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Philosophy : Quest for Truth

Philosophy : Quest for Truth - 7th edition

Philosophy : Quest for Truth - 7th edition

ISBN13: 9780195311327

ISBN10: 0195311329

Philosophy : Quest for Truth by Louis P. Pojman and Lewis Vaughn - ISBN 9780195311327
Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 7TH 09
Copyright: 2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press
International: No
Philosophy : Quest for Truth by Louis P. Pojman and Lewis Vaughn - ISBN 9780195311327

ISBN13: 9780195311327

ISBN10: 0195311329

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 7TH 09

List price: $79.95

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Praised for its unique combination of accessibility and comprehensiveness, Philosophy: The Quest for Truth is one of the best-selling textbooks for the introduction to philosophy course. Now in its seventh edition, this acclaimed text provides an excellent selection of classical and contemporary readings on nineteen key problems in philosophy. Louis P. Pojman and new coeditor Lewis Vaughn have carefully organized the essays in each section so that they present pro/con dialogues that allow students to compare and contrast the philosophers' positions. Topics covered include the nature of philosophy, logic, the existence of God, immortality, knowledge, the mind-body question, personal identity, free will and determinism, ethics, political philosophy, the meaning of life, abortion, capital punishment, animal rights, and affirmative action. Pojman and Vaughn provide substantial introductions to each major section. In addition, each of the eighty-four readings is accompanied by study questions, end-of-reading reflective questions, and an individual introduction featuring a biographical sketch of the philosopher. Short bibliographies following each major section, a detailed glossary of key terms, and an appendix--on reading and writing philosophy papers --further enhance the text's pedagogical value.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

I What Is Philosophy? 1

1 Plato: Socratic Wisdom 6

2 John Locke: Of Enthusiasm and the Quest for Truth 18

3 Bertrand Russell: The Value of Philosophy 24

Excursus: A Little Bit of Logic 30

II Philosophy of Religion 49

II.A Is Belief in God Rationally Justified? Arguments for the Existence of God 50

The Cosmological Argument 51

4 Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways 52

5 William Lane Craig: The Kalam Cosmological Argument and the Anthropic Principle 56

6 Paul Edwards: A Critique of the Cosmological Argument 74

The Teleological Argument 84

7 William Paley: The Watch and the Watchmaker 85

8 David Hume: A Critique of the Teleological Argument 88

The Ontological Argument 95

9 St. Anselm and Gaunilo: The Ontological Argument 96

10 William Rowe: An Analysis of the Ontological Argument 99

II.B Why Is There Evil? 110

11 Fyodor Dostoevsky: Why Is There Evil? 112

12 B. C. Johnson: Why Doesn't God Intervene to Prevent Evil? 116

13 John Hick: There Is a Reason Why God Allows Evil 121

II.C Is Faith Compatible with Reason? 126

14 Blaise Pascal: Yes, Faith Is a Logical Bet 127

15 W. K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief 130

16 William James: The Will to Believe 135

17 Antony Flew, R. M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell: A Debate on the Rationality of Religious Belief 144

18 Alvin Plantinga: Religious Belief Without Evidence 150

19 Soren Kierkegaard: Faith and Truth 162

20 Michael Martin: Holy Spirit Epistemology 167

21 Bertrand Russell: Can Religion Cure Our Troubles? 173

III Knowledge 181

III.A What Can We Know? Classical Theories of Knowledge 182

22 Rene Descartes:Cartesian Doubt and the Search for Foundational Knowledge 183

23 John Locke: The Empiricist Theory of Knowledge 189

24 George Berkeley: An Idealist Theory of Knowledge 201

25 David Hume: The Origin of Our Ideas and Skepticism about Causal Reasoning 210

26 John Hospers: An Argument Against Skepticism 219

III.B Truth, Rationality, and Cognitive Relativism 227

27 Bertrand Russell: The Correspondence Theory of Truth 229

28 William James: The Pragmatic Theory of Truth 234

29 Richard Rorty: Dismantling Truth: Solidarity versus Objectivity 243

30 Daniel Dennett: Postmodernism and Truth 251

31 Harvey Siegel: Relativism 258

IV Philosophy of Mind: The Mind-Body Problem 261

IV.A What Am I? A Mind or a Body? 262

32 Rene Descartes: Dualistic Interactionism 265

33 Gilbert Ryle: Exorcising Descartes' "Ghost in the Machine" 272

34 J. P. Moreland: A Contemporary Defense of Dualism 278

35 Paul Churchland: On Functionalism and Materialism 289

36 Thomas Nagel: What Is It Like to Be a Bat? 305

37 Jerry A. Fodor: The Mind-Body Problem 313

38 David Chalmers: Property Dualism 323

39 John Searle: Minds, Brains, and Computers 326

IV.B Who Am I? Do We Have Personal Identity? 334

40 John Locke: Our Psychological Properties Define the Self 339

41 David Hume: We Have No Substantial Self with Which We Are Identical 343

42 Derek Parfit and Godfrey Vesey: Brain Transplants and Personal Identity: A Dialogue 346

IV.C Is There Life after Death? Am I Immortal? 352

43 Plato: Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul 353

44 Paul Edwards: An Argument Against Survival: The Dependence of Consciousness on the Brain 358

45 John Hick: In Defense of Immortality 367

V Freedom of the Will and Determinism 377

46 Baron d'Holbach: We Are Completely Determined 383

47 William James: The Dilemma of Determinism 389

48 Corliss Lamont: Freedom of the Will and Human Responsibility 399

49 Roderick M. Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self 402

50 W. T. Stace: Compatibilism 411

51 Harry Frankfurt: Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person 417

52 David Hume: Liberty and Necessity 427

53 Richard Taylor: Fate 430

VI Ethics 441

VI.A Are There Any Moral Absolutes or Is Morality Completely Relative? 445

54 Ruth Benedict: Morality Is Relative 446

55 James Rachels: Morality Is Not Relative 451

VI.B Ethics and Egoism: Why Should We Be Moral? 460

56 Plato: Why Should I Be Moral? Gyges' Ring and Socrates' Dilemma 461

57 Ayn Rand: In Defense of Ethical Egoism 466

58 Louis P. Pojman: A Critique of Ethical Egoism 473

VI.C Which Is the Correct Ethical Theory? 484

59 Aristotle: The Ethics of Virtue 485

60 Immanuel Kant: The Moral Law 495

61 John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism 508

62 Jean-Paul Sartre: Existentialist Ethics 515

63 James Rachels: The Divine Command Theory 522

VII Political Philosophy 527

64 Robert Paul Wolff: In Defense of Anarchism 529

65 Thomas Hobbes: The Absolutist Answer 534

66 John Locke: The Democratic Answer 544

67 John Stuart Mill: A Classical Liberal Answer 550

68 John Rawls: The Contemporary Liberal Answer 557

VIII What Is the Meaning of Life? 569

69 Epicurus: Moderate Hedonism 571

70 Epictetus: Stoicism: Enchiridion 577

71 Albert Camus: Life Is Absurd 586

72 Louis P. Pojman: Religion Gives Meaning to Life 591

73 Thomas Nagel: The Absurd 595

74 Bertrand Russell: Reflections on Suffering 603

IX Philosophy in Action 607

IX.A Is Abortion Morally Permissible? 608

75 Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral 609

76 Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion 623

77 Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion 629

78 Jane English: The Moderate Position 641

IX.B Is the Death Penalty Morally Permissible? 649

79 Burton Leiser: The Death Penalty Is Permissible 650

80 Hugo Adam Bedau: No, the Death Penalty Is Not Morally Permissible 655

IX.C Do Animals Have Rights? 665

81 Peter Singer: The Case for Animal Liberation 666

82 Carl Cohen: The Case Against Animal Rights 670

IX.D Is Affirmative Action Morally Justified? 674

83 Albert Mosley: The Case for Affirmative Action 677

84 Louis P. Pojman: The Case Against Affirmative Action 688

App How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paper 705

Glossary 709