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Introduction to Physical Science

Introduction to Physical Science - 11th edition

Introduction to Physical Science - 11th edition

ISBN13: 9780618697892

ISBN10: 0618697896

Introduction to Physical Science by James Shipman, Aaron Todd and Jerry Wilson - ISBN 9780618697892
Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 11TH 06
Copyright: 2006
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
International: No
Introduction to Physical Science by James Shipman, Aaron Todd and Jerry Wilson - ISBN 9780618697892

ISBN13: 9780618697892

ISBN10: 0618697896

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 11TH 06

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An Introduction to Physical Science presents a survey of the physical sciences--physics, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, and geology--for non-science majors. Topics are treated both descriptively and quantitatively, providing flexibility for instructors who wish to emphasize a highly descriptive approach, a highly quantitative approach, or anything in between.

The Eleventh Edition includes new content and features that help students better visualize concepts, master basic math, and practice problem solving. In response to instructor feedback, new end-of-chapter problems appear throughout the text, sections on astronomy have been updated, and a review of basic math is now available on the Student Web Site. A dynamic technology package accompanies the text. With SMARTHINKING live, online tutoring, students can get tutorial support during peak study hours. For instructors, a new Blackboard/WebCT course, along with HM ClassPrep and HM Testing resources, provide course management tools that help make class preparation and assessment more efficient and effective. The new edition is available in both hardcover and--at a reduced price-- paperback versions, giving students flexible options to meet their needs.

  • New! The end-of-chapter material features Visual Connections that challenge students to demonstrate relationships between key concepts by asking them to create a diagram or concept map. Matching Questions test students' ability to match appropriate statements with key terms. Fill-in-the-Blank Questions and Multiple Choice Questions are keyed to the appropriate chapter section.
  • New! A review of basic math is available on the Student Web Site. With step-by-step tutorials of basic math concepts, the review enables students to quickly attain the level of competency necessary for success in the course. Problems and exercises follow each tutorial, allowing students to test themselves on what they have learned.
  • New! The Blackboard/WebCT course contains a transition guide from the Tenth Edition to the Eleventh Edition, PowerPoint slides with lecture notes and art from the text, and support for the lab manual.
  • New! Hardcover and softcover versions of the text are available, providing students with flexible options to meet their needs.
  • Updated! The leading three astronomy chapters have been rearranged for better continuity and more even coverage. Chapter 15, "Place and Time," has been placed first to provide better continuity with Chapters 16 and 17. Chapter 16, "The Solar System," now focuses mainly on the planets, while material on planet moons, comets, and asteroids has been moved to Chapter 17, "Moons and Other Solar System Objects."
  • Updated! Located at the end of each chapter, On the Web exercises require students to use Internet resources to research topics, explore concepts, and solve problems. Follow-up links have been updated on the Student Web Site.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter includes Key Terms; Matching, Multiple-Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Short-Answer Questions;Visual Connection; Applying Your Knowledge; Important Equations; Exercises; Answers to Matching, Multiple-Choice, and Fill in the Blank Questions; Answers to Visual Connection; and On the Web.

1. Measurement

Section 1.1: The Physical Sciences
Section 1.2: The Scientific Method and Attitude
Section 1.3: The Senses
Section 1.4: Standard Units and Systems of Units
Section 1.5: More on the Metric System
Section 1.6: Derived Units and Conversion Factors
Section 1.7: Significant Figures
Highlight: The "Face" on Mars
Highlight: Is Unit Conversion Important? It Sure Is.
A Spotlight on: Fundamental Quantities

2. Motion

Section 2.1: Defining Motion
Section 2.2: Speed and Velocity
Section 2.3: Acceleration
Section 2.4: Acceleration in Uniform Circular Motion
Section 2.5: Projectile Motion
Highlight: Galileo and the Leaning Tower of Pisa

3. Force and Motion

Section 3.1: Force and Net Force
Section 3.2: Newton's First Law of Motion
Section 3.3: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Section 3.4: Newton's Third Law of Motion
Section 3.5: Newton's Law of Gravitation
Section 3.6: Momentum
Highlight: The "Fourth Law of Motion": The Automobile Air Bag
Highlight: Some Effects of Apparent Weightlessness on the Human Body
A Spotlight on: Newton's Laws of Motion

4. Work and Energy

Section 4.1: Work
Section 4.2: Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy
Section 4.3: Conservation of Energy
Section 4.4: Power
Section 4.5: Forms and Sources of Energy
Highlight: Fill It Up--with Hydrogen

5. Temperature and Heat

Section 5.1: Temperature
Section 5.2: Heat
Section 5.3: Specific Heat and Latent Heat
Section 5.4: Heat Transfer
Section 5.5: Phases of Matter
Section 5.6: The Kinetic Theory of Gases
Section 5.7: Thermodynamics
Highlight: Freezing from the Top Down
Highlight: Hot Gases: Aerosol Cans and Popcorn

6. Waves

Section 6.1: Waves and Energy Propagation
Section 6.2: Wave Properties
Section 6.3: Electromagnetic Waves
Section 6.4: Sound Waves
Section 6.5: The Doppler Effect
Section 6.6: Standing Waves and Resonance
Highlight: Noise Exposure Limits

7. Wave Effects and Optics

Section 7.1: Reflection
Section 7.2: Refraction and Dispersion
Highlight: The Rainbow: Dispersion and Internal Reflection
Section 7.3: Polarization
Section 7.3: Spherical Mirrors
Section 7.4: Lenses
Section 7.5: Polarization
Section 7.6: Diffraction and Interference
Highlight: Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs)

8. Electricity and Magnetism

Section 8.1: Electric Charge and Current
Section 8.2: Voltage and Electrical Power
Section 8.3: Simple Electric Circuits and Electrical Safety
Section 8.4: Magnetism
Section 8.5: Electromagnetism
Highlight: Photocopiers
Highlight: Electrical Safety

9. Atomic Physics

Section 9.1: Early Concepts of the Atom
Section 9.2: The Dual Nature of Light
Section 9.3: Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
Section 9.4: Microwave Ovens, X-Rays, and Lasers
Section 9.5: Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
Section 9.6: Matter Waves
Section 9.7: The Electron Cloud Model of the Atom
Highlight: Albert Einstein
Highlight: Electron Microscopes
Highlight: Fluorescence and Phosphorescence
A Spotlight On: The Changing Model of the Atom

10. Nuclear Physics

Section 10.1: Symbols of the Elements
Section 10.2: The Atomic Nucleus
Section 10.3: Radioactivity and Half-Life
Section 10.4: Nuclear Reactions
Section 10.5: Nuclear Fission
Section 10.6: Nuclear Fusion
Section 10.7: Biological Effects of Radiation
Highlight: The Discovery of Radioactivity
Highlight: The Origins of the Bomb
Highlight: Nuclear Power and Waste Disposal

11. The Chemical Elements

Section 11.1: Classification of Matter
Section 11.2: Discovery of the Elements
Section 11.3: Occurrence of the Elements
Section 11.4: The Periodic Table
Section 11.5: Naming Compounds
Section 11.6: Groups of Elements
Highlight: The Tragedy of Lake Nyos
Highlight: Mendeleev and the Periodic Table
A Spotlight On: Naming Compounds

12. Chemical Bonding

Section 12.1: Law of Conservation of Mass
Section 12.2: Law of Definite Proportions
Section 12.3: Dalton's Atomic Theory
Section 12.4: Ionic Bonding
Section 12.5: Covalent Bonding
Section 12.6: Hydrogen Bonding
Highlight: Lavoisier: The Father of Chemistry
Highlight: What You Don't Know Can Hurt You!

13. Chemical Reactions

Section 13.1: Balancing Chemical Equations
Section 13.2: Energy and Rate of Reaction
Section 13.3: Acids and Bases
Section 13.4: Single-Replacement Reactions
Section 13.5: Avogadro's Number
Highlight: Chemistry Factinos
Highlight: Chemistry and Tooth Enamel
A Spotlight On: Reaction Types

14. Organic Chemistry

Section 14.1: Bonding in Organic Compounds
Section 14.2: Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Section 14.3: Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
Section 14.4: Derivatives of Hydrocarbons
Section 14.5: Synthetic Polymers
Highlight: Breakthrough!
Highlight: Stick It to Them!
A Spotlight On: Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives

15. Place and Time

Section 15.1: Cartesian Coordinates
Section 15.2: Latitude and Longitude
Section 15.3: Time
Section 15.4: Navigation: Finding Latitude and Longitude
Section 15.5: The Seasons and the Calendar
Section 15.5: Precession of Earth's Axis
Highlight: The Concept of Time
Highlight: Daylight Savings Time
A Spotlight On: Place and Time

16. The Solar System

Section 16.1: The Solar System: An Overview
Section 16.2: The Planet Earth
Section 16.3: The Terrestrial Planets
Section 16.4: The Jovian Planets and Pluto
Section 16.5: Other Solar System Objects
Section 16.6: The Origin of the Solar System
Section 16.7: Other Planetary Systems
Highlight: Galileo Mission to Jupiter: the Little Spacecraft That Could
A Spotlight On: The Terrestrial Planets
A Spotlight On: The Jovian Planets

17. Moons and Other Solar System Objects

Section 17.1: Features of the Earth's Moon
Section 17.2: Lunar Motional Effects: Phases, Eclipses, and Tides
Section 17.3: Moons of the Terrestrial Planets
Section 17.4: Moons of the Jovian Planets and Pluto
Section 17.5: Other Solar System Objects: Asteroids, Meterors, Comets
Highlight: Seeing Only One Side of the Moon
Highlight: Catching a Comet by the Tail

18. The Universe

Section 18.1: The Sun
Section 18.2: The Celestial Sphere
Section 18.3: Classifying Stars
Section 18.4: The Life Cycle of Low-Mass Stars
Section 18.5: The Life Cycle of High-Mass Stars
Section 18.6: Galaxies
Section 18.7: Cosmology
Highlight: The Age of the Universe
Highlight: Astronomy Factinos

19. The Atmosphere

Section 19.1: Composition and Structure
Section 19.2: Atmospheric Energy Content
Section 19.3: Atmospheric Measurements and Observations
Section 19.4: Air Motion
Section 19.5: Clouds
Highlight: Blue Skies and Red Sunsets
Highlight: The Greenhouse Effect
A Spotlight On: Cloud Families and Types

20. Atmospheric Effects

Section 20.1: Condensation and Precipitation
Section 20.2: Air Masses
Section 20.3: Storms
Section 20.4: Atmospheric Pollution
Section 20.5: Pollution and Climate
Highlight: Wind Chill Temperature Index
Highlight: El Nino and La Nina
Highlight: Naming Hurricanes
Highlight: The Ozone Hole

21. Minerals, Rocks and Igneous Activity

Section 21.1: Minerals
Section 21.2: Rocks
Section 21.3: Igneous Rocks
Section 21.4: Igneous Activity
Section 21.5: Sedimentary Rocks
Section 21.6: Metamorphic Rocks
Highlight: Rare Beauties: Gems
A Spotlight On: The Rock Cycle

22. Structural Geology

Section 22.1: Continental Draft and Seafloor Spreading
Section 22.2: Plate Tectonics
Section 22.3: Earthquakes and the Earth's Interior
Section 22.4: Crustal Deformation and Mountain Building
Highlight: Tracking Plate Motion
Highlight: Plate Boundaries
Highlight: Deadly Tsunamis
A Spotlight On: Plate Tectonics--The Engine that Drives Crustal Processes

23. Surface Processes

Section 23.1: Weathering
Section 23.2: Erosion
Section 23.3: Groundwater
Section 23.4: Shoreline and Seafloor Topography
Highlight: The World's Greatest Flood
Highlight: Tubeworms and Black Smokers
A Spotlight On: Weathering

24. Geologic Time

Section 24.1: Fossils
Section 24.2: Relative Geologic Time
Section 24.3: Radiometric Dating
Section 24.4: The Age of the Earth
Section 24.5: The Geologic Time Scale
Highlight: Geology Factinos
Highlight: The K-T Event: The Disappearance of Dinosaurs
A Spotlight On: The Geologic Time Scale


I. The Seven Base Units of the International System of Units (SI)
II. Solving Mathematical Problems in Science
III. Equation Rearrangement
IV. Analysis of Units
V. Positive and Negative Numbers
VI. Powers-of-10 Notation
VII. Significant Figures
VIII. Psychometric Tables
IX. Star Charts