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Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications

Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications - 3rd edition

Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 9780195144178

ISBN10: 0195144171

Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications by Murray Levine, Douglas D. Perkins and David V. Perkins - ISBN 9780195144178
Edition: 3RD 05
Copyright: 2005
Publisher: Oxford University Press
International: No
Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications by Murray Levine, Douglas D. Perkins and David V. Perkins - ISBN 9780195144178

ISBN13: 9780195144178

ISBN10: 0195144171

Other Editions of Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications

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Updated and expanded in this third edition, Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications presents the most recent literature, empirical work, issues, and events in the field and the relevant policy debates surrounding them.

The book maintains the basic architecture of the previous edition--integrating theory, research, and practice across the diverse subject matter of community mental health and community psychology--but reduces jargon and improves clarity. Applying an ecological perspective, it places problems in their current and historical contexts and employs a stress, coping, and social-support model as a key integrative device to analyze community mental health practice, prevention, self-help, and social action.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Life Is a Soap Opera

The Incidence and Prevalence of Problems in Living
Institutionalized Population
Outpatient Mental Health Care
Alcohol and Substance Abuse
Crime and Victims of Crime
Problems of Children and Adolescents
Medical Problems and Chronic Illnesses
Box 1-1: Psychosocial Adaptation to Health Problems: The Case of Genital Herpes
Marriage and Parenting
Economics and Employment
Leisure-Time and Value Changes
Aloneness in American Society
The Availability of Professional Care
Problems of the Medical Model

2. The Origins of Community Psychology

Origins of Mental Health Care in the Welfare System
Community Mental Health
Community Psychology Grows from Community Mental Health
The Influence of Applied Social Psychology and the War on Poverty
Current Issues in Community Mental Health
Box 2-1: Homelessness
Community Alternatives to Hospitalization
Box 2-2: Assertive Community Supports
Minorities and Other Undeserved Groups
Children and Adolescents

3. A Conceptual Road Map of Community Psychology

The Dohrenwend Model
Stressful Life Events
Person and Environment
Box 3-1: Poverty, Unemployment, and Social Problems
Opportunities for Intervention Based on Dohrenwend's Model
Crisis Intervention
Intervention to Enhance Psychological Mediators
Intervention to Enhance Situational Mediators
Psychological Characteristics of the Person That Increase the Likelihood of a Stressful Life Event
Situations That Increase the Risk of Stressful Events
Preventing Stressful Life Events

4. The Ecological Analogy

Ecology as a Paradigm
A Paradigm Shift
Box 4-1: Community Research from an Ecological Perspective
Implications for the Research Enterprise
Principles of Ecology
Cycling of Resources
Adaptation; Niche
Box 4-2: Behavior-Environment Congruence in Geel, Belgium
Box 4-3: The Boom in Hong Kong's Elderly Home Industry
Mental Health and the Law
Law as a Factor in the Ecological Analogy
Adapting to Legal Change
Box 4-4: Unforeseen Consequences of a Change in Child Protection Laws
Ecology and Values
Ecology and Practice

5. Five Psychological Conceptions of the Environment

Social Environmental Influences on Behavior and Well-Being
Perceived Social Climates
Social Roles
Social Capital: Community Cognitions, Behaviors, and Networks
Physical Environmental Influences on Behavior and Well-Being
The Socio-Physical Environment: Behavior Settings
Box 5-1: The Fairweather Lodge
Postscript: What Role Remains for Individual Differences?

6. Labeling Theory: An Alternative to the Illness Model

The Social Context for the Development of Labeling Theory
Principles of Labeling Theory
Primary and Secondary Deviance
Cultural Stereotypes and Labeling
When is Residual Rule-Breaking Labeled?
Diagnosis and Labeling Theory
Behavior is Assimilated to the Label
The Use of Law to Reduce Stigma
Some Cautions

7. Adaptation, Crisis, Coping, and Support

Box 7-1: Research on Stressful Life Events
Vulnerability: An Integrative Perspective
General Characteristics of Coping
Box 7-2: Pollyanna and the Glad Game
Stages in Crisis Situations
Individual and Situational Differences in Coping
Social Support
Theory and Research Concerning Social Support
Box 7-3: Coping and Support in the Context of Culture
New Directions in Research on Social Support
Box 7-4: Support Interventions for People with Disabilities

8. Prevention

Basic Concepts in Prevention
Indicated (Secondary) Prevention
The Primary Mental Health Project
Box 8-1: Preventing Child Maltreatment: The Problem of False Positives
Limitations of Indicated Prevention in Mental Health
Universal and Selective (Primary) Prevention
Competence Building
Box 8-2: A Successful School Change Effort
Prevention through Stepwise Risk Reduction
Box 8-3: Head Start and Early Head Start: An Experiment in Selective Prevention
Prevention of HIV/AIDS
Schools as a Locus of Prevention
Community-Based Health Promotion

9. Self-Help Groups

Growth of Self-Help Groups
Contemporary Reasons for Growth
Types of Self-Help Groups
The Nature of Self-Help Groups
Dynamics of Self-Help Groups
Self-Help and the Model of a Family
How Self-Help Groups Work
Self-Help and Ecological Concepts
Are Self-Help Groups Effective?
AA and Recovery from Alcoholism
A Controlled Experiment
Starting Self-Help Groups
Advocacy Groups

10. The Problem of Change

The Creation of New Settings
Box 10-1: The Residential Youth Center (RYC)
Change in Existing Settings
Systems Theory
First- and Second-Order Change
Organizational Change, Development, and Learning
Production and Satisfaction Goals
The Social Context of Change
Case Studies of Change in Existing Settings
Changing a State Mental Hospital
Court-Ordered Change in Caring for Persons with Mental Retardation
Planned Change on a Statewide Level: The Texas Educational Miracle

11. School Desegregation: A Societal-Level Intervention

Slavery, Segregation, and the Constitution
The NAACP and Its Litigation Strategy
Social Science Theory and Integration
Successful Desegregation of the Schools--A Case Study
After Desegregation
Future Problems

12. Community Development and Social Action in Community Psychology

The Politics of Problem Definition
Blaming the Victim
Paradox and Empowerment
Competent Communities
Community Development
Social Action
An Example of Social Action: The Love Canal Homeowners' Association
Box 12-1: Center for Health, Environment, and Justice and the Environmental Justice Movement

13. Science, Ethics, and the Future of Community Psychology

Ecology and Science
The Ethics of Community Intervention
Interdisciplinary Community Psychology
Box 13-1: Applying the Ecological-Psychopolitical Model to One Domain: The Physical Environment
Community Psychology Around the Globe
Names Index
Subject Index

Other Editions of Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications

Principles of Community Psychology : Perspectives and Trends by Murray Levine - ISBN 9780195098440