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Making Content Comprehensible for English Language Learners

Making Content Comprehensible for English Language Learners - 2nd edition

Making Content Comprehensible for English Language Learners - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 9780205386413

ISBN10: 0205386415

Making Content Comprehensible for English Language Learners by Jana Echevarria, MaryEllen Vogt and Deborah Short - ISBN 9780205386413
Edition: 2ND 04
Copyright: 2004
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
International: No
Making Content Comprehensible for English Language Learners by Jana Echevarria, MaryEllen Vogt and Deborah Short - ISBN 9780205386413

ISBN13: 9780205386413

ISBN10: 0205386415

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Like no other text on the market, Making Content Comprehensible presents an empirically validated model of sheltered instruction.

This text provides the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) model, which provides school administrators, staff developers, teachers, teacher candidates, university faculty, and field experience supervisors with a tool for observing and quantifying a teacher's implementation of quality sheltered instruction. Making Content Comprehensible presents a coherent, specific, field-tested model of sheltered instruction that specifies the features of a high-quality sheltered lesson that teaches content material to English learners. Each of the 30 items from the SIOP model are illustrated through vignettes. Three different lessons for each item are rated and discussed, allowing the book to be applied to a variety of content areas and grade levels.


  • Presents the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) as a reliable and valid model for teaching content to English Language Learners.
  • Discusses instructional strategies and techniques and provides a lesson planning framework.
  • Vignettes make the concepts understandable as seen through teacher's descriptions.
  • An explicit scoring guide increases the usability of SIOP.
  • Specific, practical ideas for teaching English Learners increase students' effectiveness in working with English learners.
  • Overview of sheltered instruction creates a historical context for the SIOP.

New To This Edition

  • A new chapter addresses the issue of English learners who are struggling readers and/or students with disabilities by including detailed information about learning disabilities and delayed development in reading (Ch. 10).
  • Revised vignettes present teaching scenarios where three teachers teaching the same grade level and content attempt to include the focal SIOP indicators, with varying degrees of success.
  • Complete lesson descriptors allow readers to score the three teaching scenarios and help readers develop a degree of inter-rater reliability.
  • New pedagogy! Each chapter contains:
  • A graphic organizer that provides an overview of the chapter.
  • "Background Sections" that include descriptions of the eight sections and 30 indicators of the SIOP to help readers plan and prepare effective sheltered lessons.
  • "Discussion Questions" appropriate for portfolio development in preservice and graduate classes, for professional development workshops, or for reflection.
  • The new, larger trim size facilitates using in the classroom the SIOP long and short versions and the lesson plan forms and rating the vignettes.
  • Includes both the full SIOP and an abbreviated version.
  • Two different SIOP lesson plan formats that can be used for planning and preparation, depending on your needs.
  • An Appendix contains the results of studies that demonstrate that English learners whose teachers used the SIOP model outperformed similar students whose teachers did not implement the model.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments.
Overview of the Book.
Overview of the Chapters.

1. Introducing Sheltered Instruction.

Changes in Instructional Practice.
The Sheltered Instruction Approach.
A Model for Sheltered Instruction.
Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol.
Overview of the Chapters.
Using the SIOP: Getting Started.

2. Lesson Preparation.

Content Objectives.
Language Objectives.
Supplementary Materials.
Adaptation of Content.
Meaningful Activities.
Using the SIOP.
The Lesson.

3. Building Background.

Concepts Linked to Students Background.
Links Made Between Past Learning and New Concepts.
Key Vocabulary Emphasized.
Developing Content Language.
Developing School Language.
The Lesson.

4. Comprehensible Input.

Appropriate Speech for ELLs.
Explanation of Academic Tasks.
Use of Techniques.
The Lesson.

5. Strategies.

Scaffolding Techniques.
The Lesson.

6. Interaction.

Opportunities for Interaction.
Grouping Configurations.
Wait Time.
Clarify Key Concepts in L1.

7. Practice/Application.

Hands-On Materials and/or Manipulatives for Practice.
Application of Content and Language Knowledge.
Integration of Language Skills.
The Lesson.

8. Lesson Delivery.

Content Objectives.
Language Objectives.
Student Engagement.
The Lesson.

9. Indicators of Review/Assessment.

Review of Key Vocabulary.
Review of Key Content Concepts.
Providing Feedback on Student Output.
Assessment of Lesson Objectives.
The Lesson.

10. Issues of Reading Development and Special Education for English Learners.

Issues of Reading Development.
Issues Related to Special Education.
Special Education Referral, Assessment and Placement.
Students with Special Needs.

11. Scoring and Interpretation of the SIOP.

SIOP Heading.
How to Score the SIOP.
Sample Lesson.
Using SIOP Scores.
Reliability and Validity of the SIOP.

Appendix A.
Appendix B.