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Introduction to Physical Science

Introduction to Physical Science - 9th edition

Introduction to Physical Science - 9th edition

ISBN13: 9780395955703

ISBN10: 039595570X

Introduction to Physical Science by James T. Shipman, Jerry D. Wilson and Aaron W. Todd - ISBN 9780395955703
Edition: 9TH 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
International: No
Introduction to Physical Science by James T. Shipman, Jerry D. Wilson and Aaron W. Todd - ISBN 9780395955703

ISBN13: 9780395955703

ISBN10: 039595570X

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Well-known and respected for its clear writing style and emphasis on fundamentals, An Introduction to Physical Science is a survey of the physical sciences physics, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, and geology for non-science majors. This text gives instructors the flexibility to teach from approaches that range from highly descriptive to highly quantitative.

In an effort to make material more accessible to students, the authors have simplified math coverage for the Ninth Edition by carefully introducing each concept in three steps: 1) each concept is briefly defined 2) the definition is presented as an equation in word form, 3) the concept is expressed in symbol notation.

  • New! Important material from Chapter 14, Moles, Solutions, and Gases, and Chapter 22, Isostasy and Diastrophism, has been integrated in other chapters. Overall text length has been reduced, making it more manageable for instructors and students.
  • New! Spotlight On feature uses figures, photos, or flowcharts to visually summarize a section or chapter.
  • New! Applying Your Knowledge questions, at the end of each chapter, tap into the practical applications of material.
  • New! Chapter 1, Measurements, and Chapter 3, Force and Motion, have been reorganized in response to user feedback.
  • New! Meteorology is now covered before geology, following the sequence of most physical science courses. The four geology chapters have been completely updated and reorganized.
  • New! A web site for students and instructors has been developed by the text authors and Clyde D. Baker (Ohio University). For each chapter, students can access study goals, discussions of each text section, sample solved problems, solved paired exercises, and online quizzes. Instructor support includes teaching tips for the classroom and laboratory, a list of potential in-class demonstrations, and answers to all end-of-chapter material. Additionally, a comprehensive list of teaching aides is included.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Measurement

Section 1.1: The Senses
Section 1.2: Introduction to the Scientific Method
Section 1.3: Standard Units and Systems of Units
Section 1.4: More on the Metric System
Highlight: Who Put 5280 Feet in a Mile?
Section 1.5: Derived Units and Conversion Factors
Section 1.6: Significant Figures
Section 1.7: Powers-of-10 (Scientific) Notation
Section 1.8: Approach to Problem Solving

2. Motion

Section 2.1: Defining Motion
Section 2.2: Speed and Velocity
Section 2.3: Acceleration
Highlight: Galileo and the Leaning Tower of Pisa
Section 2.4: Acceleration in Uniform Circular Motion
Section 2.5: Projectile Motion

3. Force and Motion

Section 3.1: Newton's First Law of Motion
Highlight: Isaac Newton
Section 3.2: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Section 3.3: Newton's Third Law of Motion
Section 3.4: Newton's Law of Gravitation
Section 3.5: Momentum
Highlight: The "Fourth Law of Motion": The Automobile Air Bag

4. Work and Energy

Section 4.1: Work
Section 4.2: Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy
Section 4.3: Conservation of Energy
Section 4.4: Power
Section 4.5: Forms and Sources of Energy
Highlight: Tidal Power

5. Temperature and Heat

Section 5.1: Temperature
Section 5.2: Heat
Highlight: Freezing from the Top Down
Section 5.3: Specific Heat and Latent Heat
Section 5.4: Heat Transfer
Section 5.5: Phases of Matter
Section 5.6: The Kinetic Theory of Gases
Highlight: Hot Gases: Aerosol Cans and Popcorn
Section 5.7: Thermodynamics

6. Waves

Section 6.1: Wave Properties
Section 6.2: Electromagnetic Waves
Section 6.3: Sound Waves
Highlight: Noise Exposure Limits
Section 6.4: The Doppler Effect
Section 6.5: Standing Waves and Resonance

7. Wave Effects and Optics

Section 7.1: Reflection
Section 7.2: Refraction and Dispersion
Highlight: The Rainbow: Dispersion and Internal Reflection
Section 7.3: Polarization
Highlight: Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs)
Section 7.4: Diffraction and Interference
Section 7.5: Spherical Mirrors
Section 7.6: Lenses

8. Electricity and Magnetism

Section 8.1: Electric Charge and Current
Section 8.2: Voltage and Electrical Power
Highlight: Superconductivity
Section 8.3: Simple Electric Circuits and Electrical Safety
Section 8.4: Magnetism
Highlight: Electrical Safety
Section 8.5: Electromagnetism

9. Atomic Physics

Section 9.1: Early Concepts of the Atom
Section 9.2: The Dual Nature of Light
Highlight: Albert Einstein
Section 9.3: Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
Highlight: Fluorescence and Phosphorescence
Section 9.4: Microwave Ovens, X-Rays, and Lasers
Section 9.5: Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
Section 9.6: Matter Waves
Section 9.7: The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom

10. Nuclear Physics

Section 10.1: Symbols of the Elements
Section 10.2: The Atomic Nucleus
Section 10.3: Radioactivity and Half-Life
Highlight: The Discovery of Radioactivity
Section 10.4: Nuclear Reactions
Section 10.5: Nuclear Fission
Highlight: The Origins of the Bomb
Section 10.6: Nuclear Fusion
Section 10.7: Biological Effects of Radiation

11. The Chemical Elements

Section 11.1: Classification of Matter
Highlight: The Tragedy of Lake Nyos
Section 11.2: Discovery of the Elements
Section 11.3: Occurrence of the Elements
Section 11.4: The Periodic Table
Highlight: Mendeleev and the Periodic Table
Section 11.5: Naming Compounds
Section 11.6: Groups of Elements

12. Chemical Bonding

Section 12.1: Law of Conservation of Mass
Highlight: Lavoisier: The Father of Chemistry
Section 12.2: Law of Definite Proportions
Section 12.3: Dalton's Atomic Theory
Section 12.4: Ionic Bonding
Section 12.5: Covalent Bonding
Highlight: The Varied Uses of Ammonia
Section 12.6: Hydrogen Bonding

13. Chemical Reactions

Section 13.1: Balancing Chemical Equations
Section 13.2: Energy and Rate of Reaction
Highlight: The Chemistry of Heat Packs
Section 13.3: Acids and Bases
Highlight: Chemistry and Teeth
Section 13.4: Single-Replacement Reactions
Section 13.5: Avogadro's Number

14. Organic Chemistry

Section 14.1: Bonding in Organic Compounds
Section 14.2: Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Section 14.3: Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
Section 14.4: Derivatives of Hydrocarbons
Highlight: Dogs, Drugs, and Body Odor
Section 14.5: Synthetic Polymers

15. The Solar System

Section 15.1: The Solar System: An Overview
Section 15.2: The Planet Earth
Section 15.3: The Terrestrial Planets
Section 15.4: The Jovian Planets and Pluto
Highlight: Space Flights in the Solar System
Section 15.5: Other Solar System Objects
Section 15.6: The Origin of the Solar System
Section 15.7: Other Planetary Systems

16. Place and Time

Section 16.1: Cartesian Coordinates
Section 16.2: Latitude and Longitude
Section 16.3: Time
Highlight: The Concept of Time
Section 16.4: The Seasons
Section 16.5: Precession of Earth's Axis
Section 16.6: The Calendar

17. The Moon

Section 17.1: General Features
Section 17.2: Composition and History of the Moon
Highlight: The Origin of the Moon
Section 17.3: Lunar Motions
Section 17.4: Phases of the Moon
Section 17.5: Eclipses
Section 17.6: Ocean Tides

18. The Universe

Section 18.1: The Sun
Highlight: Neutrinos
Section 18.2: The Celestial Sphere
Section 18.3: Stars
Section 18.4: Gravitational Collapse and Black Holes
Section 18.5: Galaxies
Section 18.6: Quasars
Section 18.7: Cosmology
Highlight: Other Cosmologies

19. The Atmosphere

Section 19.1: Composition and Structure
Section 19.2: Atmospheric Energy Content
Highlight: Blue Skies and Red Sunsets
Highlight: The Greenhouse Effect
Section 19.3: Atmospheric Measurements and Observations
Section 19.4: Air Motion
Section 19.5: Clouds

20. Atmospheric Effects

Section 20.1: Condensation and Precipitation
Section 20.2: Air Masses
Highlight: El Niño and La Niña
Section 20.3: Storms
Highlight: Naming Hurricanes
Section 20.4: Atmospheric Pollution
Section 20.5: Pollution and Climate
Highlight: The Ozone Hole

21. Minerals and Rocks

Section 21.1: Minerals
Highlight: Rare Beauties: Gems
Section 21.2: Rocks
Section 21.3: Igneous Rocks
Section 21.4: Igneous Activity
Section 21.5: Sedimentary Rocks
Section 21.6: Metamorphic Rocks

22. Structural Geology

Section 22.1: Continental Draft and Seafloor Spreading
Section 22.2: Plate Tectonics
Section 22.3: Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
Highlight: Deadly Tsunamis
Section 22.4: Crustal Deformation and Mountain Building

23. Surface Processes

Section 23.1: Weathering
Section 23.2: Erosion
Section 23.3: Earth's Water Supply
Highlight: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1993
Section 23.4: Shoreline and Seafloor Topography

24. Geologic Time

Section 24.1: Fossils
Section 24.2: Relative Geologic Time
Section 24.3: Radiometric Dating
Section 24.4: The Age of Earth
Section 24.5: The Geologic Time Scale
Highlight: The K-T Event: The Disappearance of Dinosaurs