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Introductory & General Electronics Textbooks

Edition: 96

Copyright: 1996

Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Published: 1996

International: No

Copyright: 1996

Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Published: 1996

International: No

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One of the most comprehensive, clearly written books on electronic technology, Simpon's invaluable guide offers a concise and practical overview of the basic principles, theorems, circuit behavior and problem-solving procedures of this intriguing and fast-paced science.

Examines a broad spectrum of topics, such as atomic structure, Kirchhoff's laws, energy, power, introductory circuit analysis techniques, Thevenin's theorem, the maximum power transfer theorem, electric circuit analysis, magnetism, resonance semiconductor diodes, electron current flow, and much more. Smoothly integrates the flow of material in a nonmathematical format without sacrificing depth of coverage or accuracy to help readers grasp more complex concepts and gain a more thorough understanding of the principles of electronics. Includes many practical applications, problems and examples emphasizing troubleshooting, design, and safety to provide a solid foundation in the field of electronics.

(Note: *chapters 4 thru 23 begin with an introduction). *

**1. Introduction. **

History of Electricity and Electronics.

Applications of Electronics.

Electronic Components.

Units.

Scientific Notation.

Molecules and Atomic Structure.

Electric Charges.

**2. Current, Voltage, and Resistance. **

The Motion of Electric Charge.

Electric Current.

Electron Velocity.

The Direction of Electric Current.

Direct Current and Alternating Current.

Electric Potential and Voltage.

Voltage Drop.

Voltage and Current Sources.

Resistance.

Relationship Between Temperature and Resistance.

Conductance.

Wire Sizes.

Load Resistance.

Resistors.

Fixed Resistors.

Variable Resistors.

Resistor Color Code.

Troubleshooting Resistors.

**3. Ohm's Law, Power, and Energy. **

Ohm's Law.

Work and Energy.

Power.

Power Dissipation and Rating of Circuit Components.

Efficiency.

The Kilowatt-Hour.

**4. Series Circuits. **

Resistance in Series Circuits.

Current in Series Circuits.

Voltage in Series Circuits.

Polarity of Voltages.

Kirchhoff's Voltage Law.

Voltage Dividers.

Power in Series Circuits.

Internal Resistance.

Fuses and Switches.

Troubleshooting Series Circuits.

**5. Parallel Circuits. **

Voltage in Parallel Circuits.

Resistances in Parallel.

Kirchhoff's Current Law.

Current Dividers.

Ohm's Law in Parallel Circuits.

Voltage Sources in Parallel.

Power in Parallel Circuits.

Applications of Parallel Circuits.

Troubleshooting Parallel Circuits.

**6. Series-Parallel Circuits. **

Resistances in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Current in Series-Parallel Circuit.

Voltage in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Applying Ohm's Law in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Power in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Loaded Voltage Dividers.

Wheatstone Bridge.

Troubleshooting Series-Parallel Circuits.

**7. DC Measuring Instruments. **

DC Ammeter.

DC Voltmeter.

Voltmeter Sensitivity.

Voltmeter Loading.

Ohmmeter.

Multimeters.

Electronic Meters.

Digital Meters.

**8. Network Theorems. **

Loop Analysis.

Nodal Analysis.

Thévenin's Theorem.

Norton's Theorem.

Conversion of Voltage and Current Sources.

Millman's Theorem.

Superposition Theorem.

Maximum Power Transfer Theorem.

**9. Magnetism. **

Nature of Magnetism.

Magnetic Field.

Magnetic Attraction and Repulsion.

Magnetic Materials.

Field Around a Current-Carrying Conductor.

Magnetic Field Around a Coil. Electromagnets.

Permanent Magnets.

The Hall Effect.

**10. The Magnetic Circuit. **

Magnetic Force.

Reluctance.

Field Intensity.

Permeance.

Permeability.

Magnetic Properties of Materials.

Magnetic Hysteresis, Residual Magnetism.

Ampere's Circuit Law.

Air Gaps.

Series Magnetic Circuit.

**11. Alternating Voltages and Currents. **

The Sine Wave.

Polarity of a Sine Wave.

Radian Measure and Angular Velocity.

Frequency.

Period.

Wavelength.

Instantaneous Values of a Sine Wave.

Average and RMS Values of a Sine Wave.

Phase Relationships.

Nonsinusoidal Waveforms.

Harmonic Frequencies.

**12. AC Measuring Instruments and Troubleshooting Equipment. **

AC Voltmeters and Ammeters.

Oscilloscopes.

Frequency Counters.

Signal Generators.

Troubleshooting with AC Meters.

**13. Capacitance and Capacitors. **

Relative Permittivity (Dielectric Constant). Dielectric Strength. Leakage Current. Types of Capacitors. Capacitor Color Code. Transients in *RC* Circuits. Energy Stored by a Capacitor. Capacitors in Series and Parallel. Coupling Capacitors and Bypass Capacitors. Troubleshooting Capacitors.

**14. Inductance and Inductors. **

Electromagnetic Induction.

Faraday's Law.

Lenz's Law.

Self- Inductance.

Mutual-Inductance.

Types of Inductors.

Inductors in Series.

Inductors in Parallel.

Inductive Time Constant.

Transients in *RL* Circuits.

Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field.

Troubleshooting Inductors.

**15. Transformers. **

Transformer Construction.

Transformer Principles.

Reflected Load in a Transformer.

Maximum Power Transfer.

Transformer Losses.

Efficiency.

Autotransformer.

Isolation Transformers.

Multiple-Winding Transformer.

Transformer Polarity.

Pulse Transformer.

Troubleshooting Transformers.

**16. Alternating Current Circuits. **

Phasors.

Resistance in AC Circuits.

Inductive Reactance.

Capacitive Reactance.

Impedance.

The Series *RL* Circuit.

The Parallel *RL *Circuit.

Series-Parallel *RL* Circuits.

The Series *RL *Circuit.

The Parallel *RC *Circuit.

Series-Parallel *RC *Circuits.

The Series *RLC *Circuit.

Admittance and Susceptance.

The Parallel *RLC *Circuit.

Power in AC Circuits.

Effective Resistance.

**17. Resonance. **

Resonance in Series AC Circuits.

The *Q* of a Series Circuit.

Bandwidth of Resonant Circuits.

Resonance in Parallel AC Circuits.

Tuning Circuits.

The Decibel.

**18. Coupling and Filter Circuits. **

Direct Coupling.

Capacitive Coupling.

Transformer Coupling.

Filter Circuits.

Low-Pass Filters.

High-Pass Filters.

Band-Pass Filters.

Band-Stop Filters.

Bode Plots.

Active Filters.

**19. Semiconductor Fundamentals. **

Atomic Structure of Semiconductors.

P-Type and N-Type Semiconductors.

The PN Junction.

Biasing the PN Junction.

Semiconductor Diodes.

Troubleshooting Diodes.

Half-Wave Rectifiers.

Full-Wave Rectifiers.

Rectifier Filters.

Troubleshooting Rectifier Circuits.

Zener Diodes.

Varactor Diodes.

LEDs and Photodiodes.

**20. Transistors and Thyristors. **

Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs).

Volage-Divider Biasing.

The BJT as an Amplifier.

The Transistor as a Switch. Testing Bipolar Transistors.

Field Effect Transistors (FETs).

Junction Field Effect Transistors (JFETs).

Metal Oxide Semiconductor FETs (MOSFETs).

Testing Field Effect Transistors.

Thyristors.

Testing Thyristors.

Unijunction Transistors (UJTs).

**21. Amplifier Circuits. **

Effect of AC Signals on an Amplifier.

Common-Base (CB) Amplifiers.

Common-Emitter (CE) Amplifiers.

Common-Collector (CC) Amplifiers.

FET Amplifiers.

Multistage Amplifiers.

Class A Amplifiers.

Class B Amplifiers.

Class C Amplifiers.

Differential Amplifiers.

Troubleshooting Amplifiers.

**22. Operational Amplifiers (Op-Amps). **

Op-Amp Characteristics.

Inverting Amplifiers.

Noninverting Amplifiers.

Summing Amplifiers.

Comparators.

Integrators and Differentiators.

Active Filters.

Oscillator Circuits.

**23. Digital Electronics. **

Number Systems.

Binary Number System.

Binary-to-Decimal and Decimal- to-Binary Conversion.

Hexadecimal Number System.

Binary Coded Decimal (BCD).

ASCII Code.

AND Gates.

OR Gates.

Inverters.

NAND Gates.

NOR Gates.

Exclusive-OR Gates.

Logic Gate Combinations.

Boolean Theorems.

Applying DeMorgan's Theorems to Digital Circuits.

Flip-Flops (FFs).

D-Type Flip-Flops.

JK Flip-Flops.

Shift Registers.

Counters.

Troubleshooting Digital Circuits.

**Appendices. **

Table of Standard Resistor Values.

Magnetic Parameter Conversions.

The Greek Alphabet and Common Meanings.

Device Data Sheets.

**Answers to Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems. **

**Glossary. **

**Index. **

shop us with confidence

Summary

One of the most comprehensive, clearly written books on electronic technology, Simpon's invaluable guide offers a concise and practical overview of the basic principles, theorems, circuit behavior and problem-solving procedures of this intriguing and fast-paced science.

Examines a broad spectrum of topics, such as atomic structure, Kirchhoff's laws, energy, power, introductory circuit analysis techniques, Thevenin's theorem, the maximum power transfer theorem, electric circuit analysis, magnetism, resonance semiconductor diodes, electron current flow, and much more. Smoothly integrates the flow of material in a nonmathematical format without sacrificing depth of coverage or accuracy to help readers grasp more complex concepts and gain a more thorough understanding of the principles of electronics. Includes many practical applications, problems and examples emphasizing troubleshooting, design, and safety to provide a solid foundation in the field of electronics.

Table of Contents

(Note: *chapters 4 thru 23 begin with an introduction). *

**1. Introduction. **

History of Electricity and Electronics.

Applications of Electronics.

Electronic Components.

Units.

Scientific Notation.

Molecules and Atomic Structure.

Electric Charges.

**2. Current, Voltage, and Resistance. **

The Motion of Electric Charge.

Electric Current.

Electron Velocity.

The Direction of Electric Current.

Direct Current and Alternating Current.

Electric Potential and Voltage.

Voltage Drop.

Voltage and Current Sources.

Resistance.

Relationship Between Temperature and Resistance.

Conductance.

Wire Sizes.

Load Resistance.

Resistors.

Fixed Resistors.

Variable Resistors.

Resistor Color Code.

Troubleshooting Resistors.

**3. Ohm's Law, Power, and Energy. **

Ohm's Law.

Work and Energy.

Power.

Power Dissipation and Rating of Circuit Components.

Efficiency.

The Kilowatt-Hour.

**4. Series Circuits. **

Resistance in Series Circuits.

Current in Series Circuits.

Voltage in Series Circuits.

Polarity of Voltages.

Kirchhoff's Voltage Law.

Voltage Dividers.

Power in Series Circuits.

Internal Resistance.

Fuses and Switches.

Troubleshooting Series Circuits.

**5. Parallel Circuits. **

Voltage in Parallel Circuits.

Resistances in Parallel.

Kirchhoff's Current Law.

Current Dividers.

Ohm's Law in Parallel Circuits.

Voltage Sources in Parallel.

Power in Parallel Circuits.

Applications of Parallel Circuits.

Troubleshooting Parallel Circuits.

**6. Series-Parallel Circuits. **

Resistances in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Current in Series-Parallel Circuit.

Voltage in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Applying Ohm's Law in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Power in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Loaded Voltage Dividers.

Wheatstone Bridge.

Troubleshooting Series-Parallel Circuits.

**7. DC Measuring Instruments. **

DC Ammeter.

DC Voltmeter.

Voltmeter Sensitivity.

Voltmeter Loading.

Ohmmeter.

Multimeters.

Electronic Meters.

Digital Meters.

**8. Network Theorems. **

Loop Analysis.

Nodal Analysis.

Thévenin's Theorem.

Norton's Theorem.

Conversion of Voltage and Current Sources.

Millman's Theorem.

Superposition Theorem.

Maximum Power Transfer Theorem.

**9. Magnetism. **

Nature of Magnetism.

Magnetic Field.

Magnetic Attraction and Repulsion.

Magnetic Materials.

Field Around a Current-Carrying Conductor.

Magnetic Field Around a Coil. Electromagnets.

Permanent Magnets.

The Hall Effect.

**10. The Magnetic Circuit. **

Magnetic Force.

Reluctance.

Field Intensity.

Permeance.

Permeability.

Magnetic Properties of Materials.

Magnetic Hysteresis, Residual Magnetism.

Ampere's Circuit Law.

Air Gaps.

Series Magnetic Circuit.

**11. Alternating Voltages and Currents. **

The Sine Wave.

Polarity of a Sine Wave.

Radian Measure and Angular Velocity.

Frequency.

Period.

Wavelength.

Instantaneous Values of a Sine Wave.

Average and RMS Values of a Sine Wave.

Phase Relationships.

Nonsinusoidal Waveforms.

Harmonic Frequencies.

**12. AC Measuring Instruments and Troubleshooting Equipment. **

AC Voltmeters and Ammeters.

Oscilloscopes.

Frequency Counters.

Signal Generators.

Troubleshooting with AC Meters.

**13. Capacitance and Capacitors. **

Relative Permittivity (Dielectric Constant). Dielectric Strength. Leakage Current. Types of Capacitors. Capacitor Color Code. Transients in *RC* Circuits. Energy Stored by a Capacitor. Capacitors in Series and Parallel. Coupling Capacitors and Bypass Capacitors. Troubleshooting Capacitors.

**14. Inductance and Inductors. **

Electromagnetic Induction.

Faraday's Law.

Lenz's Law.

Self- Inductance.

Mutual-Inductance.

Types of Inductors.

Inductors in Series.

Inductors in Parallel.

Inductive Time Constant.

Transients in *RL* Circuits.

Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field.

Troubleshooting Inductors.

**15. Transformers. **

Transformer Construction.

Transformer Principles.

Reflected Load in a Transformer.

Maximum Power Transfer.

Transformer Losses.

Efficiency.

Autotransformer.

Isolation Transformers.

Multiple-Winding Transformer.

Transformer Polarity.

Pulse Transformer.

Troubleshooting Transformers.

**16. Alternating Current Circuits. **

Phasors.

Resistance in AC Circuits.

Inductive Reactance.

Capacitive Reactance.

Impedance.

The Series *RL* Circuit.

The Parallel *RL *Circuit.

Series-Parallel *RL* Circuits.

The Series *RL *Circuit.

The Parallel *RC *Circuit.

Series-Parallel *RC *Circuits.

The Series *RLC *Circuit.

Admittance and Susceptance.

The Parallel *RLC *Circuit.

Power in AC Circuits.

Effective Resistance.

**17. Resonance. **

Resonance in Series AC Circuits.

The *Q* of a Series Circuit.

Bandwidth of Resonant Circuits.

Resonance in Parallel AC Circuits.

Tuning Circuits.

The Decibel.

**18. Coupling and Filter Circuits. **

Direct Coupling.

Capacitive Coupling.

Transformer Coupling.

Filter Circuits.

Low-Pass Filters.

High-Pass Filters.

Band-Pass Filters.

Band-Stop Filters.

Bode Plots.

Active Filters.

**19. Semiconductor Fundamentals. **

Atomic Structure of Semiconductors.

P-Type and N-Type Semiconductors.

The PN Junction.

Biasing the PN Junction.

Semiconductor Diodes.

Troubleshooting Diodes.

Half-Wave Rectifiers.

Full-Wave Rectifiers.

Rectifier Filters.

Troubleshooting Rectifier Circuits.

Zener Diodes.

Varactor Diodes.

LEDs and Photodiodes.

**20. Transistors and Thyristors. **

Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs).

Volage-Divider Biasing.

The BJT as an Amplifier.

The Transistor as a Switch. Testing Bipolar Transistors.

Field Effect Transistors (FETs).

Junction Field Effect Transistors (JFETs).

Metal Oxide Semiconductor FETs (MOSFETs).

Testing Field Effect Transistors.

Thyristors.

Testing Thyristors.

Unijunction Transistors (UJTs).

**21. Amplifier Circuits. **

Effect of AC Signals on an Amplifier.

Common-Base (CB) Amplifiers.

Common-Emitter (CE) Amplifiers.

Common-Collector (CC) Amplifiers.

FET Amplifiers.

Multistage Amplifiers.

Class A Amplifiers.

Class B Amplifiers.

Class C Amplifiers.

Differential Amplifiers.

Troubleshooting Amplifiers.

**22. Operational Amplifiers (Op-Amps). **

Op-Amp Characteristics.

Inverting Amplifiers.

Noninverting Amplifiers.

Summing Amplifiers.

Comparators.

Integrators and Differentiators.

Active Filters.

Oscillator Circuits.

**23. Digital Electronics. **

Number Systems.

Binary Number System.

Binary-to-Decimal and Decimal- to-Binary Conversion.

Hexadecimal Number System.

Binary Coded Decimal (BCD).

ASCII Code.

AND Gates.

OR Gates.

Inverters.

NAND Gates.

NOR Gates.

Exclusive-OR Gates.

Logic Gate Combinations.

Boolean Theorems.

Applying DeMorgan's Theorems to Digital Circuits.

Flip-Flops (FFs).

D-Type Flip-Flops.

JK Flip-Flops.

Shift Registers.

Counters.

Troubleshooting Digital Circuits.

**Appendices. **

Table of Standard Resistor Values.

Magnetic Parameter Conversions.

The Greek Alphabet and Common Meanings.

Device Data Sheets.

**Answers to Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems. **

**Glossary. **

**Index. **

Publisher Info

Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Published: 1996

International: No

Published: 1996

International: No

One of the most comprehensive, clearly written books on electronic technology, Simpon's invaluable guide offers a concise and practical overview of the basic principles, theorems, circuit behavior and problem-solving procedures of this intriguing and fast-paced science.

Examines a broad spectrum of topics, such as atomic structure, Kirchhoff's laws, energy, power, introductory circuit analysis techniques, Thevenin's theorem, the maximum power transfer theorem, electric circuit analysis, magnetism, resonance semiconductor diodes, electron current flow, and much more. Smoothly integrates the flow of material in a nonmathematical format without sacrificing depth of coverage or accuracy to help readers grasp more complex concepts and gain a more thorough understanding of the principles of electronics. Includes many practical applications, problems and examples emphasizing troubleshooting, design, and safety to provide a solid foundation in the field of electronics.

(Note: *chapters 4 thru 23 begin with an introduction). *

**1. Introduction. **

History of Electricity and Electronics.

Applications of Electronics.

Electronic Components.

Units.

Scientific Notation.

Molecules and Atomic Structure.

Electric Charges.

**2. Current, Voltage, and Resistance. **

The Motion of Electric Charge.

Electric Current.

Electron Velocity.

The Direction of Electric Current.

Direct Current and Alternating Current.

Electric Potential and Voltage.

Voltage Drop.

Voltage and Current Sources.

Resistance.

Relationship Between Temperature and Resistance.

Conductance.

Wire Sizes.

Load Resistance.

Resistors.

Fixed Resistors.

Variable Resistors.

Resistor Color Code.

Troubleshooting Resistors.

**3. Ohm's Law, Power, and Energy. **

Ohm's Law.

Work and Energy.

Power.

Power Dissipation and Rating of Circuit Components.

Efficiency.

The Kilowatt-Hour.

**4. Series Circuits. **

Resistance in Series Circuits.

Current in Series Circuits.

Voltage in Series Circuits.

Polarity of Voltages.

Kirchhoff's Voltage Law.

Voltage Dividers.

Power in Series Circuits.

Internal Resistance.

Fuses and Switches.

Troubleshooting Series Circuits.

**5. Parallel Circuits. **

Voltage in Parallel Circuits.

Resistances in Parallel.

Kirchhoff's Current Law.

Current Dividers.

Ohm's Law in Parallel Circuits.

Voltage Sources in Parallel.

Power in Parallel Circuits.

Applications of Parallel Circuits.

Troubleshooting Parallel Circuits.

**6. Series-Parallel Circuits. **

Resistances in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Current in Series-Parallel Circuit.

Voltage in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Applying Ohm's Law in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Power in Series-Parallel Circuits.

Loaded Voltage Dividers.

Wheatstone Bridge.

Troubleshooting Series-Parallel Circuits.

**7. DC Measuring Instruments. **

DC Ammeter.

DC Voltmeter.

Voltmeter Sensitivity.

Voltmeter Loading.

Ohmmeter.

Multimeters.

Electronic Meters.

Digital Meters.

**8. Network Theorems. **

Loop Analysis.

Nodal Analysis.

Thévenin's Theorem.

Norton's Theorem.

Conversion of Voltage and Current Sources.

Millman's Theorem.

Superposition Theorem.

Maximum Power Transfer Theorem.

**9. Magnetism. **

Nature of Magnetism.

Magnetic Field.

Magnetic Attraction and Repulsion.

Magnetic Materials.

Field Around a Current-Carrying Conductor.

Magnetic Field Around a Coil. Electromagnets.

Permanent Magnets.

The Hall Effect.

**10. The Magnetic Circuit. **

Magnetic Force.

Reluctance.

Field Intensity.

Permeance.

Permeability.

Magnetic Properties of Materials.

Magnetic Hysteresis, Residual Magnetism.

Ampere's Circuit Law.

Air Gaps.

Series Magnetic Circuit.

**11. Alternating Voltages and Currents. **

The Sine Wave.

Polarity of a Sine Wave.

Radian Measure and Angular Velocity.

Frequency.

Period.

Wavelength.

Instantaneous Values of a Sine Wave.

Average and RMS Values of a Sine Wave.

Phase Relationships.

Nonsinusoidal Waveforms.

Harmonic Frequencies.

**12. AC Measuring Instruments and Troubleshooting Equipment. **

AC Voltmeters and Ammeters.

Oscilloscopes.

Frequency Counters.

Signal Generators.

Troubleshooting with AC Meters.

**13. Capacitance and Capacitors. **

Relative Permittivity (Dielectric Constant). Dielectric Strength. Leakage Current. Types of Capacitors. Capacitor Color Code. Transients in *RC* Circuits. Energy Stored by a Capacitor. Capacitors in Series and Parallel. Coupling Capacitors and Bypass Capacitors. Troubleshooting Capacitors.

**14. Inductance and Inductors. **

Electromagnetic Induction.

Faraday's Law.

Lenz's Law.

Self- Inductance.

Mutual-Inductance.

Types of Inductors.

Inductors in Series.

Inductors in Parallel.

Inductive Time Constant.

Transients in *RL* Circuits.

Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field.

Troubleshooting Inductors.

**15. Transformers. **

Transformer Construction.

Transformer Principles.

Reflected Load in a Transformer.

Maximum Power Transfer.

Transformer Losses.

Efficiency.

Autotransformer.

Isolation Transformers.

Multiple-Winding Transformer.

Transformer Polarity.

Pulse Transformer.

Troubleshooting Transformers.

**16. Alternating Current Circuits. **

Phasors.

Resistance in AC Circuits.

Inductive Reactance.

Capacitive Reactance.

Impedance.

The Series *RL* Circuit.

The Parallel *RL *Circuit.

Series-Parallel *RL* Circuits.

The Series *RL *Circuit.

The Parallel *RC *Circuit.

Series-Parallel *RC *Circuits.

The Series *RLC *Circuit.

Admittance and Susceptance.

The Parallel *RLC *Circuit.

Power in AC Circuits.

Effective Resistance.

**17. Resonance. **

Resonance in Series AC Circuits.

The *Q* of a Series Circuit.

Bandwidth of Resonant Circuits.

Resonance in Parallel AC Circuits.

Tuning Circuits.

The Decibel.

**18. Coupling and Filter Circuits. **

Direct Coupling.

Capacitive Coupling.

Transformer Coupling.

Filter Circuits.

Low-Pass Filters.

High-Pass Filters.

Band-Pass Filters.

Band-Stop Filters.

Bode Plots.

Active Filters.

**19. Semiconductor Fundamentals. **

Atomic Structure of Semiconductors.

P-Type and N-Type Semiconductors.

The PN Junction.

Biasing the PN Junction.

Semiconductor Diodes.

Troubleshooting Diodes.

Half-Wave Rectifiers.

Full-Wave Rectifiers.

Rectifier Filters.

Troubleshooting Rectifier Circuits.

Zener Diodes.

Varactor Diodes.

LEDs and Photodiodes.

**20. Transistors and Thyristors. **

Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs).

Volage-Divider Biasing.

The BJT as an Amplifier.

The Transistor as a Switch. Testing Bipolar Transistors.

Field Effect Transistors (FETs).

Junction Field Effect Transistors (JFETs).

Metal Oxide Semiconductor FETs (MOSFETs).

Testing Field Effect Transistors.

Thyristors.

Testing Thyristors.

Unijunction Transistors (UJTs).

**21. Amplifier Circuits. **

Effect of AC Signals on an Amplifier.

Common-Base (CB) Amplifiers.

Common-Emitter (CE) Amplifiers.

Common-Collector (CC) Amplifiers.

FET Amplifiers.

Multistage Amplifiers.

Class A Amplifiers.

Class B Amplifiers.

Class C Amplifiers.

Differential Amplifiers.

Troubleshooting Amplifiers.

**22. Operational Amplifiers (Op-Amps). **

Op-Amp Characteristics.

Inverting Amplifiers.

Noninverting Amplifiers.

Summing Amplifiers.

Comparators.

Integrators and Differentiators.

Active Filters.

Oscillator Circuits.

**23. Digital Electronics. **

Number Systems.

Binary Number System.

Binary-to-Decimal and Decimal- to-Binary Conversion.

Hexadecimal Number System.

Binary Coded Decimal (BCD).

ASCII Code.

AND Gates.

OR Gates.

Inverters.

NAND Gates.

NOR Gates.

Exclusive-OR Gates.

Logic Gate Combinations.

Boolean Theorems.

Applying DeMorgan's Theorems to Digital Circuits.

Flip-Flops (FFs).

D-Type Flip-Flops.

JK Flip-Flops.

Shift Registers.

Counters.

Troubleshooting Digital Circuits.

**Appendices. **

Table of Standard Resistor Values.

Magnetic Parameter Conversions.

The Greek Alphabet and Common Meanings.

Device Data Sheets.

**Answers to Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems. **

**Glossary. **

**Index. **