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Introduction to English Grammar

Introduction to English Grammar - 2nd edition

Introduction to English Grammar - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 9780582437418

ISBN10: 0582437415

Introduction to English Grammar by Sidney Greenbaum and Gerald Nelson - ISBN 9780582437418
Edition: 2ND 02
Copyright: 2002
Publisher: Longman, Inc.
International: No
Introduction to English Grammar by Sidney Greenbaum and Gerald Nelson - ISBN 9780582437418

ISBN13: 9780582437418

ISBN10: 0582437415

Edition: 2ND 02

Other Editions of Introduction to English Grammar

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English Language and its usage has become extremely emotive issues in recent years. Recurring discussions in the media have highlighted a growing demand for a return to the study of language after decades of neglect. An Introduction to English Grammar is one of several successful grammars on the linguistics list with the first edition selling extremely well. The book is an introductory descriptive survey, intended for students, teachers and general readers which offers coverage of grammatical topics with sections on spelling, punctuation and exercises.

Clear and concise, this much needed second edition will be of immense value to students who have little or no experience of studying English grammar.


  • The first edition sold 40,000 copies in 10 years, proving that this sells consistently well
  • New edition includes a whole new section on 'English in Use,' discussing a wide range of English registers including newspaper English, language of advertising, converstaion, legalese and email communications
  • New edition gives prominence to exercises
  • New further reading section

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition

1. Rules and Variation

1.1 What is grammar?
1.2 Grammar and other aspects of language
1.3 Grammars of English
1.4 National varieties
1.5 Standard and non-standard English
1.6 Variation according to use
1.7 Descriptive rules and prescriptive rules
1.8 Why study grammar?


2. The Sentence

2.1 What is a sentence?
2.2 Irregular sentences and non-sentences
2.3 Simple and multiple sentences
2.4 Sentence types
2.5 Positive and negative sentences
2.6 Active and passive sentences


3. The Parts of the Simple Sentence
3.1 Structure, form, function
3.2 Subject, predicate, verb
3.3 Operator
3.4 Do, Be, Have
3.5 Subject and verb
3.6 Subject
3.7 Transitive verbs and direct object
3.8 Linking verbs and subject complement
3.9 Intransitive verbs and adverbials
3.10 Adverbial complement
3.11 Direct object and indirect object
3.12 Direct object and object complement
3.13 The basic sentence structures
3.14 The meanings of the sentence elements


4. The Structures of Phrases
4.1 Phrase types

The Noun Phrase

4.2 The structure of the noun phrase
4.3 Determiners
4.4 Modifiers
4.5 Relative clauses
4.6 Appositive clauses
4.7 Apposition
4.8 Coordination
4.9 Noun phrase complexity
4.10 Functions of noun phrases

The Verb Phrase

4.11 The structure of the verb phrase
4.12 Main verbs
4.13 Tense, person, and number
4.14 Aspect
4.15 Voice
4.16 Expressing future time
4.17 The sequence of auxiliaries
4.18 Finite and non-finite verb phrases
4.19 Mood
4.20 Multi-word verbs

The Adjective Phrase

4.21 The structure of the adjective phrase
4.22 Functions of adjective phrases

The Adverb Phrase

4.23 The structure of the adverb phrase
4.24 Functions of adverb phrases

The Prepositional Phrase

4.25 The structure of the propositional phrase
4.26 Functions of prepositional phrases


5. Word Classes
5.1 Open and closed classes
5.2 Word classes and word uses


5.3 Noun suffixes
5.4 Noun classes
5.5 Number
5.6 Gender
5.7 Case
5.8 Dependent and independent genitives

Main Verbs

5.9 Verb suffixes
5.10 Regular and irregular verbs
5.11 Classes of irregular verbs


5.12 Adjective suffixes
5.13 Adjective classes
5.14 Gradability and comparison


5.15 Adverb suffixes
5.16 Gradability and comparison


5.17 Pronoun classes
5.18 Personal pronouns
5.19 Possessives
5.20 Reflexive pronouns
5.21 Demonstrative pronouns
5.22 Reciprocal pronouns
5.23 Interrogative pronouns
5.24 Relative pronouns
5.25 Indefinite pronouns and numerals


5.26 Classes of determiners
5.27 Central determiners
5.28 The articles and reference
5.29 Pre-determiners
5.30 Post-determiners


5.31 Classes of auxiliaries
5.32 Meanings of the modals
5.33 Conjunctions
5.34 Prepositions


6. Sentences and Clauses
6.1 Sentence types
6.2 Questions
6.3 Imperatives
6.4 Exclamatives
6.5 Speech acts
6.6 Compound sentences
6.7 Complex sentences
6.8 Non-finite and verbless clauses
6.9 Functions of subordinate clauses
6.10 Sentence complexity
6.11 There-structures
6.12 Cleft sentences
6.13 Anticipatory it


7. Usage Problems
Subject-verb agreement
7.1 The general rules
7.2 And
7.3 Or, nor
7.4 With
7.5 Collective nouns
7.6 Indefinite pronouns
7.7 Quantity phrases
7.8 Singular nouns ending in -s
7.9 Who, which, that
7.10 What
7.11 There is, There are
7.12 Citations and titles
7.13 Subject complement
7.14 Coordinated phrases
7.15 After as and than
7.16 After but
7.17 After let
7.18 Who, whom
7.19 Case with -ing clauses
Auxiliaries and verbs
7.20 Problems with auxiliaries
7.21 Lie, lay
7.22 Present tense
7.23 Past and -ed participle
7.24 Past and past subjunctive
7.25 Multiple negation
Adjectives and adverbs
7.26 Confusion between adjectives and adverbs
7.27 Comparison
7.28 Only
7.29 Dangling modifiers
8. Style
8.1 Style in writing
8.2 End-focus
8.3 Front-focus
8.4 There-structures and cleft sentences
8.5 Parenthetic expressions
8.6 End-weight
8.7 Misplaced expressions
8.8 Abstract nouns
8.9 Modifiers in noun phrases
8.10 Subordination
8.11 Parallelism
8.12 Repeated sounds
8.13 Pronoun reference
8.14 Pronoun agreement
8.15 Tense consistency
9. Punctuation
9.1 Punctuation rules
9.2 Sentence fragments and fragmentary sentences
9.3 Run-on sentences and comma splices
9.4 Coordinated main clauses
9.5 Direct speech
9.6 Citations
9.7 Questions
9.8 Restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses
9.9 Restrictive and non-restrictive apposition
9.10 Adverbial clauses
9.11 Vocatives and interjections
9.12 Avoidance of misunderstanding
9.13 Genitives of nouns
9.14 Genitives of pronouns
10. English in Use
10.1 Register variation
10.2 Conversational English
10.3 Unscripted monologue
10.4 Sports commentaries
10.5 Email English
10.6 The language of literature
10.6.1 Foregrounding
10.6.2 Ambiguity
Appendix: SPELLING
A.1 Spelling, pronunciation, and meaning
A.2 Spelling variants
A.3 Spelling rules for short and long vowel sounds
A.4 Suffixes
A.5 Prefixes
A.6 Other aids to spelling
A.7 Homophones: words pronounced similarly
Further Reading

Other Editions of Introduction to English Grammar

Introduction to English Grammar by Sidney Greenbaum - ISBN 9780582039575