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New History of Philosophy, Volume II : From Descartes to Searle

New History of Philosophy, Volume II : From Descartes to Searle - 2nd edition

New History of Philosophy, Volume II : From Descartes to Searle - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 9780155078499

ISBN10: 0155078496

New History of Philosophy, Volume II : From Descartes to Searle by Wallace Matson - ISBN 9780155078499
Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 2ND 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: Harcourt Brace or Harcourt Press
Published:
International: No
New History of Philosophy, Volume II : From Descartes to Searle by Wallace Matson - ISBN 9780155078499

ISBN13: 9780155078499

ISBN10: 0155078496

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 2ND 00

List price: $56.00

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Summary

The second in a two volume series on the history of philosophy, A New History introduces the fascinating story of philosophy in a lucid, readable style students enjoy reading. Incorporating the most recent scholarship, Dr. Matson integrates philosophy into the scientific, political, religious, and social context of different periods. The two volumes can be used as a core text or as a supplement to primary source readings.

Key Features

  • Arguments and theories spelled out in clear language.
  • Concepts illustrated with easily understood examples.
  • Incorporates recent scholarship.
  • Concise text.

New Features

  • Extensive revision to further improve clarity and continuity.
  • New chapters on J. L. Austin and John Rawls.

Author Bio

Matson, Wallace I. : University of California-Berkeley

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Part 5. The Renaissance and The Scientific Revolution


Chapter 32. The Renaissance

Humanism
The Religious Struggles
Science
The Copernican Revolution
Bruno
Francis Bacon

Chapter 33. Descartes

Cartesian Doubt
"I Think, Therefore I Am"
Solipsism and Skepticism
God to the Rescue
Skepticism Overthrown
The Cartesian Compromise
Geulincx and Malebranche

Chapter 34. Hobbes

First Philosophy
Body
Phantasms
Man
Political Philosophy
Right and the Law of Nature
The Social Contract
Political Pathology
Religion
Hobbism

Chapter 35. Spinoza

Political Philosophy
The Aim of Philosophy
What Understanding Is
God
Atheism?
Mind and Body
Will and Intellect
The Emotions
Human Freedom
Some Remarks in Criticism

Part 6. The Enlightenment


Chapter 36. Locke

The Essay
Ideas
Substance
Knowledge
Political Philosophy
Religion
Locke's Influence

Chapter 37. Leibniz

Logic
The Existence of God
The Best of All Possible Worlds
Teleology
Substance
The Monads
The Monads Windowless
The Pre-established Harmony
Bodies
Solipsism
Free Will Again
Compossibility
Leibniz's Influence

Chapter 38. Berkeley

The Task
Outline of Berkeley's Argument
Berkeley on Ideas
The Secondary Qualities
The Primary Qualities
Refutation of Skepticism
The Third Dialogue
Comparison of Berkeley and Leibniz

Chapter 39. Hume

Hume's Purpose
The Structure of Hume's Philosophy
Impressions and Ideas
Cause and Effect
Causal Inference
Criticism of Hume on Causation
The External World
The Self
Popular Religion
Natural Religion
Ethics
Reid
A Note on Classification

Chapter 40. The Enlightenment in France

Voltaire
La Mettrie
Diderot
Holbach
Rousseau

Chapter 41. Kant

The Critique of Pure Reason: The Setting
Synthetic A Priori Judgments
The Situation of the Knower
The Understanding and Its Concepts
The Illusions of Reason
Ethics
The Nature of Duty
The Categorical Imperative
Freedom of the Will
God
The Regulative Use of the Ideas of Pure Reason

Part 7. The Nineteenth Century


Chapter 42. Hegel

Life
Leading Principles
Understanding, Reason, Dialectic
The Absolute Mind and the Absolute Idea
Philosophy of History and Politics

Chapter 43. Positivism

Comte
Classification of the Sciences
Mach

Chapter 44. The Utilitarians

The Principle of Utility
Sanctions
John Stuart Mill
Utilitarianism
On Liberty
The Methods of Science
Permanent Possibilities of Sensation

Chapter 45. Marx and Engels

Life of Marx
The Genesis of Marxism
Alienation
Classes
Historical Materialism
The Classless Society
Dialectical Materialism
Marxism-Leninism
Marxism as a Religion

Chapter 46. The Will in Germany

Schopenhauer
The World as Idea
The World as Will
Art and Asceticism
Nietzsche
Truth and Philosophy
A New Morality
Eternal Recurrence

Part 8. The Twentieth Century


Chapter 47. Pragmatism

Peirce
The Origin of Pragmatism
James
Dewey
Instrumentalism
Ethics

Chapter 48. Russell

Logical Atomism
Ethics

Chapter 49. Existentialism

Kirkegaard
Systems and Individuals
Stages on Life's Way
Heidegger and Sartre
In-Itself and For-Itself
Dreadful Freedom

Chapter 50. Logical Positivism and Wittgenstein's Tractatus

Logical Positivism
Wittgenstein's Tractatus

Chapter 51. The Later Wittgenstein and Ordinary Language Philosophy

The Philosophical Investigations
Ordinary Language Philosophy
Ryle
Mind and Body
Volitions
Knowledge
Imagination
Austin
The Anti-Cartesian Revolution
Against the Argument from Illusion
How to Philosophize
Philosophical Grammar

Chapter 52. Rawls

Criticism

Other Editions of New History of Philosophy, Volume II : From Descartes to Searle

New History of Philosophy, Volume II by Wallace I. Matson - ISBN 9780155657298