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Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Delinquency - 7th edition

Juvenile Delinquency - 7th edition

ISBN13: 9780205442041

ISBN10: 0205442048

Juvenile Delinquency by Clemens Bartollas - ISBN 9780205442041
Edition: 7TH 06
Copyright: 2006
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
International: No
Juvenile Delinquency by Clemens Bartollas - ISBN 9780205442041

ISBN13: 9780205442041

ISBN10: 0205442048

Edition: 7TH 06

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Juvenile Delinquency provides a comprehensive, cutting-edge overview of all aspects of juvenile delinquency with a sociological focus.

This perspective is used to examine the explanations of juvenile delinquency, the environmental influences on delinquent behavior, the efforts of society to prevent juvenile delinquency, an evaluation of the justice system's effectiveness in controlling juvenile delinquency, the review of recent legislation and court rulings on the rights of youthful offenders, and the rights of adolescents in general.

As Simon Dinitz of Ohio State University writes, Clemens Bartollas is genuinely interested in delinquents and in all those who work with and have contact with delinquents. This book reflects Professor Bartollas' abiding intellectual and emotional commitment to understanding and reducing delinquency, as well as to ameliorating the personal and social ills that generate the massive delinquency problems not only in the United States but also in nearly all modern industrial nations.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Adolescence and Delinquency.

How Has the Treatment of Adolescents Changed in the United States?
Are Youth at Risk Today?
How the Juvenile Court Codes Affect the Definitions of Delinquent Behavior
What is Status Offense?
How Juvenile Delinquents Have Been Handled in American Society
The Themes Used to Examine the Study of Delinquency

2. The Measurement and Nature of Delinquency.

The Contributions Uniform Crime Reports Have Made to Understanding Delinquency
Juvenile Court Statistics
The Contributions of the Cohort Studies
How Self-Report and Official Statistics Compare
The Contributions of Victimization Surveys
The Most Important Social Factors Related to Delinquency
The Dimensions of Delinquent Behavior
Delinquency Through the Life Course

3. Individual Causes of Delinquency.

The Contribution of the Classical School to the Understanding Delinquency
The Insights Positivism Offer to Understanding Delinquency
Contemporary Approaches to the Rationality of Crime

4. Social Structure Theories.

Social Disorganization Theory
How Cultural Deviance Theory is Related to Delinquency
How Strain Affects Delinquent Behavior
The Relationship Between Social Stratification and Delinquency
Structural Explanations of Delinquency Across the Life Course

5. Social Process Theories.

Differential Association Theory
How Drift Theory Related to Delinquency
The Relationship Between Social Control and Delinquent Behavior
How Integrated Theory Explains Delinquency
Social Process and Delinquency Across the Life Course

6. Social Reaction Theories.

How Labeling Theory Explains Delinquency
What The Contribution of Symbolic Interactionist Theory to the Understanding of Delinquency
How Conflict Theory Explains Crime and Delinquency

7. Female Delinquency and Gender, Class, and Race.

How is Gender Important in Understanding Delinquency?
Gender Neutral Perspectives on Explanations of Female Delinquency
How Feminist Theories Can be Applied to Understanding Crime
A Feminist Theory on Delinquency
How Gender Bias Affects the Processing of the Female Delinquent
Gender Across the Life Course
The Continuum of Care for Female Juvenile Offenders

8. The Family and Delinquency.

How Adolescence and Family Problems Affect Delinquency Behavior
The Relationship between the Family and Delinquency
Child Abuse and Neglect
Across the Life Course and Family
How Child Abuse and Neglect Handled by the Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice System

9. The School and Delinquency.

How Education Has Evolved in the United States
What Constitutes Crime in the Schools
Is There a Correlation between Delinquency and School Failure?
Some of the Theoretical Perspectives on School and Delinquency
The Rights of Students
Are There Promising Partnerships Between the School and the Juvenile Justice System?
The Most Promising Intervention Strategies Are in the School Setting

10. Gang Delinquency.

How Peer Groups and Gangs are Related
How Gangs Have Evolved in the United States
The Nature and Extent of Gang Activity
The Theories of Gang Formation
Gangs Across the Life Course
How Communities Can Prevent and Control Youth Gangs

11. Drugs and Delinquency.

How Social Attitudes Are Related to Drug Use
The Prevalence and Incidence of Drug Use among Adolescents
The Main Types of Drugs
The Relationship Between Drug Use and Delinquency
Is There a Correlation Between Chronic Offending and Drug Use?
Some of the Theoretical Explanations for the Onset of Drug Use
How Can Drug Use be Prevented and Treated

12. Prevention, Diversion, and Treatment.

Delinquency Prevention
How Diversion Works
The Treatment Debate
The Most Frequently Used Treatment Modalities
What Works for Whom and in What Context?

13. An Overview of the Juvenile Justice Process.

How the Structures and Functions of the Juvenile Justice System Work
The Relationship Between Treatment and Punishment in the Juvenile Justice System
How the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 Affected Juvenile Corrections
Do Graduated Sanctions Represent a New Day in Juvenile Justice?
Trends for the Twenty-First Century

14. The Police and the Juvenile.

The History of Police-Juvenile Relations
Juveniles' Attitudes toward the Police
How Juvenile Offenders are Processed
International Juvenile Justice and the Police
The Legal Rights of Juveniles
How the Prevention and Deterrence of Youth Offenders Takes Place
What Do the Police Contribute to the Prevention and Deterrence of Juvenile Delinquency?

15. The Juvenile Court.

How the Juvenile Court Originated
How the Norms of the Juvenile Court Have Changed
The Role Expectations of Juvenile Court Actors
The Pretrial Procedures
Juvenile Justice and the International Context
What Happens During a Juvenile Trial
The Juvenile Sentencing Structures
Reduced Use of the Death Penalty for Juveniles

16. Juvenile Corrections: Probation, Community Treatment and Institutionalization

Development of Community-Based and Institutional Corrections
The Role Residential and Day Treatment Programs Play
The Types of Institutional Placement for Juveniles
The Quality of Residential Life in a Training School
The Rights of Confined Juveniles
How Aftercare Works
Evaluation of Juvenile Corrections