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Who Built America? : Working People and the Nation's Economy, Politics, Culture, and Society, to 1877, Volume I

Who Built America? : Working People and the Nation's Economy, Politics, Culture, and Society, to 1877, Volume I - 00 edition

Who Built America? : Working People and the Nation's Economy, Politics, Culture, and Society, to 1877, Volume I - 00 edition

ISBN13: 9781572593022

ISBN10: 1572593024

Who Built America? : Working People and the Nation
Edition: 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: Worth Publishers, Inc.
International: No
Who Built America? : Working People and the Nation

ISBN13: 9781572593022

ISBN10: 1572593024

Other Editions of Who Built America? : Working People and the Nation's Economy, Politics, Culture, and Society, to 1877, Volume I

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This major revision of Who Built America?, the widely acclaimed history by the American Social History Project, surveys the nation's past from the perspective of working men and women, examining the roles they have played in the making of modern America. Growing out of the effort to reinterpret American history from ''the bottom up,'' Who Built America? not only documents the country's presidents, politics, and wars along with the life and values of the nation's elite, but it also focuses on the fundamental social and economic conflicts in our history, integrating the history of community, family, gender roles, race, and ethnicity into the more familiar history of politics and economic development. This new textbook edition from Worth Publishers incorporates a stronger chronological focus, the latest scholarship, and increased coverage of several topics and areas of history, while retaining the critical edge that makes Who Built America? unique.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Part One: Colonization and Revolution (1492-1800)

Chapter 1: A Meeting of Three Worlds: Europe Colonizes the Americas, 1492-1620

Peoples of the New World
Europe: the Background to Overseas Expansion
West African Societies
Portugal, Spain, and the Start of American Colonization
The Need for Labor
Africa and the America Slave Trade
The Dutch, French and English in North America
The Roots of English Colonization
Colonizing the Chesapeake
Colonizing New England
The English Revolution and its Effects on the Colonies
Native Americans: Collapse, Resistance, Exchange
The Remaking of Three Worlds

Chapter 2: Servitude, Slavery and the Growth of the Southern Colonies, 1620-1750

The Southern Colonies in Context
The Demand for Labor: Servitude in the Chesapeake
A Changing Elite and English Regulations
Bacon's Rebellion of 1676: A Turning Point in the Chesapeake
From Servitude to Slavery
The Spread of Slavery in the Carolinas and Georgia
African-American Culture in the South
The Fear of Slave Rebellion
Slave Societies: Material Prosperity and Inequality
Slave Societies: Deference and Equality
The Challenge of the Great Awakening

Chapter 3: Family Labor and the Growth of the Northern Colonies, 1640-1760

Freeholders in Early New England
Equality and Inequality in Puritan Society
Conflict with Native Americans
Early Proprietors in the Middle Colonies
The Glorious Revolution of 1688-9
How the Iroquois set Limits on Settlements
Patterns on the Land: The Eighteenth Century
Rural Societies
Cities by the Sea
Urban Elites
Artisans and Laborers
The Unfree: Servants and Slaves
Government and Power in the Colonial North
Direct Action and Popular Politics
Growing Tensions: Northern Colonies in the Mid-18th Century

Chapter 4: Towards Revolution, 1750-1776

Why Were the Thirteen Colonies Primed for Rebellion?
Political and Social Tensions in the Colonies
Land Rioters and Demands for Freehold Rights
Conflict on the Frontier
Britain's Imperial Triumph
The Costs of War
The Stamp Act and Townshend Duties
Elite Protest
Popular Protest
Resistance Becomes Revolution
War Begins
The Popular Take Sides

Chapter 5: Revolution, Constitution, and the People, 1776-1815

The Toils of War
War on the Frontier
The Movement for a People's Government
The Limits to Democratization
Conflict Over Economic Issues
Slave and the American Revolution
Revolutionary Rhetoric and New Possibilities
Constitution and Compromise
Elites and the People: The Fight for Ratification
Securing a Bill of Rights
American Society: Competing Visions
Opportunity for Some, Exclusion for Others
Revolution and Territory: Crisis in the Spanish Empire
Revolution and Territory: Native American Resistance
Legacies of Revolution

Part Two: Free Labor and Slavery, 1790-1860

Chapter 6: The Consolidation of Slavery, 1790-1836

The Invention of the Cotton Gin
Territorial Expansion and New Opportunities
Native Americans: Resistance and Retreat
Native American Appeal to U.S. Justice
Southern Regions, Crops and Work Organizations
The Internal Slave Trade
The Planter Class
Southern Yeomen Face New Challenges
The Evangelical Appeal to African Americans
A Battle of Wills: Daily Resistance and Open Rebellion
Hopes Dim for a Gradual End to Slavery in the South
The Lives of Free Blacks in the South
The Planter Class Consolidates Power

Chapter 7: The Emergence of Wage Labor in the North, 1790-1840

An Agrarian Republic and the ''Best Men''
The Rural North in the Early 19th Century
Towns and Commerce in an Agrarian Republic
The Beginnings of a Social Transformation
Transportation and Markets
Industrial Revolution
Social Stratification
The Middle-Class Ideal
Evangelical Revival
Paths to Wage Labor: Artisans and Outworkers
Paths to Wage Labor: Laborers and Factory Workers
Working People and Politics
The Workingmen's Movement
Strikes and Protests
Market Economy or Moral Economy?
Depression and Crisis in Northern Society
Plebeian Realities
The Labor Movement: The Makings of Class Consciousness

Chapter 8: The Transformation of Northern Society, 1835-1855

An Era of Expansion
Free Labor Gains a New Meaning
Immigrants Swell the Wage Labor Ranks
Irish Americans Trade Famine for Unskilled Labor
Germans Migrate Toward Crafts and Farms
Northern European Immigrants Find Opportunity
Native-Born Blacks in the Free Labor
Wage-Earning Women Expand Their Sphere But Not Their Rights
Attacks on Immigrants, African Americans, and Works
Leisure Activities in an Industrial Age
Urban Disorder and Class Conflict
Middle-Class Efforts at Moral Reform
Radical Evangelicalism, Communal Experiments and Cooperative Enterprises
Movements for Land Reform
Women Reformers Seek Rights for Themselves
Abolitionists Fight Slavery and Each Other
Political Parties Compete for the Electorate

Chapter 9: Crisis Over Slavery, 1836-1848

The Master's Domain
Religion and Slavery
Forms of Slave Resistance and Community
African and Native American Rebellion on the Frontier
Free Blacks Challenge Planter Control
Can Western Expansion Ease the Conflicts?
The Ravages of the Internal Slave Trade
The Tensions of Plantation Life Among Whites
The Pro-Slavery Movement
The Limits of Economic Diversification
The Lure of New Territories
The War with Mexico
Manifest Destiny and Conflict Over Slavery in the New Territories
The Conflict Over Slavery Intensifies

Part Three: War and the Reconstruction of Land and Labor (1848-1877)

Chapter 10: Western Expansion and Sectional Conflict, 1848-1860

Western Lands, Western Peoples
The Gold Rush
New Parties, New Promises
Can the Compromise Hold?
The Plight of Free Labor
Workers in the West
Bleeding Kansas
A New Party Alignment
The Worst Oppressed
Toward a Showdown

Chapter 11: The Civil War: America's Second Revolution, 1861-1865

Forces Driving Within
Southerners Debate Sessions
The North Assesses the Price of Peace
The War for the Union
The War Against Slavery
The Bitter-Sweet Taste of Freedom
Union Officials Consider Emancipation
Soldiers' Lives
War Transforms the North
Dissent and Protest in the Union States
Building Consensus Through Victory
African Americans in the War
War Transforms the South
Dissent and Protest in the Confederate States
The War's End

Chapter 12: Reconstructing an American Nation: Reunion and Social Conflict, 1865-1877

Rehearsals for Reconstruction
Giving Meaning to Freedom
The Limits of Freedom
Legislating Reconstruction
Radical Reconstruction
Retreat from Reconstruction
Railroads and the West
Industry and Workers
Workers' Struggles
The Interests of Labor Are One
Crisis and Conflict

Volume II


Part One: Monopoly and Upheaval (1877-1914)

Chapter 1: Progress and Poverty: Economy, Society, and Politics in the Gilded Age (1877-1893)

Building A Railroad System
Explosive and Unstable Development
The Emergence of Urban-Industrial Life
The Remaking of the American Working Class
Working Conditions
Businessmen Seek Control
New Management Systems
Businessmen Look To Politics
The New South
Crop Liens, Debt, and Sharecropping
Conflict on the Plains
Western Farming and Ranching
Extractive Industries and Exploited Workers
Capitalism and the Meaning of Democracy

Chapter 2: Community and Conflict: Working People Respond to Industrial Capitalism

Neighborhood Cultures
Working Women at Home
Religion and Community
The Workingman's Club
The Labor Community
''Union for All'': The Knights of Labor
1886: The 8-Hour Movement and Haymarket Square
Employers' Response and the Decline of the Knights
Politics and the Workingman
The Rise of the AFL
Class Conflict in the Country
Bloody Battles at Homestead

Chapter 3: ''The Producing Classes and the Money Power'': A Decade of Hard Times, Struggles, and Defeats (1893-1904)

The Depressions of the 1890s
Workers on the March
Pullman: Solidarity and Defeat
The Farmers' Alliance and the People's Party
The Cross of Gold
Jim Crow
The New Immigrants
Nativism and Immigration Restriction
A Splendid Little War
An Overseas Empire
Business on the Rebound
Organized Labor in a Time of Recovery
End of a Century; End of an Era

Chapter 4: Change and Continuity in Daily Life (1900-1914)

Mass Production
Scientific Management
Welfare Capitalism
New Standards of Living
Wiring a Nation
Marketing to the Masses
Leisure Time and Public Recreation
Entertainment for the Masses
Uplifting the Masses
White Collars and Middle-Class Values
Women Making Money
Change and Continuity

Chapter 5: Radicals and Reformers in the Progressive Era (1900-1914)

Andru Karnegi and Mr. Rucevelt: Simplified Spelling and the Contours of Progressivism
Social Settlements and Municipal Housekeeping
Women's Political Culture
Women's Suffrage
Factory Reform and the Conditions of Labor
The Garment Industry and Working Women's Activism
Socialists, Marxists, and Anarchists
Militant Communities
Local and State Reform Politics
Progressive and Participation
Reform comes to National Politics
The Highpoint-and the Limits-of Progressivism
Towards the Modern State

Part Two: War, Depression, and Industrial Unionism (1914-1945)

Chapter 6: The United States in World War I (1914-1920)

War in Europe
American Neutrality and American Business
The Debate over Europe's War
Towards Intervention
Mobilizing the Home Front
War Production and Labor Gains
The Great Migration
Tension on the Southern Border
Women Workers and Woman Suffrage
Working-Class Protest and Political Radicalism
Repression and Nativism
Americans Head ''Over There''
Wilson and the Shape of Peace
Postwar Strikes and Race Riots
The Red Scare
Towards a Postwar Society

Chapter 7: Business Triumphs in a ''New Era'' (1920-1929)

Transformations in Basic Production
Daily Life in the New Consumer Culture
Autos for the Masses
The Creation of Customers
Economic Growth and Instability
''The Business of America Is Business''
Conservatism and Corruption in Political Life
Crisis in Agriculture
Women as Workers and Consumers
Mass Culture: Music, Movies and Radio
Cultural Conflicts
African-American Life in the 1920s
Organized Labor in Decline

Chapter 8: The Great Depression and the First New Deal (1929-1935)

The Onset of the Great Depression
Hard Times
Depression and Drought in the Farm Belt
Hoover's Response to the Crisis
Self-Help and Its Limits
Poor People's Movements
Roosevelt's Promise of a New Deal
Financial Rescue and Emergency Relief
Agricultural Supports and Industrial Codes
The New Deal in the South and West
Section 7a and the Revival of Organized Labor
The New Union Leaders
A Wave of Strikes
The Collapse of the First New Deal
Populist Critics of the New Deal

Chapter 9: Labor Democratizes America (1935-1939)

An Expanded Jobs Program
Social Security
The Wagner Act
The Congress of Industrial Organizations
The Election of 1936
The Flint Sit-Down Strike
Industrial Unionism at High Tide
Women Workers in the New Unions
A New Kind of Patriotism
The Cultural Front
Blacks and the Fight for Equal Rights
Backlash Against Labor and the New Deal
Defeat of the New Deal in the South
Anti-Communism and the Culture Wars
The ''Roosevelt Recession''
The Legacy of the New Deal

Chapter 10: A Nation Transformed (1939-1946)

Militarism and Fascism Abroad
Isolationism on the Left and Right
Internationalism Triumphant
The Nation Mobilizes for War
The End of the New Deal
War in Europe and the Pacific
Life in the Armed Forces
The Wartime Industrial Boom
Women in the Workforce
The Internment of Japanese-Americans
Civil Rights on the Job
Labor's War in the Workplace
Victory in Europe
Japan's Surrender
The Conversion to a Peacetime Economy

Part Three: The Rise and Fall of the ''American Century'' (1945-1999)

Chapter 11: The Cold War Boom (1946-1960)

Origins of the Cold War
The Division of Europe
The Cold War in Asia
Labor Loses Ground
The 1948 Election
The Weapon of Anticommunism
The Postwar Economic Boom
A Classless Society?
The Labor-Management Accord
Flight from the Farms
The Growth of the Service Sector
The Decline of Ethnicity
Suburbian America
The Splintering of the Working Class
The World of Father Knows Best

Chapter 12: The Rights Conscious 1960s

Birth of the Civil Rights Movement
Freedom Now!
The Kennedy Administration
The Liberal Hour
The War on Poverty
The Riots and Black Power
Rights Consciousness in the Work Place
The Road to Vietnam
Escalation of the Vietnam War
The Antiwar Movement and the New Left
Rise of the Counterculture
1968: A Watershed Year
The Nixon Administration
The Environmental Movement
Pluralism in American Life
The Women's Movement
Militancy and Dissention in the Labor Movement
Political Polarization
The Watergate Crisis

Chapter 13: The United States in a New Economy (1973-1988)

End of the American Boom
The New Shape of U.S. Business
The Ford and Carter Administrations
The Collapse of Détente
The Rise of the New Right
The Revolt Against Taxes and Busing
Sexual Politics: Women's and Gay Rights
A New Cold War
Enter Ronald Reagan, Stage Right
The New Immigration
Labor under Fire
Reaganism in Triumph and Defeat
Policy Failure Abroad
Reaganism at an Impasse
Culture Wars
The Reagan Legacy

Chapter 14: After the Cold War (1990 to the Present)

End of the Cold War
George Bush as President
A New Order?
A New Economy
Bush's Passivity At Home
The 1992 Election
The Clinton Administration
Health Care Reform
Newt Gingrich to the Fore
Polarization in California
The 1996 Election
New Leadership and New Ideas for American Labor
Gender, Race and Nation
Race and Violence in Los Angeles
Identity Politics on the Right
The Impeachment and Trial of a President
At the Dawn of a New Century

Other Editions of Who Built America? : Working People and the Nation's Economy, Politics, Culture, and Society, to 1877, Volume I

Who Built America? Volume 1: Through 1877: Working People and the Nation