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Hydraulics Textbooks

Cover type: Paperback

Edition: 02

Copyright: 2002

Publisher: Delmar Publications

Published: 2002

International: No

Edition: 02

Copyright: 2002

Publisher: Delmar Publications

Published: 2002

International: No

Condition: New

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Featuring easy-to-understand explanations of theory and underlying mathematics principles, this book provides readers with a complete introduction to fluid power, including hydraulics and pneumatics. The differences and similarities between hydraulics and pneumatics are identified, allowing readers to leverage their knowledge en route to new skills. Detailed color illustrations, photographs, and color-enhanced schematics are used effectively to add clarity to discussion of the construction and function of components. A dedicated section on component specifications is featured in each chapter, while realistic numbers are used and problems are stated in such a way as to develop practical system design skills. Knowledge of college-level algebra is assumed, but no trigonometry or calculus is required, making this book ideal for the technologist. Nomenclature, metric prefixes and conversion factors, equations, and graphic symbols are located in handy appendices for use by readers as they progress through the book. An introduction to the industry, plus a comprehensive glossary, is also included for the benefit of those who are just beginning their study of fluid power.

1 An Introduction to Fluid Power

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Hydraulics vs. Pneumatics

1.3 Standards

1.4 Applications

1.5 The Fluid Power Industry

1.6 Units

1.7 Review Questions

2 Basic Principles of Hydraulics

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Pascal's Law

2.3 Transmission & Multiplication of Force

2.4 Basic Properties of Hydraulic Fluids

2.4.1 Mass vs. Weight

2.4.2 Density, Specific Weight & Specific Gravity

2.4.3 Viscosity

2.4.4 Bulk Modulus

2.5 Liquid Flow

2.5.1 Flow Rate vs. Flow Velocity

2.5.2 The Continuity Equation

2.5.3 Bernoulli's Equation

2.5.4 Torricelli's Theorem

2.5.5 Laminar vs. Turbulent Flow

2.6 Static Head Pressure

2.7 Pressure Losses

2.8 Power

2.9 Hydraulic Systems

2.10 Equations

2.11 Review Questions & Problems

3 Hydraulic Pumps

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Pump Flow & Pressure

3.3 Pump Drive Torque & Power

3.4 Pump Efficiency

3.5 Pump Types

3.5.1 Piston Pumps

3.5.2 Gear Pumps

3.5.3 Vane Pumps

3.6 Pressure Compensated Pumps

3.7 Cavitation and Aeration

3.8 Graphic Symbols

3.9 Pump Specifications

3.9.1 Displacement, Flow rate and Drive Speed

3.9.2 Pressure

3.9.3 Efficiency

3.9.4 Fluids

3.9.5 Filtration

3.9.6 Physical Dimensions

3.9.7 Noise Level

3.9.8 Shaft Rotation

3.9.9 Inlet Pressure

3.10 Equations

3.11 Review Questions & Problems

4 Hydraulic Cylinders

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Cylinder Force

4.3 Cylinder Speed

4.4 Cylinder Power

4.5 Differential Flow

4.6 Cylinder Types

4.7 Graphic Symbols

4.8 Cylinder Applications

4.9 Cylinder Specifications

4.9.1 Size

4.9.2 Mounting Styles

4.9.3 Other Specifications

4.10 Equations

4.11 Review Questions & Problems

5 Hydraulic Motors

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Motor Types

5.3 Motor Torque

5.4 Motor Speed

5.5 Motor Power

5.6 Motor Efficiency

5.7 Graphic Symbols

5.8 Motor Applications

5.9 Motor Specifications

5.9.1 Motor Size & Physical Dimensions

5.9.2 Motor Performance

5.9.3 Speed and Pressure Ratings

5.9.4 Fluids

5.9.5 Filtration

5.10 Equations

5.11 Review Questions & Problems

6 Hydraulic Directional Control

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Check Valves

6.3 Shuttle Valves

6.4 Two-Way Directional Control Valves

6.5 Three-Way Directional Control Valves

6.6 Four-Way Directional Control Valves

6.7 Directional Control Valve Actuation

6.8 Circuits

6.9 Directional Control Valve Mounting

6.10 Directional Control Valve Specifications

6.11 Equations

6.12 Review Questions & Problems

7 Hydraulic Pressure Control

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Pressure Relief Valves

7.3 Unloading Valves

7.4 Pressure Reducing Valves

7.5 Sequence Valves

7.6 Counterbalance Valves

7.7 Brake Valves

7.8 Pressure Compensated Pumps

7.9 Pressure Control Valve Mounting

7.10 Pressure Control Valve Specifications

7.11 Review Questions & Problems

8 Hydraulic Flow Control

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Flow Control Valve Types

8.3 Flow Coefficient

8.4 Circuits

8.5 Cushioned Cylinders

8.6 Flow Dividers

8.7 Flow Control Valve Specifications

8.8 Equations

8.9 Review Questions & Problems

9 Ancillary Hydraulic Components

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Accumulators

9.3 Intensifiers

9.4 Reservoirs

9.5 Heat Exchangers

9.6 Filters

9.7 Instrumentation & Measurement

9.7.1 Pressure Gauges

9.7.2 Flow Meters

9.7.3 Temperature Gauges

9.8 Conduits & Fittings

9.8.1 Pipe

9.8.2 Tubing

9.8.3 Hose

9.9 Seals & Bearings

9.10 Hydraulic Fluids

9.11 Equations

9.12 Review Questions & Problems

10 Basic Principals of Pneumatics

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Absolute Pressure & Temperature

10.3 Gas Laws

10.4 Gas Flow

10.5 Vacuum

10.6 Pneumatic Systems

10.7 Equations

10.8 Review Questions & Problems

11 Pneumatic Power Supply

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Compressor Types

11.3 Compressor Sizing

11.4 Vacuum Pumps

11.5 Equations

11.6 Review Questions & Problems

12 Pneumatic Components

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Pneumatic Cylinders

12.3 Pneumatic Motors

12.4 Other Pneumatic Actuators

12.5 Pneumatic Directional Control Valves

12.6 Pneumatic Flow Control Valves

12.7 Air Preparation

12.7.1 Pressure Relief Valves

12.7.2 Pressure Regulators

12.7.3 Filters

12.7.4 Lubricators

12.7.5 Combined Conditioning units

12.7.6 Water Removal

12.8 Air Distribution

12.9 Equations

12.10 Review Questions & Problems

13 Electrical Control of Fluid Power

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Solenoid Valves

13.3 Proportional and Servo Valves

13.4 Pump controls

13.5 Review Questions

Appendices

A Nomenclature / Common Units

B Metric (SI) Prefixes and Conversion Factors

B.1 Metric (SI) Prefixes

B.2 Conversion factors

B.3 How To Use Conversion Factors

C Equations

D Graphic Symbols

Glossary

Index

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Summary

Featuring easy-to-understand explanations of theory and underlying mathematics principles, this book provides readers with a complete introduction to fluid power, including hydraulics and pneumatics. The differences and similarities between hydraulics and pneumatics are identified, allowing readers to leverage their knowledge en route to new skills. Detailed color illustrations, photographs, and color-enhanced schematics are used effectively to add clarity to discussion of the construction and function of components. A dedicated section on component specifications is featured in each chapter, while realistic numbers are used and problems are stated in such a way as to develop practical system design skills. Knowledge of college-level algebra is assumed, but no trigonometry or calculus is required, making this book ideal for the technologist. Nomenclature, metric prefixes and conversion factors, equations, and graphic symbols are located in handy appendices for use by readers as they progress through the book. An introduction to the industry, plus a comprehensive glossary, is also included for the benefit of those who are just beginning their study of fluid power.

Table of Contents

1 An Introduction to Fluid Power

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Hydraulics vs. Pneumatics

1.3 Standards

1.4 Applications

1.5 The Fluid Power Industry

1.6 Units

1.7 Review Questions

2 Basic Principles of Hydraulics

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Pascal's Law

2.3 Transmission & Multiplication of Force

2.4 Basic Properties of Hydraulic Fluids

2.4.1 Mass vs. Weight

2.4.2 Density, Specific Weight & Specific Gravity

2.4.3 Viscosity

2.4.4 Bulk Modulus

2.5 Liquid Flow

2.5.1 Flow Rate vs. Flow Velocity

2.5.2 The Continuity Equation

2.5.3 Bernoulli's Equation

2.5.4 Torricelli's Theorem

2.5.5 Laminar vs. Turbulent Flow

2.6 Static Head Pressure

2.7 Pressure Losses

2.8 Power

2.9 Hydraulic Systems

2.10 Equations

2.11 Review Questions & Problems

3 Hydraulic Pumps

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Pump Flow & Pressure

3.3 Pump Drive Torque & Power

3.4 Pump Efficiency

3.5 Pump Types

3.5.1 Piston Pumps

3.5.2 Gear Pumps

3.5.3 Vane Pumps

3.6 Pressure Compensated Pumps

3.7 Cavitation and Aeration

3.8 Graphic Symbols

3.9 Pump Specifications

3.9.1 Displacement, Flow rate and Drive Speed

3.9.2 Pressure

3.9.3 Efficiency

3.9.4 Fluids

3.9.5 Filtration

3.9.6 Physical Dimensions

3.9.7 Noise Level

3.9.8 Shaft Rotation

3.9.9 Inlet Pressure

3.10 Equations

3.11 Review Questions & Problems

4 Hydraulic Cylinders

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Cylinder Force

4.3 Cylinder Speed

4.4 Cylinder Power

4.5 Differential Flow

4.6 Cylinder Types

4.7 Graphic Symbols

4.8 Cylinder Applications

4.9 Cylinder Specifications

4.9.1 Size

4.9.2 Mounting Styles

4.9.3 Other Specifications

4.10 Equations

4.11 Review Questions & Problems

5 Hydraulic Motors

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Motor Types

5.3 Motor Torque

5.4 Motor Speed

5.5 Motor Power

5.6 Motor Efficiency

5.7 Graphic Symbols

5.8 Motor Applications

5.9 Motor Specifications

5.9.1 Motor Size & Physical Dimensions

5.9.2 Motor Performance

5.9.3 Speed and Pressure Ratings

5.9.4 Fluids

5.9.5 Filtration

5.10 Equations

5.11 Review Questions & Problems

6 Hydraulic Directional Control

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Check Valves

6.3 Shuttle Valves

6.4 Two-Way Directional Control Valves

6.5 Three-Way Directional Control Valves

6.6 Four-Way Directional Control Valves

6.7 Directional Control Valve Actuation

6.8 Circuits

6.9 Directional Control Valve Mounting

6.10 Directional Control Valve Specifications

6.11 Equations

6.12 Review Questions & Problems

7 Hydraulic Pressure Control

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Pressure Relief Valves

7.3 Unloading Valves

7.4 Pressure Reducing Valves

7.5 Sequence Valves

7.6 Counterbalance Valves

7.7 Brake Valves

7.8 Pressure Compensated Pumps

7.9 Pressure Control Valve Mounting

7.10 Pressure Control Valve Specifications

7.11 Review Questions & Problems

8 Hydraulic Flow Control

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Flow Control Valve Types

8.3 Flow Coefficient

8.4 Circuits

8.5 Cushioned Cylinders

8.6 Flow Dividers

8.7 Flow Control Valve Specifications

8.8 Equations

8.9 Review Questions & Problems

9 Ancillary Hydraulic Components

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Accumulators

9.3 Intensifiers

9.4 Reservoirs

9.5 Heat Exchangers

9.6 Filters

9.7 Instrumentation & Measurement

9.7.1 Pressure Gauges

9.7.2 Flow Meters

9.7.3 Temperature Gauges

9.8 Conduits & Fittings

9.8.1 Pipe

9.8.2 Tubing

9.8.3 Hose

9.9 Seals & Bearings

9.10 Hydraulic Fluids

9.11 Equations

9.12 Review Questions & Problems

10 Basic Principals of Pneumatics

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Absolute Pressure & Temperature

10.3 Gas Laws

10.4 Gas Flow

10.5 Vacuum

10.6 Pneumatic Systems

10.7 Equations

10.8 Review Questions & Problems

11 Pneumatic Power Supply

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Compressor Types

11.3 Compressor Sizing

11.4 Vacuum Pumps

11.5 Equations

11.6 Review Questions & Problems

12 Pneumatic Components

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Pneumatic Cylinders

12.3 Pneumatic Motors

12.4 Other Pneumatic Actuators

12.5 Pneumatic Directional Control Valves

12.6 Pneumatic Flow Control Valves

12.7 Air Preparation

12.7.1 Pressure Relief Valves

12.7.2 Pressure Regulators

12.7.3 Filters

12.7.4 Lubricators

12.7.5 Combined Conditioning units

12.7.6 Water Removal

12.8 Air Distribution

12.9 Equations

12.10 Review Questions & Problems

13 Electrical Control of Fluid Power

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Solenoid Valves

13.3 Proportional and Servo Valves

13.4 Pump controls

13.5 Review Questions

Appendices

A Nomenclature / Common Units

B Metric (SI) Prefixes and Conversion Factors

B.1 Metric (SI) Prefixes

B.2 Conversion factors

B.3 How To Use Conversion Factors

C Equations

D Graphic Symbols

Glossary

Index

Publisher Info

Publisher: Delmar Publications

Published: 2002

International: No

Published: 2002

International: No

1 An Introduction to Fluid Power

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Hydraulics vs. Pneumatics

1.3 Standards

1.4 Applications

1.5 The Fluid Power Industry

1.6 Units

1.7 Review Questions

2 Basic Principles of Hydraulics

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Pascal's Law

2.3 Transmission & Multiplication of Force

2.4 Basic Properties of Hydraulic Fluids

2.4.1 Mass vs. Weight

2.4.2 Density, Specific Weight & Specific Gravity

2.4.3 Viscosity

2.4.4 Bulk Modulus

2.5 Liquid Flow

2.5.1 Flow Rate vs. Flow Velocity

2.5.2 The Continuity Equation

2.5.3 Bernoulli's Equation

2.5.4 Torricelli's Theorem

2.5.5 Laminar vs. Turbulent Flow

2.6 Static Head Pressure

2.7 Pressure Losses

2.8 Power

2.9 Hydraulic Systems

2.10 Equations

2.11 Review Questions & Problems

3 Hydraulic Pumps

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Pump Flow & Pressure

3.3 Pump Drive Torque & Power

3.4 Pump Efficiency

3.5 Pump Types

3.5.1 Piston Pumps

3.5.2 Gear Pumps

3.5.3 Vane Pumps

3.6 Pressure Compensated Pumps

3.7 Cavitation and Aeration

3.8 Graphic Symbols

3.9 Pump Specifications

3.9.1 Displacement, Flow rate and Drive Speed

3.9.2 Pressure

3.9.3 Efficiency

3.9.4 Fluids

3.9.5 Filtration

3.9.6 Physical Dimensions

3.9.7 Noise Level

3.9.8 Shaft Rotation

3.9.9 Inlet Pressure

3.10 Equations

3.11 Review Questions & Problems

4 Hydraulic Cylinders

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Cylinder Force

4.3 Cylinder Speed

4.4 Cylinder Power

4.5 Differential Flow

4.6 Cylinder Types

4.7 Graphic Symbols

4.8 Cylinder Applications

4.9 Cylinder Specifications

4.9.1 Size

4.9.2 Mounting Styles

4.9.3 Other Specifications

4.10 Equations

4.11 Review Questions & Problems

5 Hydraulic Motors

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Motor Types

5.3 Motor Torque

5.4 Motor Speed

5.5 Motor Power

5.6 Motor Efficiency

5.7 Graphic Symbols

5.8 Motor Applications

5.9 Motor Specifications

5.9.1 Motor Size & Physical Dimensions

5.9.2 Motor Performance

5.9.3 Speed and Pressure Ratings

5.9.4 Fluids

5.9.5 Filtration

5.10 Equations

5.11 Review Questions & Problems

6 Hydraulic Directional Control

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Check Valves

6.3 Shuttle Valves

6.4 Two-Way Directional Control Valves

6.5 Three-Way Directional Control Valves

6.6 Four-Way Directional Control Valves

6.7 Directional Control Valve Actuation

6.8 Circuits

6.9 Directional Control Valve Mounting

6.10 Directional Control Valve Specifications

6.11 Equations

6.12 Review Questions & Problems

7 Hydraulic Pressure Control

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Pressure Relief Valves

7.3 Unloading Valves

7.4 Pressure Reducing Valves

7.5 Sequence Valves

7.6 Counterbalance Valves

7.7 Brake Valves

7.8 Pressure Compensated Pumps

7.9 Pressure Control Valve Mounting

7.10 Pressure Control Valve Specifications

7.11 Review Questions & Problems

8 Hydraulic Flow Control

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Flow Control Valve Types

8.3 Flow Coefficient

8.4 Circuits

8.5 Cushioned Cylinders

8.6 Flow Dividers

8.7 Flow Control Valve Specifications

8.8 Equations

8.9 Review Questions & Problems

9 Ancillary Hydraulic Components

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Accumulators

9.3 Intensifiers

9.4 Reservoirs

9.5 Heat Exchangers

9.6 Filters

9.7 Instrumentation & Measurement

9.7.1 Pressure Gauges

9.7.2 Flow Meters

9.7.3 Temperature Gauges

9.8 Conduits & Fittings

9.8.1 Pipe

9.8.2 Tubing

9.8.3 Hose

9.9 Seals & Bearings

9.10 Hydraulic Fluids

9.11 Equations

9.12 Review Questions & Problems

10 Basic Principals of Pneumatics

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Absolute Pressure & Temperature

10.3 Gas Laws

10.4 Gas Flow

10.5 Vacuum

10.6 Pneumatic Systems

10.7 Equations

10.8 Review Questions & Problems

11 Pneumatic Power Supply

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Compressor Types

11.3 Compressor Sizing

11.4 Vacuum Pumps

11.5 Equations

11.6 Review Questions & Problems

12 Pneumatic Components

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Pneumatic Cylinders

12.3 Pneumatic Motors

12.4 Other Pneumatic Actuators

12.5 Pneumatic Directional Control Valves

12.6 Pneumatic Flow Control Valves

12.7 Air Preparation

12.7.1 Pressure Relief Valves

12.7.2 Pressure Regulators

12.7.3 Filters

12.7.4 Lubricators

12.7.5 Combined Conditioning units

12.7.6 Water Removal

12.8 Air Distribution

12.9 Equations

12.10 Review Questions & Problems

13 Electrical Control of Fluid Power

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Solenoid Valves

13.3 Proportional and Servo Valves

13.4 Pump controls

13.5 Review Questions

Appendices

A Nomenclature / Common Units

B Metric (SI) Prefixes and Conversion Factors

B.1 Metric (SI) Prefixes

B.2 Conversion factors

B.3 How To Use Conversion Factors

C Equations

D Graphic Symbols

Glossary

Index