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Twentieth-Century World

Twentieth-Century World - 6th edition

Twentieth-Century World - 6th edition

ISBN13: 9780618522637

ISBN10: 0618522638

Twentieth-Century World by Carter Vaughn Findley and John Alexander Murray Rothney - ISBN 9780618522637
Edition: 6TH 06
Copyright: 2006
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
International: No
Twentieth-Century World by Carter Vaughn Findley and John Alexander Murray Rothney - ISBN 9780618522637

ISBN13: 9780618522637

ISBN10: 0618522638

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The best-selling Twentieth-Century World text covers recent world history by focusing on themes of global interrelatedness, identity and difference, the rise of mass society, and technology versus nature.

The text presents balanced coverage of political, economic, social, scientific, artistic, and military history, allowing for a fully rounded understanding of the contemporary world. A comparative timeline examines major historical events from around the globe.

The discussion of the late 20th century highlights political reforms, technological advances, and the changing economy.
This edition features a stronger focus on non-Western nations.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

I. Introduction

1. The Twentieth Century in World History

Four Themes
Global Interrelatedness
Identity and Difference
Rise of Mass Society
Technology Versus Nature
Conclusion: Values for Survival

2. Origins of the New Century

A "Short" Twentieth Century?
Progress and Optimism, 1871-1914
Social Darwinism and Racist Nationalism
The Second "Industrial Revolution" and The Rise of the Mass Society
The Challenge of Democracy
The Outburst of Imperialism
Two Poles of Experience in the European Dominated World System
Imperial Berlin: European Metropolis and Crucible of Change
Dinshawai, Egyptian Village: Rustic Routine and the Challenge of Colonialism
Conclusion: Berlin and Dinshawai

II. Crisis in the European-dominated World Order

3. World War I: The Turning Point of European Ascendancy

Causes of World War I
Battlefronts, 1914-1918
Homefronts, 1914-1918
Peacemaking, 1919 and After

4. Restructuring the Social and Political Order: The Bolshevik Revolution in World Perspective

The End of Tsarist Russia
Lenin's Russia, 1917-1924
Stalin's Soviet Union, 1924-1939
Contrasts in Revolution and Mass Mobilization
Conclusion: Revolutions Compared

5. Global Economic Crisis and the Restructuring of the Social and Political Order

The Deceptive "Normalcy" of the 1920s
From Wall Street Crash to World Depression
Origins of the Crisis
The Depression in the Developing World
Britain, France, and the Dilemma of Democratic Socialism
The New Deal in Global Perspective
Conclusion: The Global Trend Toward the Guarantor State

6. Restructuring the Social and Political Order: Fascism

The Varieties of Authoritarianism After 1918
The Original Fascism: The Italian Model
From Weimar Republic to Third Reich
The Road to War
Fascism Around the World
Conclusion: The Permanent Temptation of Fascism

III. Latin America, Africa, and Asia: The Struggle Against Colonialism

7. Latin America's Struggle for Development

Continental Overview: The Illusion of Independence
The Amazing Argentine
Brazil from Empire to New State
Mexico and Its Revolutionary Legacy
Conclusion: Charismatic Leaders and Their Policies Compared

8. Sub-Saharan Africa Under European Sway

Continental Overview: African Diversity, European Domination
Nigeria Under the British
South Africa: A History of Two Struggles
Conclusion: Africa and Imperialism

9. Asian Struggles for Independence and Development

Asian Centers of Civilization
India Under the British
The Middle East and North Africa in the Era of European Expansionism
China and Japan: Contrasts in Development
Conclusion: China, India, Turkey, and Japan Compared

IV. World War II, Superpower Rivalry, and the Post-Cold War World

10. World War II: The Final Crisis of European Global Dominance

From Phony War to Operation Barbarossa, 1939-1941
The Japanese Bid for Empire and the U.S. Reaction, 1941-1942
The Turning Points, 1942
The Home Fronts
The Defeat of the Axis, 1943-1945
The Revolutionary Impact of World War II
Conclusion: The High Point of U.S. Power

11. From the Cold War to the Global Marketplace

Interpreting International Relations, 1945-1991
The Cold War to 1953
The Containment of Khruschev, 1953-1962
First Steps Toward the Integration of Europe
The Stages of Post 1945 Economic Transformation
The U.S. and Western Europe in the Cold War Era
The 1960s Challenge to Authority
Stalin's Legacy
Khruschev and the Limits of Reform, 1953-1964
The Restive Satellites from the 1950s Through the 1970s
The Brezhnev Era in the USSR: Transformation and Stagnation

12. Uncertain Progress: Europe, the Soviet Union, and the U.S. in the 1970s and 1980s

Multipolar Détente Versus Renewed Confrontation, 1973-1984
Reagan - Gorbachev Summitry
Economic Slowdown and the Search for Political Direction
The Triumph of Conservative Economies: Mitterand, Thatcher, and Reagan
Economic Anxiety and the Quest for Political Alternatives
From Gorbachev to Yeltsin: The Dissolution of the Soviet Union

V. Independence for the Developing Countries?

13. Latin America: Neocolonial Authoritarianism or Democracy and Development?

Continental Overview
The Uncertain Course of Economic Development
Argentina: The Perils of Authoritarianism, with Charisma and Without
Brazil: Political and Economic Vacillations
Mexico: Drifting Away from the Revolutionary Legacy
Cuba: Social Revolution Without an End to Dependency
Conclusion: Development or Disappointment?

14. Sub-Saharan Africa; Decay or Development?

Continental Overview: The Underdeveloped World par Excellence
Nigeria: Independence plus Oil Dependency
South Africa: Inequality, Exploitation, Isolation
Conclusion: Moving Beyond Change Without Development?

15. The Middle East and North Africa Since World War II

Regional Overview: The Search for Independence and Integration
Turkey: Democratization and Development
Iran in Revolution: Turban Against Crown and Necktie
Egypt: The Struggle to Escape Poverty
Israel: The Search for Security

16. Asian Resurgence

South and East Asia: From Decolonization to Reassertion
India: Development Amid Underdevelopment
China Under the Communists
Japan: Re-emergence and Pre-eminence
The High-Performance Asian Economies
Conclusion: The Fork in Asia's Developmental Road

17. The World Since 1990

The Collapse of Socialism in Eastern Europe
The United States
Europe: Unity and Diversity
South and East Asia
The Islamic World
Latin America

VI. The World Today

18. Twenty-First Century Prospect

Identity Politics
The Future of Mass Society
Nature, Technology, and Globalization
Looking Ahead