.

Stephen Crane, A Man Said to the Universe.

Emily Dickinson, Tell all the truth but tell it slant.

Robert Frost, Fire and Ice.
Out, out.

A.E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young.

Galway Kinnell, The Dead Shall Be Raised Incorruptible.

Yusef Komunyakka, Facing It.

Amy Lowell, Patterns.

Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori.

Carl Sandburg, Grass.

Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle Into that Good Night.
The Force that through the Green Fuse.

John Updike, The Mosquito.

James Wright, A Blessing.

Paul Zimmer, The Day Zimmer Lost Religion.


David Mamet, Oleanna.

Terrence McNally, Andre's Mother.


Annie Dillard, Sight into Insight.
Exploring Sight into Insight: Two Readers, Two Choices.
Two Sample Student Essays.

Henry David Thoreau, From Journal.

E.B. White, Once More to the Lake.
Case Studies in Composition: Thinking about Interpretation--Poetry and Painting.

Peter Brueghel, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus / W.H. Auden, "Musée des Beaux Arts" and Alan Devenish, "Icarus Again" Jacopo Tintoretto, Crucifixion / N. Scott Momaday "Before an Old Painting of the Crucifixion" Edward Hopper, Nighthawks / David Ray "A Midnight Diner by Edward Hopper and Samuel Yellen, "Nighthawks" Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night / Anne Sexton, "The Starry Night" Jan Vermeer, The Loveletter / Sandra Nelson, "When a Woman Holds a Letter" Pablo Picasso, The Old Guitarist / Wallace Stevens, The Man with the Blue Guitar Edwin Romanzo Elmer, Mournng Picture / Adrienne Rich, Mourning Picture.
Student Essay: Comparison and Contrast.
Exploring the Literature of Faith and Doubt: Options for Writing and Research.

Appendix: Critical Approaches to Literature.
Glossary of Literary Terms.
Index of Author Names, Titles, And First Lines Of Poetry.